1972

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1972 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1972
MCMLXXII
Ab urbe condita 2725
Armenian calendar 1421
ԹՎ ՌՆԻԱ
Assyrian calendar 6722
Bahá'í calendar 128–129
Balinese saka calendar 1893–1894
Bengali calendar 1379
Berber calendar 2922
British Regnal year 20  Eliz. 2   21  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2516
Burmese calendar 1334
Byzantine calendar 7480–7481
Chinese calendar 辛亥(Metal  Pig)
4668 or 4608
     to 
壬子年 (Water  Rat)
4669 or 4609
Coptic calendar 1688–1689
Discordian calendar 3138
Ethiopian calendar 1964–1965
Hebrew calendar 5732–5733
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2028–2029
 - Shaka Samvat 1893–1894
 - Kali Yuga 5072–5073
Holocene calendar 11972
Igbo calendar 972–973
Iranian calendar 1350–1351
Islamic calendar 1391–1392
Japanese calendar Shōwa 47
(昭和47年)
Javanese calendar 1903–1904
Juche calendar 61
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4305
Minguo calendar ROC 61
民國61年
Nanakshahi calendar 504
Thai solar calendar 2515
Tibetan calendar 阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
2098 or 1717 or 945
     to 
阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
2099 or 1718 or 946
Unix time 63072000 – 94694399

1972 ( MCMLXXII ) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1972nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 972nd year of the 2nd millennium , the 72nd year of the 20th century , and the 3rd year of the 1970s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

A leap year starting on Saturday is any year with 366 days that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are BA, such as the years 1916, 1944, 1972, 2000, and 2028 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2012 and 2040 in the obsolete Julian calendar. In the Gregorian calendar all centennial leap years start on Saturday; the next such year will be 2400, see below for more.

Contents

Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated. (If its start and end are defined using mean solar time [the legal time scale], its duration was 31622401.141 seconds of Terrestrial Time (or Ephemeris Time), which is slightly shorter than 1908). [1]

Coordinated Universal Time Primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time

Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about 1 second of mean solar time at 0° longitude, and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. In some countries where English is spoken, the term Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is often used as a synonym for UTC and predates UTC by nearly 300 years.

Leap second Extra second inserted to keep civil time in sync with the Earths rotation

A leap second is a one-second adjustment that is occasionally applied to civil time Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) to keep it close to the mean solar time at Greenwich, in spite of the Earth's rotation slowdown and irregularities. UTC was introduced on January 1, 1972, initially with a 10 second lag behind International Atomic Time (TAI). Since that date, 27 leap seconds have been inserted, the most recent on December 31, 2016 at 23:59:60 UTC, so in 2018, UTC lags behind TAI by an offset of 37 seconds.

Solar time calculation of elapsed time by the apparent position of the sun

Solar time is a calculation of the passage of time based on the position of the Sun in the sky. The fundamental unit of solar time is the day. Two types of solar time are apparent solar time and mean solar time.

Events

January

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Kurt Waldheim 4th Secretary-General of the United Nations, President of Austria

Kurt Josef Waldheim was an Austrian diplomat and politician. Waldheim was the fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and President of Austria from 1986 to 1992. While he was running for the latter office in the 1986 election, the revelation of his service in Thessaloniki, Greece and in Yugoslavia, as an intelligence officer in Nazi Germany's Wehrmacht during World War II raised international controversy.

Secretary-General of the United Nations head of the United Nations Secretariat

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. The Secretary-General serves as the chief administrative officer of the United Nations. The role of the United Nations Secretariat, and of the Secretary-General in particular, is laid out by Chapter XV of the United Nations Charter.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January

Lilian Thuram Lilian Thuram - Fevrier 2013.jpg
Lilian Thuram
Jang Seo-hee Jang Seo-hee at The Exhibition of Three Korean Artists at Today Art Museum in Beijing, China.jpg
Jang Seo-hee
Sakis Rouvas Sakis Rouvas in Moscow.jpg
Sakis Rouvas
Amanda Peet Amanda Peet September 2014 (cropped).jpg
Amanda Peet
Claudia Winkleman Claudia Winkleman.jpg
Claudia Winkleman
Nikki Haley Nikki Haley official photo.jpg
Nikki Haley
Mark Owen Take That (3604354113).jpg
Mark Owen

