1074

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1074 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1074
MLXXIV
Ab urbe condita 1827
Armenian calendar 523
ԹՎ ՇԻԳ
Assyrian calendar 5824
Balinese saka calendar 995–996
Bengali calendar 481
Berber calendar 2024
English Regnal year 8  Will. 1   9  Will. 1
Buddhist calendar 1618
Burmese calendar 436
Byzantine calendar 6582–6583
Chinese calendar 癸丑(Water  Ox)
3770 or 3710
     to 
甲寅年 (Wood  Tiger)
3771 or 3711
Coptic calendar 790–791
Discordian calendar 2240
Ethiopian calendar 1066–1067
Hebrew calendar 4834–4835
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1130–1131
 - Shaka Samvat 995–996
 - Kali Yuga 4174–4175
Holocene calendar 11074
Igbo calendar 74–75
Iranian calendar 452–453
Islamic calendar 466–467
Japanese calendar Enkyū 6 / Jōhō 1
(承保元年)
Javanese calendar 978–979
Julian calendar 1074
MLXXIV
Korean calendar 3407
Minguo calendar 838 before ROC
民前838年
Nanakshahi calendar −394
Seleucid era 1385/1386 AG
Thai solar calendar 1616–1617
Tibetan calendar 阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
1200 or 819 or 47
     to 
阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1201 or 820 or 48
King Geza I of Hungary (c. 1040-1077) Geza I.jpg
King Géza I of Hungary (c. 1040–1077)

Year 1074 ( MLXXIV ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

Roussel de Bailleul Byzantine general

Roussel de Bailleul, also known as Phrangopoulos, or in the westernised form Russell Balliol was a Norman adventurer who travelled to Byzantium and there received employ as a soldier and leader of men from the Emperor Romanus IV. He is also known as Ursellus de Ballione in Latin or Roscelin or Roskelin de Baieul, and Anna Comnena called him Urselius.

John Doukas was the son of Andronikos Doukas, a Paphlagonian nobleman who may have served as governor of the theme of Moesia, and the younger brother of Emperor Constantine X Doukas. John Doukas was the paternal grandfather of Irene Doukaina, wife of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos.

Byzantine Empire Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe. Both the terms "Byzantine Empire" and "Eastern Roman Empire" are historiographical terms created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire simply as the Roman Empire, or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".

Europe

February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 332 days remain until the end of the year.

Treaty of Gerstungen peace treaty

The Treaty of Gerstungen was concluded on 2 February 1074 in Gerstungen Castle on the River Werra in what is now Germany. It required King Henry IV to restore Duke Otto of Northeim to the Duchy of Bavaria. In 1073 the latter had successfully headed the rebellion of the Saxons. King Henry had to escape from the siege of the Harzburg castle and, under the requirements of the treaty, to accede to the slighting of his castles in the Harz mountains, including for example, the Sachsenburg at Bad Sachsa and only built in 1070.

Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IV became King of the Germans in 1056. From 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105, he was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy, and he was excommunicated five times by three different popes. Civil wars over his throne took place in both Italy and Germany. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine, France.

Africa

Badr al-Jamali Fatamid statesman

Abū'l-Najm Badr ibn ʿAbdallāh al-Jamālī al-Mustanṣirī, better known as Badr al-Jamali was a vizier and prominent statesman for the Fatimid Caliphate under Caliph al-Mustansir. His appointment to the vizierate in 1073 restored the fortunes of the Fatimid state, which had faced collapse in the previous decades, but also began a period where the vizierate was dominated by military strongmen who held power through their military strength, rather than through the Caliph's appointment. An Armenian, Badr al-Jamali initiated a wave of Armenian migration into Egypt, and was the first of a series of viziers of Armenian origin, who played a major role in the fortunes of the Fatimid Caliphate over the subsequent century.

Vizier high-ranking political advisor or minister

A vizier is a high-ranking political advisor or minister. The Abbasid caliphs gave the title wazir to a minister formerly called katib (secretary), who was at first merely a helper but afterwards became the representative and successor of the dapir of the Sassanian kings.

Fatimid Caliphate Ismaili Shia Islamic caliphate

The Fatimid Caliphate was a Shia Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The dynasty of Arab origin ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the center of the caliphate. At its height the caliphate included in addition to Egypt varying areas of the Maghreb, Sudan, Sicily, the Levant, and Hijaz.

Central Asia

Magreb was a medieval king in Central Asia, specifically modern Kazakhstan, who united the Tengizi islands in the Caspian Sea and formed the Kingdom of Tengiz.

Tengizi Islands Island group in Lake Tengiz, Kazakhstan

The Tengizi Islands are an archipelago in Korgalzhyn District, Akmola Region, Kazakhstan.

Caspian Sea lake in Asia and Europe, largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth

The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. It is an endorheic basin located between Europe and Asia, to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the broad steppe of Central Asia. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 and a volume of 78,200 km3. It has a salinity of approximately 1.2%, about a third of the salinity of most seawater. It is bounded by Kazakhstan to the northeast, Russia to the northwest, Azerbaijan to the west, Iran to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southeast. The Caspian Sea is home to a wide range of species and may be best known for its caviar and oil industries. Pollution from the oil industry and dams on rivers draining into the Caspian Sea have had negative effects on the organisms living in the sea.

China

  • Emperor Shen Zong of the Song Dynasty establishes a Marine Office and a Goods Control Bureau north-west of Shanghai, allowing for the loading and unloading of freight.
Emperor Shenzong of Song 11th-century Chinese emperor

Emperor Shenzong of Song, personal name Zhao Xu, was the sixth emperor of the Song dynasty in China. His original personal name was Zhao Zhongzhen but he changed it to "Zhao Xu" after his coronation. He reigned from 1067 until his death in 1085.

Song dynasty Chinese historical period

The Song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and lasted until 1279. The dynasty was founded by Emperor Taizu of Song following his usurpation of the throne of the Later Zhou, ending the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. The Song often came into conflict with the contemporary Liao and Western Xia dynasties in the north. It was eventually conquered by the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty. The Song government was the first in world history to issue banknotes or true paper money nationally and the first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. This dynasty also saw the first known use of gunpowder, as well as the first discernment of true north using a compass.

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Related Research Articles

11th century Century

The 11th century is the period from 1001 to 1100 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era, and the 1st century of the 2nd millennium.

The 1070s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1070, and ended on December 31, 1079.

1071 Year

Year 1071 (MLXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

Year 1001 (MI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. It is the first year of the 11th century and the 2nd millennium.

1078 Year

Year 1078 (MLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1011 Year

Year in topic Year 1011 (MXI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1036 Year

Year 1036 (MXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1073 Year

Year 1073 (MLXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1029 Year

Year 1029 (MXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1042 Year

Year 1042 (MXLII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

913 Year

Year 913 (CMXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1075 Year

Year 1075 (MLXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1077 Year

Year 1077 (MLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1081 Year

Year 1081 (MLXXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

985 Year

Year 985 (CMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Brian Todd Carey (2012). Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare (527–1071), p. 155. ISBN   978-1-84884-215-1.
  2. David Nicolle (2003). The First Crusade 1096–99: Conquest of the Holy Land, p. 12. ISBN   978-1-84176-515-0.
  3. "Conrad | king of the Germans". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 31, 2019.