1918

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1918 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1918
MCMXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2671
Armenian calendar 1367
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԷ
Assyrian calendar 6668
Bahá'í calendar 74–75
Balinese saka calendar 1839–1840
Bengali calendar 1325
Berber calendar 2868
British Regnal year 8  Geo. 5   9  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2462
Burmese calendar 1280
Byzantine calendar 7426–7427
Chinese calendar 丁巳(Fire  Snake)
4614 or 4554
     to 
戊午年 (Earth  Horse)
4615 or 4555
Coptic calendar 1634–1635
Discordian calendar 3084
Ethiopian calendar 1910–1911
Hebrew calendar 5678–5679
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1974–1975
 - Shaka Samvat 1839–1840
 - Kali Yuga 5018–5019
Holocene calendar 11918
Igbo calendar 918–919
Iranian calendar 1296–1297
Islamic calendar 1336–1337
Japanese calendar Taishō 7
(大正7年)
Javanese calendar 1848–1849
Juche calendar 7
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4251
Minguo calendar ROC 7
民國7年
Nanakshahi calendar 450
Thai solar calendar 2460–2461
Tibetan calendar 阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
2044 or 1663 or 891
     to 
阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
2045 or 1664 or 892

1918 ( MCMXVIII ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar , the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium , the 18th year of the 20th century , and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the Spanish flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

Events

Below, events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

February 16: The Act of Independence of Lithuania

January

February

February 23: Estonian Declaration of Independence

March

April

Styles of Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, as presented in a vaudeville circuit pantomime and sketched by Marguerite Martyn of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in April 1918

May

June

June 10: Austro-Hungarian battleship Szent István sunk by Italian torpedo boats
Szent István

July

July 17: Execution of the Romanov family

August

August 30: Attempted assassination of Lenin, depicted by Vladimir Pchelin

September

October

November

November 9: Proclamation of German Republic by Philipp Scheidemann in Berlin on the Reichstag balcony
November 11: Signatories to the Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), ending WWI, pose outside Marshal Foch's railway carriage
November 11: Front page of The New York Times on Armistice Day

December

Flag of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Date unknown

Births

January

João Figueiredo
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Kamal Amrohi
Nicolae Ceaușescu

February

Julian Schwinger
Otis R. Bowen

March

João Goulart
James Tobin
Frederick Reines
Cheddi Jagan
Howard Cosell
Pearl Bailey

April

Betty Ford
William Holden
Kai Siegbahn

May

Mike Wallace
Richard Feynman
Yasuhiro Nakasone

June

Robert Preston
Patachou
François Tombalbaye
Franco Modigliani

July

Francisco Moncion
Sebastian Cabot
Ingmar Bergman
Bertram Brockhouse
Nelson Mandela
Paul D. Boyer

August

Frederick Sanger
Shankar Dayal Sharma
Leonard Bernstein
Alejandro Agustín Lanusse

September

Paul Harvey
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
Chaim Herzog

October

Jens Christian Skou
Rita Hayworth
Konstantinos Mitsotakis

November

Art Carney
Billy Graham
Spiro Agnew
Patricio Aylwin

December

Kurt Waldheim
Helmut Schmidt
Anwar Sadat

Date Unknown

Deaths

January

Georg Cantor
María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña

February

Gustav Klimt
Sultan Abdul Hamid II

March

Claude Debussy
Martin Sheridan

April

King George Tupou II of Tonga
Karl Ferdinand Braun
Manfred von Richthofen

May

Maria Magdalena Merten

June

Kyrion II of Georgia

July

Sultan Mehmed V
Quentin Roosevelt
Emperor Nicholas II of Russia
Henry Macintosh

August

Marianne Cope

September

George Reid
Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
Prince Erik, Duke of Vastmanland

October

November

Wilfred Owen

December

Sidónio Pais
Sultan Ali bin Hamud of Zanzibar

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. "Historical Concert for the Benefit of Widows and Orphans". World Digital Library. 2014-02-10. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
  2. Barry, John M. (2005). The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN   978-0143036494.
  3. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  4. Shores, Christopher (1969). Finnish Air Force, 1918–1968. Reading, Berkshire, UK: Osprey Publications Ltd. p. 3. ISBN   978-0668021210.
  5. Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 355–356. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  6. Royal Canadian Legion Branch # 138."2-Minute Wave of Silence" Revives a Time-honoured Tradition. Accessed on 5 June 2014.
  7. The first was from Allahabad to Naini Junction in India on 18 February 1911, and the second from London to Windsor Castle on 22 June 1911.
  8. "Women's Right to Vote in Canada". lop.parl.ca. Retrieved 2018-02-22.
  9. "La Grippe Espagnole de 1918". Institut Pasteur. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  10. "Carpathia Sunk; 5 of Crew Killed" (PDF). The New York Times . 20 July 1918. p. 4.
  11. "Warilda". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
  12. Lichfield, John (2014-07-07). "A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The 'blackest day' of the German army". The Independent . London. Retrieved 2014-07-07.
  13. Werth, Nicolas; Bartosek, Karel; Panne, Jean-Louis; Margolin, Jean-Louis; Paczkowski, Andrzej; Courtois, Stephane (1999). The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 74. ISBN   0-674-07608-7.
  14. Pitt, Barrie (2003). 1918: The Last Act. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. ISBN   0-85052-974-3.
  15. Massie, Robert K. (2004). Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea . New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN   0-345-40878-0.
  16. Biger, Gideon (2004). The Boundaries of Modern Palestine, 1840–1947. London: Routledge. pp. 55, 164. ISBN   978-0-7146-5654-0 . Retrieved 2009-05-02.
  17. Wainwright, Martin (23 August 2010). "British warships sunk 90 years ago found off Estonian coast". The Guardian . London. Retrieved 2010-08-24.
  18. Ward, Margaret (1983). Unmanageable Revolutionaries: Women and Irish nationalism. London: Pluto Press. p. 137. ISBN   0-86104-700-1.

Further reading

Primary sources and year books