February

Dana International PikiWiki Israel 48024 Dana International in Ramat Gan.JPG
Dana International
Kristopher Carter Kristopher Carter by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Kristopher Carter
Robyn Lively Robyn Lively - November 2014 (cropped).jpg
Robyn Lively
Crispin Freeman Crispin Freeman.jpg
Crispin Freeman
Jaromir Jagr Jaromir Jagr Prague.jpg
Jaromír Jágr
Billie Joe Armstrong RiP2013 GreenDay Billie Joe Armstrong 0021.jpg
Billie Joe Armstrong
Olexandra Timoshenko Alexandra Timoshenko 1992 Alicante.PNG
Olexandra Timoshenko
Keith Ferguson Keith Ferguson - VO Actor.jpg
Keith Ferguson
Pedro Sanchez Pedro Sanchez in 2018c.jpg
Pedro Sánchez

March

Shaquille O'Neal Shaquille O'Neal in 2011 (cropped).jpg
Shaquille O'Neal
Leigh-Allyn Baker Leigh-Allyn Baker February 2015.jpg
Leigh-Allyn Baker
Common 9.13.11CommonByLuigiNovi2.jpg
Common
Mark Hoppus Mark Hoppus 2004.jpg
Mark Hoppus
Dane Cook Dane Cook ComicCon (cropped).JPG
Dane Cook
Leslie Mann Leslie Mann 3, 2012.jpg
Leslie Mann
Nick Frost Nick Frost by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Nick Frost

April

Tim Peake Peaketim.jpg
Tim Peake
Jennifer Garner Jennifer Garner 2013.jpg
Jennifer Garner
Carmen Electra Carmen Electra 2013.jpg
Carmen Electra
Zeljko Joksimovic Zeljko Joksimovic (Eurovision Song Contest 2012) 2.jpg
Željko Joksimović

May

Julie Benz Julie Benz cropped 2010.jpg
Julie Benz
Dwayne Johnson Dwayne Johnson 2, 2013.jpg
Dwayne Johnson
Daniela Silivas Daniela Silivas 1987.jpg
Daniela Silivaș
Khary Payton Khary Payton, at MCM London Comic Con, May 2018.jpg
Khary Payton
Stephanie Nadolny Stephanie Nadolny.jpg
Stephanie Nadolny
Alison Eastwood Alison Eastwood 2012.jpg
Alison Eastwood

June

Rick Gomez Rick Gomez.jpg
Rick Gomez
Wayne Brady Wayne Brady 2015.jpg
Wayne Brady
Karl Urban Karl Urban by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Karl Urban
Rikrok Ricardo RikRok Ducent.jpg
Rikrok
C. H. Greenblatt C. H. Greenblatt SDCC 2009 (crop 2).jpg
C. H. Greenblatt
Jean Dujardin Jean Dujardin Cesars 2017 (cropped).jpg
Jean Dujardin
Zinedine Zidane Zinedine Zidane by Tasnim 03.jpg
Zinedine Zidane
Maria Butyrskaya Butyrskaia Mariia.jpg
Maria Butyrskaya

July

Robert Esmie Robert-esmie.jpg
Robert Esmie
Sofia Vergara Sofia Vergara at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg
Sofía Vergara
Andrew Holness Andrew Holness cropped.jpg
Andrew Holness
Maya Rudolph Maya Rudolph.jpg
Maya Rudolph
Wil Wheaton 6.29.13WilWheatonByLuigiNovi1.jpg
Wil Wheaton

August

Devon Hughes D-Von Dudley WrestleMania 32 Axxess.jpg
Devon Hughes
Geri Halliwell Geri Halliwell attends New Year's Eve Party.jpg
Geri Halliwell
Michael Sinterniklaas 41st Annie Awards, Michael Sinterniklaas.jpg
Michael Sinterniklaas
Ben Affleck Ben Affleck by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Ben Affleck
Jimmy Pop Jimmy Pop.jpg
Jimmy Pop
Cameron Diaz CameronDiazByCarolineRenouard2010.jpg
Cameron Diaz

