1987

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1987 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1987
MCMLXXXVII
Ab urbe condita 2740
Armenian calendar 1436
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԶ
Assyrian calendar 6737
Bahá'í calendar 143–144
Balinese saka calendar 1908–1909
Bengali calendar 1394
Berber calendar 2937
British Regnal year 35  Eliz. 2   36  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2531
Burmese calendar 1349
Byzantine calendar 7495–7496
Chinese calendar 丙寅(Fire  Tiger)
4683 or 4623
     to 
丁卯年 (Fire  Rabbit)
4684 or 4624
Coptic calendar 1703–1704
Discordian calendar 3153
Ethiopian calendar 1979–1980
Hebrew calendar 5747–5748
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2043–2044
 - Shaka Samvat 1908–1909
 - Kali Yuga 5087–5088
Holocene calendar 11987
Igbo calendar 987–988
Iranian calendar 1365–1366
Islamic calendar 1407–1408
Japanese calendar Shōwa 62
(昭和62年)
Javanese calendar 1919–1920
Juche calendar 76
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4320
Minguo calendar ROC 76
民國76年
Nanakshahi calendar 519
Thai solar calendar 2530
Tibetan calendar 阳火虎年
(male Fire-Tiger)
2113 or 1732 or 960
     to 
阴火兔年
(female Fire-Rabbit)
2114 or 1733 or 961
Unix time 536457600 – 567993599

1987 ( MCMLXXXVII ) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1987th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 987th year of the 2nd millennium , the 87th year of the 20th century , and the 8th year of the 1980s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.

Contents

Events

January

January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 363 days remain until the end of the year.

Chadian–Libyan conflict

The Chadian–Libyan conflict was a series of sporadic clashes in Chad between 1978 and 1987 between Libyan and Chadian forces. Libya had been involved in Chad's internal affairs prior to 1978 and before Muammar Gaddafi's rise to power in Libya in 1969, beginning with the extension of the Chadian Civil War to northern Chad in 1968. The conflict was marked by a series of four separate Libyan interventions in Chad, taking place in 1978, 1979, 1980–1981 and 1983–1987. In all of these occasions Gaddafi had the support of a number of factions participating in the civil war, while Libya's opponents found the support of the French government, which intervened militarily to save the Chadian government in 1978, 1983 and 1986.

Battle of Fada

The battle of Fada took place in northern Chad in 1987, and was a turning point of the Chadian–Libyan conflict.

February

February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 323 days remain until the end of the year.

British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier airline of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Waterside, Harmondsworth. It is the second largest airline in the United Kingdom, based on fleet size and passengers carried, behind easyJet. The airline is based in Waterside near its main hub at London Heathrow Airport. In January 2011 BA merged with Iberia, creating the International Airlines Group (IAG), a holding company registered in Madrid, Spain. IAG is the world's third-largest airline group in terms of annual revenue and the second-largest in Europe. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and in the FTSE 100 Index. British Airways is the first passenger airline to have generated more than $1 billion on a single air route in a year.

London Stock Exchange Stock exchange in the City of London

London Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located in the City of London, England. As of April 2018, London Stock Exchange had a market capitalisation of US$4.59 trillion. It was founded in 1571, making it one of the oldest exchanges in the world. Its current premises are situated in Paternoster Square close to St Paul's Cathedral in the City of London. It is part of London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG).

March

March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 304 days remain until the end of the year.

March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 303 days remain until the end of the year.

Eazy-E American Rapper

Eric Lynn Wright, known professionally as Eazy-E, was an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur. Dubbed the "Godfather of Gangsta Rap", he gained prominence for his work with N.W.A, where he has been credited for pushing the boundaries of lyrical and visual content in mainstream popular music.

MS Herald of Free Enterprise before its capsizing on March 6. Herald of Free Enterprise.jpg
MS Herald of Free Enterprise before its capsizing on March 6.

March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 300 days remain until the end of the year.

Roll-on/roll-off vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels

Roll-on/roll-off ships are ferries designed to carry wheeled cargo, such as cars, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers, and railroad cars, that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels or using a platform vehicle, such as a self-propelled modular transporter. This is in contrast to lift-on/lift-off (LoLo) vessels, which use a crane to load and unload cargo.

MS <i>Herald of Free Enterprise</i> Car ferry that capsized at Zeebrugge in March 1987

MS Herald of Free Enterprise was a roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferry which capsized moments after leaving the Belgian port of Zeebrugge on the night of 6 March 1987, killing 193 passengers and crew.

