December 18

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December 18 is the 352nd day of the year(353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 13 days remain until the end of the year.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

218 BC Year

Year 218 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Scipio and Longus. The denomination 218 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Second Punic War second war between the Roman Republic and Carthage, fought between 218 and 201 BCE

The Second Punic War, also referred to as The Hannibalic War and by the Romans the War Against Hannibal, was the second of three Punic Wars between Ancient Carthage and the Roman Republic, with the participation of Greek polities and Numidian and Iberian forces on both sides. It was one of the deadliest human conflicts of ancient times. Fought across the entire Western Mediterranean region for 17 years and regarded by ancient historians as the greatest war in history, it was waged with unparalleled resources, skill, and hatred. It saw hundreds of thousands killed, some of the most lethal battles in military history, the destruction of cities, and massacres and enslavements of civilian populations and prisoners of war by both sides.

Battle of the Trebia first major battle of the Second Punic War

The Battle of the Trebia was the first major battle of the Second Punic War, fought between the Carthaginian forces of Hannibal and the Roman Republic in December of 218 BC, on or around the winter solstice. It was a resounding Roman defeat with heavy losses, with only about 10,000 out of 40,000 Romans surviving and retreating to Placentia (Piacenza). In this battle, Hannibal got the better of the Romans by exercising the careful and innovative planning for which he was famous. The impetuous and short-sighted opposing general, the consul Tiberius Sempronius Longus, allowed himself to be provoked into a frontal assault under physically difficult circumstances and failed to see that he was being led into a trap.

Births

Year 1406 (MCDVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Richard Olivier de Longueil (1406–1470) was a French Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.

A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.

Deaths

919 Year

Year 919 (CMXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Lady Wu, formally Lady Zhuangmu of Wuyue (吳越莊穆夫人), was the wife of Qian Liu, the first king of the Chinese state Wuyue of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

Qian Liu King of Wuyue

Qian Liu, known as Qian Poliu during his childhood, was a warlord of the late Tang dynasty who founded the Wuyue kingdom.

Holidays and observances

Calendar of saints Christian liturgical calendar celebrating saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint. The word "feast" in this context does not mean "a large meal, typically a celebratory one", but instead "an annual religious celebration, a day dedicated to a particular saint".

The Feast of the Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary was a Catholic Feast that was originally celebrated in Spain, but started to be celebrated in other Catholic countries. It is not on the universal calendar, but is still commemorated on December 18 in some places such as Spain, Portugal, Italy and Poland as well as in a few religious orders.

Flannán mac Toirrdelbaig was an Irish saint who lived in the 7th century and was the son of an Irish chieftain, Turlough of Thomond. He entered Mo Lua's monastery at Killaloe, where it is believed he became an Abbot. He is remembered as a great preacher.

Related Research Articles

August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 128 days remain until the end of the year.

April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 266 days remain until the end of the year.

April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 268 days remain until the end of the year.

December 8 is the 342nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 23 days remain until the end of the year.

December 6 is the 340th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 25 days remain until the end of the year.

June 21 is the 172nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 193 days remain until the end of the year.

July 27 is the 208th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 157 days remain until the end of the year.

January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 353 days remain until the end of the year.

July 23 is the 204th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 161 days remain until the end of the year.

May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 231 days remain until the end of the year.

March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 301 days remain until the end of the year.

March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 285 days remain until the end of the year.

November 22 is the 326th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 39 days remain until the end of the year.

November 7 is the 311th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 54 days remain until the end of the year.

October 10 is the 283rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 82 days remain until the end of the year.

October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 84 days remain until the end of the year.

September 16 is the 259th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 106 days remain until the end of the year.

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 108 days remain until the end of the year.

September 5 is the 248th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 117 days remain until the end of the year.

September 25 is the 268th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 97 days remain until the end of the year.

References

  1. An Act for the abolition of feudal rights and duties in Lower Canada , S.Prov.C. 1854, c. 3
  2. Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-8-54F N8047U Kaysville, UT". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
  3. "NASA MISR Images". jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  4. Findly, Ellison Banks (1993-03-25). Nur Jahan: Empress of Mughal India. Oxford University Press. p. 291. ISBN   978-0-19-536060-8.
  5. José Justo Corro, Busca Biografias, retrieved May 27, 2019