September

Idris Elba Idris Elba-4580 (cropped).jpg
Idris Elba
Natasha Kaplinsky Natasha Kaplinsky 2014.jpg
Natasha Kaplinsky
Jimmy Carr Jimmy Carr, 2015-04-13 3 (crop).jpg
Jimmy Carr
Vebjorn Rodal Vebjorn Rodal Klabu2010.jpg
Vebjørn Rodal
Liam Gallagher Liam Gallagher.jpg
Liam Gallagher
Karl Pilkington Karl Pilkington 2008 cropped.jpg
Karl Pilkington
Beto O'Rourke Beto O'Rourke, Official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Beto O’Rourke
Gwyneth Paltrow GwynethPaltrowByAndreaRaffin2011.jpg
Gwyneth Paltrow
Dita Von Teese Dita Von Teese at Cannes 2007.jpg
Dita Von Teese

October

Eminem Eminem DJ Hero.jpg
Eminem
Gabrielle Union GabrielleUnionFeb09 cropped.jpg
Gabrielle Union
Sandra Kim Sandra Kim, 22 septembre 2012.jpg
Sandra Kim
Tarkan Tarkan (9).jpg
Tarkan
Matt Dawson Matt Dawson UNICEF cropped.jpg
Matt Dawson

November

Jenny McCarthy Jenny McCarthy at E3 2006.jpg
Jenny McCarthy
Samantha Womack Samantha Womack 2016.jpg
Samantha Womack
Thandie Newton Thandie Newton by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Thandie Newton
Rebecca Romijn Rebecca Romijn in Marchesa 2.jpg
Rebecca Romijn
Eric Dane Eric Dane March 2015.jpg
Eric Dane
Trevor Devall Trevor DevallCC2016.jpg
Trevor Devall
Josh Duhamel Josh Duhamel SXSW 2017 (cropped).jpg
Josh Duhamel
Jonny Lee Miller Jonny Lee Miller Comic-Con 2012 (cropped).jpg
Jonny Lee Miller

December

Daniel Alfredsson Daniel Alfredsson 2013-05-24.JPG
Daniel Alfredsson
Miranda Hart Miranda Hart in 2011.jpg
Miranda Hart
Alyssa Milano 9.12.15AlyssaMilanoByLuigiNovi17.jpg
Alyssa Milano
Jude Law Jude Law - Headshot.jpg
Jude Law

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Maurice Chevalier Maurice Chevalier-publicity.jpg
Maurice Chevalier
King Frederick IX of Denmark Frederick IX of Denmark.jpg
King Frederick IX of Denmark
Mohammad Al-Abbasi Mohammad Daoud Profile Picture.jpg
Mohammad Al-Abbasi
Mahalia Jackson Mahalia Jackson 1962, van Vechten, LC-USZ62-91314.jpg
Mahalia Jackson
King Mahendra of Nepal Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah.jpg
King Mahendra of Nepal

February

Maria Goeppert-Mayer Maria Goeppert-Mayer.jpg
Maria Goeppert-Mayer

March

April

Ferde Grofe Ferde Grofe.jpg
Ferde Grofé
Heinrich Lubke Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1994-034-22A, Heinrich Lubke.jpg
Heinrich Lübke
Abeid Karume Abeid Karume 1964.jpg
Abeid Karume
August Zaleski Bundesarchiv Bild 102-11032, August Zaleski.jpg
August Zaleski
Kwame Nkrumah Kwame Nkrumah (JFKWHP-AR6409-A).jpg
Kwame Nkrumah

May

J. Edgar Hoover Hoover-JEdgar-LOC.jpg
J. Edgar Hoover
Lee Beom-seok ibeomseog.JPG
Lee Beom-seok
Edward VIII Edward Prince of Wales during his visit to Canada in 1919.jpg
Edward VIII