April

May

June

July

August

September

Performance of the Dow Jones Industrial Index during Black Monday DJIA Black Monday 1987.svg
Performance of the Dow Jones Industrial Index during Black Monday

October

October 16: aftermath of the Great Storm of 1987. Aftermath of the Great Storm of 1987.jpg
October 16: aftermath of the Great Storm of 1987.

November

November 18: King's Cross St. Pancras tube station catches fire. KingsXfire.jpg
November 18: King's Cross St. Pancras tube station catches fire.

December

Date unknown

Births

January

Shelley Hennig Shelley Hennig by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Shelley Hennig
Kristin Cavallari Kristin Cavallari - Flickr - nick step.jpg
Kristin Cavallari
Davide Astori 20150616 - Portugal - Italie - Geneve - Davide Astori.jpg
Davide Astori
Cesar Cielo Filhopodium50cropped.jpg
César Cielo
Naya Rivera Naya Rivera at 2012 ALMA Awards.jpg
Naya Rivera
Evan Peters Evan Peters by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Evan Peters
Luis Suarez Luis Suarez 2018.jpg
Luis Suárez
Oksana Shachko Oksana Shachko - 8 March 2009 (cropped).jpg
Oksana Shachko

February

Heather Morris Heather Morris by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Heather Morris
Ronda Rousey Rousey HOF 2018 (cropped).jpg
Ronda Rousey
Gerard Pique Gerard Pique in 2018.jpg
Gerard Piqué
Darren Criss Darren criss at scream queens premiere 2015 (cropped).jpg
Darren Criss
Rose Leslie Rose Leslie (March 2013) (headshot).jpg
Rose Leslie
Michael B. Jordan 2018-05-12- Cannes-L'acteur Michael B. Jordan-2721 (42075892224).jpg
Michael B. Jordan
Luc Bourdon Luc Bourdon.jpg
Luc Bourdon
Ashley Greene Ashley Greene Comic-Con 2011.jpg
Ashley Greene
Ellen Page Ellen Page by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Ellen Page

March

Kesha Kesha Planes Fire & Rescue premiere July 2014 (cropped).jpg
Kesha
Devon Graye Devon Graye March 2015.jpg
Devon Graye
Bow Wow Bow Wow during taping of 106 & park.jpg
Bow Wow
Emeli Sande Emeli Sande September 2014.jpg
Emeli Sandé
Marco Andretti Marco Andretti 2009 Indy 500 Carb Day.JPG
Marco Andretti
AJ Lee AJ Lee WM Axxess 2014.jpg
AJ Lee
Polina Gagarina 20150512 ESC 2015 Polina Gagarina 4749.jpg
Polina Gagarina

April

Sarah Gadon Sarah Gadon Cannes 2012.jpg
Sarah Gadon
Jesse McCartney Jesse McCartney Shankbone 2010 NYC crop.jpg
Jesse McCartney
Shay Mitchell Shay Mitchell 2019 by Glenn Francis.jpg
Shay Mitchell
Joss Stone Joss Stone @ Stockholm jazz fest 01 new.jpg
Joss Stone
Brooklyn Decker Brooklyn Decker 2012 Shankbone 6.JPG
Brooklyn Decker
Mike Manning Mike Manning.jpg
Mike Manning
Rosie Huntington-Whiteley Paris Motor Show 2014 - Land Rover Discovery Sport 23 (cropped).jpg
Rosie Huntington-Whiteley
William Moseley William Moseley 2015 TCA Press Tour (cropped).jpg
William Moseley

May

Aidy Bryant Aidy Bryant.png
Aidy Bryant
Hunter Parrish HunterParrishSept09.jpg
Hunter Parrish
Candice King Candice Accola by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Candice King
Andy Murray Andy Murray (44087043305).jpg
Andy Murray
Arturo Vidal Chile VS. Australia (13) (cropped).jpg
Arturo Vidal
Novak Djokovic Novak Djokovic Queen's Club 2018.jpg
Novak Djokovic
Brandi Cyrus Brandi Cyrus VMA 2015.png
Brandi Cyrus
Noah Reid NoahReidSept10TIFF.jpg
Noah Reid

June

Cassio Ramos Cassio (cropped).jpg
Cássio Ramos
Diana DeGarmo Diana DeGarmo March 2015.jpg
Diana DeGarmo
Kendrick Lamar Pulitzer2018-portraits-kendrick-lamar.jpg
Kendrick Lamar
Rebecca Breeds Rebecca Breeds 2.jpg
Rebecca Breeds
Niels Schneider Niels Schneider 2017.jpg
Niels Schneider
Joe Dempsie Joe Dempsie Paris (cropped).jpg
Joe Dempsie
Lionel Messi Lionel Messi 20180626.jpg
Lionel Messi
Ed Westwick Ed Westwick July 2010 cropped.jpg
Ed Westwick

