October 21

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October 21 is the 294th day of the year(295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.There are 71 days remaining until the end of the year.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

Year 1096 (MXCVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Peoples Crusade prelude to the First Crusade

The People's Crusade was a popular crusade and a prelude to the First Crusade that lasted roughly six months from April to October 1096. It is also known as the Peasants' Crusade, Paupers' Crusade or the Popular Crusade as it was not part of the official Catholic Church-organised expeditions that came later. Led primarily by Peter the Hermit with forces of Walter Sans Avoir, the army was destroyed by the Seljuk forces of Kilij Arslan at Civetot, northwestern Anatolia.

Year 1097 (MXCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Births

Year 1328 (MCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Hongwu Emperor founding emperor of the Ming Dynasty

The Hongwu Emperor, personal name Zhu Yuanzhang, was the founding emperor of the Ming dynasty.

Year 1409 (MCDIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

645 Year

Year 645 (DCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 645 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Zhenzhu Khan, personal name Yi'nan (夷男), full regal title Zhenzhupiqie Khan (真珠毗伽可汗), was a khan of Xueyantuo, under whom Xueyantuo rose from being a vassal of Eastern Tujue to a mighty khanate ruling over northern/central Asia. During his reign, Xueyantuo largely aligned with China's Tang Dynasty, even though the two states were at odds at times, with the most serious dispute involving Tang's attempt to reestablish Eastern Tujue as a vassal state under the Qilibi Khan Ashina Simo—an attempt that eventually failed due to frequent incursions by Yi'nan's army against Ashina Simo. Throughout Yi'nan's reign, Xueyantuo remained powerful despite Tang attempts to curb its power, but after Yi'nan's death, a succession dispute between his sons, Bazhuo and Yemang (曳莽), led to Bazhuo's killing of Yemang and subsequent internal unrest. Further, Bazhuo attacked Tang, resulting in a major Tang retaliation campaign that, along with a revolt by the Huige, led to Xueyantuo's destruction in 646.

Xueyantuo

The Xueyantuo (薛延陀) (Seyanto, Se-yanto, Se-Yanto) or Syr-Tardush were an ancient Tiele Turkic people and Turkic khanate in central/northern Asia who were at one point vassals of the Gokturks, later aligning with China's Tang Dynasty against the Eastern Gokturks. The Xueyanto homeland is near the Selenga River/Xueyanhe River (薛延河江/偰輦河江), so their tribe's name is Seyanto/Xueyantuo (薛延陀), Chinese Han characters underwent considerable changes according to changes in Chinese dynasties, so the tribe is variously known as Xueyantuo, Xueyanhe, Xienianhe, Seyanto, Selenga, Selyanha, etc.

Holidays and observances

Apple Day

Apple Day is an annual celebration of apples and orchards, held in October. It is celebrated mainly in the United Kingdom. It traditionally falls on 21 October, the date of the first such event in 1990, but events are held throughout the month. It is commonly a weekend event, usually taking place on the Saturday and Sunday closest to 30 October.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Public holidays in Honduras are centered on Christianity and the commemoration of events in Honduran history. Each celebration is very important to many families across this country. They are often celebrated with extended family members, and friends. On a few of the most important holidays, such as Independence Day and holy week parades and processions are held from early morning to later in the afternoon or evening.

Related Research Articles

August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 152 days remaining until the end of the year.

August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 145 days remaining until the end of the year.

April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 262 days remaining until the end of the year.

June 21 is the 172nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 193 days remaining until the end of the year.

July 27 is the 208th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 157 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 22 is the 326th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 39 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 5 is the 309th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 56 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 7 is the 311th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 54 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 10 is the 314th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 51 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 3 is the 307th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 58 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 17 is the 321st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 44 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 1 is the 274th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 91 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 24 is the 297th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 68 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 10 is the 283rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 82 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 18 is the 291st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 74 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 16 is the 289th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 76 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 108 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 5 is the 248th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 117 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 15 is the 258th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 107 days remaining until the end of the year.

April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 271 days remaining until the end of the year.

References

  1. ‘Sfòrza, Alessandro, signore di Pesaro’, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani.
  2. "Eulogy for Leela Vernon". Amandala Newspaper. 2017-03-04. Retrieved 2019-01-03.