June

Joe Deakin Joe Deakin 1908.jpg
Joe Deakin

July

Raul Leoni Raul Leoni 1965.jpg
Raúl Leoni
Talal of Jordan Talal of Jordan.jpg
Talal of Jordan
Alfons Gorbach Alfons Gorbach 1965.jpg
Alfons Gorbach
Paul-Henri Spaak Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg
Paul-Henri Spaak

August

Max Theiler Max Theiler nobel.jpg
Max Theiler
Juan Manuel Galvez Juan Manuel Galvez.jpg
Juan Manuel Gálvez

September

Warren Kealoha Warren Kealoha 1924.jpg
Warren Kealoha
Max Fleischer MaxFleischerPDUS.JPG
Max Fleischer

October

Louis Leakey Louis Leakey.jpg
Louis Leakey
Edward Cook Edward Cook (athlete) 1908.jpg
Edward Cook
Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson, Brooklyn Dodgers, 1954.jpg
Jackie Robinson

November

Ezra Pound Ezra Pound passport photograph undated.jpg
Ezra Pound
Arnold Jackson Arnold Jackson 1912.jpg
Arnold Jackson

December

Antonio Segni Antonio Segni Official.jpg
Antonio Segni
Rene Mayer Rene Mayer.jpg
René Mayer
Harry Truman Harry S. Truman.jpg
Harry Truman

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Other academic awards

Related Research Articles

1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1970s decade.

1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1964th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 964th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1960s decade.

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1969 Year

1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1969th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 969th year of the 2nd millennium, the 69th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1960s decade. The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon, the creation of the internet, and the commencement of the Gay Rights Movement.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1960s decade.

1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 968th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade. This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1962nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 962nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1960s decade.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1973rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 973rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1970s decade.

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1982nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 982nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1980s decade.

1986 Year

1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1986th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 986th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. Stephenson, F. R.; Morrison, L. V. (1984). "Long-Term Changes in the Rotation of the Earth: 700 B. C. to A. D. 1980". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. Royal Society. 313 (1524): 47–70. Bibcode:1984RSPTA.313...47S. doi:10.1098/rsta.1984.0082.
  2. "UK unemployment tops one million". On This Day. BBC. January 20, 1972. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
  3. 1 2 "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict – 1972". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  4. "Claudy bomb: conspiracy allowed IRA priest to go free". BBC News Northern Ireland. August 24, 2010. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
  5. Tagliaferri, Edward (November – December 1998). "Observation of Meteoroid Impacts by Space-Based Sensors". Mercury Magazine. astrosociety.org. 27 (6). Archived from the original on October 20, 2007.
  6. MatchGameForever (May 26, 2013), Price Is Right First Episode (9-4-1972) , retrieved September 22, 2018
  7. Francisco, Katerina (September 22, 2016). "Martial Law, the dark chapter in Philippine history". Rappler. Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  8. "The Fall of the Dictatorship". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on September 3, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  9. "Crash at Farrell's". Archived from the original on March 20, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
  10. Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain), Middle East annual review, (1975), p.229
  11. Jackson, David A.; Symons, Robert H; Berg, Paul (1972). "Biochemical Method for Inserting New Genetic Information into DNA of Simian Virus 40: Circular SV40 DNA Molecules Containing Lambda Phage Genes and the Galactose Operon of Escherichia coli". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 69 (10): 2904–2909. Bibcode:1972PNAS...69.2904J. doi:10.1073/pnas.69.10.2904. PMC   389671 . PMID   4342968.
  12. "What Happened on October 6, 1972". OnThisDay.com. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  13. Greenfeter, Yael (November 4, 2010). "Israel in shock as Munich killers freed". Haaretz . Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  14. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) (November 16, 1972). "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  15. "*Ø* Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | November 29 | International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People Die Grünen Petra Kelly". Wilsonsalmanac.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2012. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  16. "Doner kebab 'inventor' Kadir Nurman dies in Berlin". BBC News . October 26, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  17. James Ramsden (October 28, 2013). "Did Kadir Nurman really invent the doner kebab?". The Guardian. Retrieved May 6, 2016.