July

Cristina Vee Day 3 Meet Christine Marie Cabanos and Cristina Vee (33878970146) (cropped).jpg
Cristina Vee
Sebastian Vettel Sebastian Vettel 2017 Malaysia 2.jpg
Sebastian Vettel
Veronica Wagner Wagner student.JPG
Veronica Wagner
Rebecca Sugar Rebecca Sugar Speaking at New York Comic Con 2014 - Peter Dzubay (cropped).jpeg
Rebecca Sugar
AnnaLynne McCord AnnaLynne McCord July 1, 2014 (cropped).jpg
AnnaLynne McCord
Mara Wilson Mara Wilson by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Mara Wilson
Alan Dawa Dolma Alan tgs08.jpg
Alan Dawa Dolma
Genesis Rodriguez Genesis Rodriguez for Complex Magazine.jpg
Genesis Rodriguez

August

Sidney Crosby Sidney Crosby 2019-01-06 1.jpg
Sidney Crosby
Ryan Lavarnway Ryan Lavarnway 2012.jpg
Ryan Lavarnway
James Buckley James Buckley 2009.jpg
James Buckley
Tim Tebow Tim Tebow in the dugout.jpg
Tim Tebow
Mischa Zverev Zverev M. WMQ16 (7) (28177277456).jpg
Mischa Zverev
Blake Lively Cannes 090 (27830786580).jpg
Blake Lively
Amy Macdonald Amy MacDonald-9546.jpg
Amy Macdonald

September

Evan Rachel Wood Evan rachel wood 2017 2b.jpg
Evan Rachel Wood
Ray Fisher Ray Fisher by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Ray Fisher
Wiz Khalifa Wiz Khalifa Stavernfestivalen 2018 (231822).jpg
Wiz Khalifa
Tyler Hoechlin Tyler Hoechlin SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg
Tyler Hoechlin
Elizabeth Henstridge Elizabeth Henstridge Wondercon 2016.jpg
Elizabeth Henstridge
Danielle Panabaker Danielle Panabaker at H&V Fan Fest 2016.jpg
Danielle Panabaker
Tom Felton Tom Felton 02 (20673956413).jpg
Tom Felton
Grey Damon Grey Damon by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Grey Damon
Skylar Astin Skylar Astin (37892299484).jpg
Skylar Astin
Hilary Duff Hilary Duff (35661671285) (cropped).jpg
Hilary Duff

October

Matthew Daddario Matthew Daddario Wondercon 2016.jpg
Matthew Daddario
Christopher Larkin Christopher Larkin by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Christopher Larkin
Zuleyka Rivera Zuleyka Rivera, Red Dress Collection 2007.jpg
Zuleyka Rivera
Jay Pharoah Jay Pharoah by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Jay Pharoah
Zac Efron Zac Efron in 2017.jpg
Zac Efron

November

Kevin Jonas KevinJonasSep10 2.jpg
Kevin Jonas
Giles Matthey Giles Matthey (cropped).jpg
Giles Matthey
Dimitri Leonidas Dimitri Leonidas 2014.jpg
Dimitri Leonidas
Jake Abel Jake Abel (16774287130).jpg
Jake Abel
Karen Gillan Karen Gillan (34609339830) (cropped) retouched.jpg
Karen Gillan

December

Michael Angarano Michael Angarano 2017.jpg
Michael Angarano
Jack DeSena Jack De Sena.jpg
Jack DeSena
Aaron Carter Aaron Carter Performing at the Gramercy Theatre - Photo by Peter Dzubay (cropped).jpg
Aaron Carter
Michael Socha Michael Socha 2014 (cropped).jpg
Michael Socha
Karim Benzema CSKA-RM18 (11).jpg
Karim Benzema
Thomas Dekker Thomas Dekker (4701156311).jpg
Thomas Dekker
Iain De Caestecker Iain De Caestecker by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Iain De Caestecker

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December


January

Hakan Malmrot Hakan Malmrot 1920.jpg
Håkan Malmrot
Ray Bolger Ray Bolger 1942.jpg
Ray Bolger
Norman McLaren Norman McLaren drawing on film - 1944.jpg
Norman McLaren

