December 14

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December 14 is the 348th day of the year(349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.There are 17 days remaining until the end of the year.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

557 Year

Year 557 (DLVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 557 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Constantinople capital city of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, the Latin and the Ottoman Empire

Constantinople was the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), of the Byzantine Empire, and also of the brief Crusader state known as the Latin Empire (1204–1261), until finally falling to the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923). It was reinaugurated in 324 from ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great, after whom it was named, and dedicated on 11 May 330. The city was located in what is now the European side and the core of modern Istanbul.

557 Constantinople earthquake

The 557 Constantinople earthquake took place on the night of December 14. This earthquake, described in the works of Agathias, John Malalas, and Theophanes the Confessor, caused great damage to Constantinople, then capital of the Byzantine Empire in a region frequently afflicted with earthquakes. More minor quakes had preceded the large event, including two in April and October respectively. The main quake in December was of unparalleled ferocity, and "almost completely razed" the city. It caused damage to the Hagia Sophia which contributed to the collapse of its dome the next year, as well as damaging the walls of Constantinople to the extent that Hun invaders were able to penetrate it with ease the following season.

Births

1009 Year

Year in topic Year 1009 (MIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Emperor Go-Suzaku was the 69th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

Year 1332 (MCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

618 Year

Year 618 (DCXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 618 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Xue Rengao (薛仁杲), also known as Xue Renguo (薛仁果), was an emperor of the short-lived state of Qin, established by his father Xue Ju at the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty. Xue Rengao was regarded as a fierce general but overly cruel, and he was only emperor for three months before he was forced to surrender to the Tang Dynasty general Li Shimin and was executed.

704 Year

Year 704 (DCCIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 704 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Holidays and observances

Saint Folcwin was a Frankish abbot, cleric and Bishop of Thérouanne. He was a contemporary of Notker of Liege.

John of the Cross Spanish mystic and Roman Catholic saint

John of the Cross was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, a Roman Catholic saint, a Carmelite friar and a priest, who was born at Fontiveros, Old Castile.

Matronian hermit

Saint Matronian (U.S.) was a hermit of Milan. It is recorded that Saint Ambrose enshrined Matronian's relics in the church of San Nazaro Maggiore in Milan.

Related Research Articles

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December 31 is the 365th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Years Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day. It is the last day of the year. The following day is January 1 of the following year.

December 9 is the 343rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 22 days remaining until the end of the year.

July 10 is the 191st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 174 days remaining until the end of the year.

June 21 is the 172nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 193 days remaining until the end of the year.

May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 232 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 5 is the 309th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 56 days remaining until the end of the year.

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October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 87 days remaining until the end of the year.

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October 18 is the 291st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 74 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 16 is the 289th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 76 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 108 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 13 is the 256th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 109 days remaining until the end of the year.

March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 286 days remaining until the end of the year. Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere.

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References

  1. Vogel, Michelle (2012). Lupe Velez: The Life and Career of Hollywood's Mexican Spitfire. McFarland. p. 153. ISBN   0-7864-8997-9.