February

Prince Takamatsu Takamatsunomiya nobuhito.jpg
Prince Takamatsu
Liberace Liberace 8 Allan Warren.jpg
Liberace
Hans Rosenthal Hans Rosenthal Autogrammbild.jpg
Hans Rosenthal
Mark Ashton Mark Ashton 1986.png
Mark Ashton
Andy Warhol Andy Warhol 1975.jpg
Andy Warhol

March

Randolph Scott Randolph Scott-publicity.JPG
Randolph Scott
Danny Kaye Kaye, Danny.jpg
Danny Kaye
Robert Preston Robert Preston-publicity.jpg
Robert Preston

April

Leabua Jonathan Minister-president Jonathan van Lesotho (1970).jpg
Leabua Jonathan
Erskine Caldwell Erskine Caldwell 1975.jpg
Erskine Caldwell
Dick Shawn Dick Shawn 1964.JPG
Dick Shawn

May

Dalida Dalida 1974.jpg
Dalida
Rita Hayworth Hayworth-Gilda-1946-Color.jpg
Rita Hayworth
Gunnar Myrdal Gunnar Myrdal 1964 002 (cropped).jpg
Gunnar Myrdal

June

Geraldine Page Geraldine Page 1956 press photo.jpg
Geraldine Page
Fred Astaire Astaire, Fred - Never Get Rich.jpg
Fred Astaire
Jackie Gleason Jackie Gleason - 1966.jpg
Jackie Gleason

July

Abdul Halim Abdul Halim Prime Minister.jpg
Abdul Halim
Yujiro Ishihara Chui kiIp minoYang Zi (1957Nian ).jpg
Yujiro Ishihara
Richard Egan Richard Egan 1949.JPG
Richard Egan
Jack Renshaw JackRenshaw1963.jpg
Jack Renshaw

August

Rudolf Hess Bundesarchiv Bild 146II-849, Rudolf Hess.jpg
Rudolf Hess
Hayden Rorke Hayden Rorke I Dream of Jeannie 1968.JPG
Hayden Rorke
John Huston John Huston - publicity.JPG
John Huston
Lee Marvin Lee marvin 1971.JPG
Lee Marvin

September

Lorne Greene Lorne Greene - 1969.jpg
Lorne Greene
Americo Tomas Americo Tomas.png
Américo Tomás
Einar Gerhardsen Einar Gerhardsen 1945.jpeg
Einar Gerhardsen
Jaco Pastorius Jaco pastorius 87.jpg
Jaco Pastorius
Mary Astor Mary Astor-1930s.JPG
Mary Astor

October

Clare Boothe Luce Clare boothe.jpg
Clare Boothe Luce
William P. Murphy William P Murphy.jpg
William P. Murphy
Alf Landon LandonPortr.jpg
Alf Landon
Fahri Koruturk Fahri Koruturk.jpg
Fahri Korutürk

November

Rene Levesque Rene Levesque BAnQ P243S1D865.jpg
René Lévesque
Seyni Kountche Seyni Kountche 1983 cropped.jpg
Seyni Kountché

December

James Baldwin James Baldwin 37 Allan Warren.jpg
James Baldwin
Marcos Calderon Marcos Calderon 1975 Copa America.png
Marcos Calderón
Bernardus Johannes Alfrink Kardinaal Alfrink.JPG
Bernardus Johannes Alfrink
Joop den Uyl Joop den Uyl 1975.jpg
Joop den Uyl

In fiction

The following are references to year 1987 in fiction:

Film

Television

Manga

Video games

The following games were released in 1987 –

Novel

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1970s decade.

1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade.

1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1993rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 993rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1990s decade.

1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1997th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 997th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1990s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1998th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 998th year of the 2nd millennium, the 98th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1990s decade.

1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1974th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 974th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1970s decade.

1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1995th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 995th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1990s decade. This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding. America Online and Prodigy offered access to the World Wide Web system for the first time this year, releasing browsers that made it easily accessible to the general public.

1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1976th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 976th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1970s decade.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1972nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 972nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1970s decade.

1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1973rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 973rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1970s decade.

1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1978th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 978th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1970s decade.

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1982nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 982nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1980s decade.

1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1986th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 986th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1985th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 985th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. "And Baby Makes Five Billion – U.N. Hails a Yugoslav Infant – NYTimes.com". July 12, 1987.
  2. "Accidental and fatal ejection over southern England [Archive] – PPRuNe Forums". pprune.org.
  3. "Russia's Demographic Decline Continues". prb.org.
  4. Fickenscher, Lisa. "The Bice empire comes back from the brink". News. Crains New York Business. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  5. Doi, Hitoshi. "Kitamura Eri". Seiyuu Database. Archived from the original on April 6, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2016.