1918

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1918 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1918
MCMXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2671
Armenian calendar 1367
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԷ
Assyrian calendar 6668
Bahá'í calendar 74–75
Balinese saka calendar 1839–1840
Bengali calendar 1325
Berber calendar 2868
British Regnal year 8  Geo. 5   9  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2462
Burmese calendar 1280
Byzantine calendar 7426–7427
Chinese calendar 丁巳(Fire  Snake)
4614 or 4554
     to 
戊午年 (Earth  Horse)
4615 or 4555
Coptic calendar 1634–1635
Discordian calendar 3084
Ethiopian calendar 1910–1911
Hebrew calendar 5678–5679
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1974–1975
 - Shaka Samvat 1839–1840
 - Kali Yuga 5018–5019
Holocene calendar 11918
Igbo calendar 918–919
Iranian calendar 1296–1297
Islamic calendar 1336–1337
Japanese calendar Taishō 7
(大正7年)
Javanese calendar 1848–1849
Juche calendar 7
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4251
Minguo calendar ROC 7
民國7年
Nanakshahi calendar 450
Thai solar calendar 2460–2461
Tibetan calendar 阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
2044 or 1663 or 891
     to 
阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
2045 or 1664 or 892

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

This year is noted for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the Spanish flu pandemic that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

Events

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

February 16: The Act of Independence of Lithuania Nepriklausomybes aktas.gif
February 16: The Act of Independence of Lithuania

January

February

February 23: Estonian Declaration of Independence Declaration of Estonian independence in Parnu.jpg
February 23: Estonian Declaration of Independence

March

April

Styles of Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, as presented in a vaudeville circuit pantomime and sketched by Marguerite Martyn of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in April 1918 Lady Duff Gordon styles sketched by Marguerite Martyn, 1918.jpg
Styles of Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, as presented in a vaudeville circuit pantomime and sketched by Marguerite Martyn of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in April 1918

May

June

June 10: Austro-Hungarian battleship Szent Istvan sunk by Italian torpedo boats Bundesarchiv Bild 134-C1133, Szent Istvan, Sinkendes Linienschiff.jpg
June 10: Austro-Hungarian battleship Szent István sunk by Italian torpedo boats
Szent Istvan Bundesarchiv Bild 134-C2280, Szent Istvan, Sinkendes Linienschiff.jpg
Szent István

July

July 17: Execution of the Romanov family Family in 1913.jpg
July 17: Execution of the Romanov family

August

August 30: Attempted assassination of Lenin, depicted by Vladimir Pchelin Lenin attempt.jpg
August 30: Attempted assassination of Lenin, depicted by Vladimir Pchelin

September

October

November

November 9: Proclamation of German Republic by Philipp Scheidemann in Berlin on the Reichstag balcony Ausrufung Republik Scheidemann.jpg
November 9: Proclamation of German Republic by Philipp Scheidemann in Berlin on the Reichstag balcony
Signatories to the Armistice of 11 November 1918 with Germany, ending WWI, pose outside Marshal Foch's railway carriage Armisticetrain.jpg
Signatories to the Armistice of 11 November 1918 with Germany, ending WWI, pose outside Marshal Foch's railway carriage
November 11: Front page of The New York Times on Armistice Day NYTimes-Page1-11-11-1918.jpg
November 11: Front page of The New York Times on Armistice Day

December

Flag of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg
Flag of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Joao Figueiredo Figueiredo (colour).jpg
João Figueiredo
Gamal Abdel Nasser Nasser portrait2.jpg
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Kamal Amrohi Kamal Amrohi (28553611573).jpg
Kamal Amrohi
Nicolae Ceausescu Nicolae Ceausescu.jpg
Nicolae Ceaușescu
John Forsythe John Forsythe - 1958.jpg
John Forsythe
Bazilije Pandzic Bazilije Stjepan Pandzic Zagreb 2011-06-24.JPG
Bazilije Pandžić

February

Hella Haasse Hella Haasse.jpg
Hella Haasse
Joey Bishop Joey Bishop 1967.JPG
Joey Bishop
Julian Schwinger Schwinger.jpg
Julian Schwinger
Patty Andrews (pictured centre) The Andrew Sisters The Andrews Sisters 1952.JPG
Patty Andrews (pictured centre) The Andrew Sisters
Otis R. Bowen Otis R. Bowen.jpg
Otis R. Bowen

March

Joao Goulart Jango.jpg
João Goulart
James Tobin James Tobin.png
James Tobin
Frederick Reines Frederick Reines.jpg
Frederick Reines
Howard Cosell Howard cosell 1975.JPG
Howard Cosell
Pearl Bailey Pearl Bailey - publicity.jpg
Pearl Bailey

April

Betty Ford Betty Ford, official White House photo color, 1974.jpg
Betty Ford
William Holden WILLIAMHolden.jpg
William Holden
Kai Siegbahn Kai Manne Borje Siegbahn 2.jpg
Kai Siegbahn

May

Kakuei Tanaka Kakuei Tanaka cropped 1 Kakuei Tanaka 19720707.jpg
Kakuei Tanaka
Mike Wallace Mike Wallace Interviews 1957 (4).jpg
Mike Wallace
Richard Feynman Richard Feynman Nobel.jpg
Richard Feynman
Eddy Arnold Eddie Arnold 1969.JPG
Eddy Arnold
Yasuhiro Nakasone Yasuhiro Nakasone.jpg
Yasuhiro Nakasone
Martin Lundstrom Martin Lundstrom in St Moritz 1948.jpg
Martin Lundstrom

June

Robert Preston Robert Preston-publicity.jpg
Robert Preston
Patachou Patachou (1961).jpg
Patachou
Francois Tombalbaye Francois Tombalbaye 1959.jpg
François Tombalbaye
Franco Modigliani Franco Modigliani.jpg
Franco Modigliani
Francis W. Nye Maj Gen Francis Walter Nye.jpg
Francis W. Nye

July

Zakaria Mohieddin Zakaria Mohiedin as Interior Minister.jpg
Zakaria Mohieddin
Sebastian Cabot Sebastian Cabot 1964.JPG
Sebastian Cabot
Francisco Moncion Portrait of Francisco Moncion, in Sebastian LCCN2004663346.tif
Francisco Moncion
Ingmar Bergman Ingmar Bergman (1966).jpg
Ingmar Bergman
Bertram Brockhouse Bertram Brockhouse.jpg
Bertram Brockhouse
Paul Farnes Paul Farnes Portrait.jpg
Paul Farnes
Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio Carlos Arana Osorio.png
Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio
Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela-2008 (edit) (cropped).jpg
Nelson Mandela
Pee Wee Reese Pee Wee Reese 1956.jpg
Pee Wee Reese
Antonio Candido AntonioCandido (cropped).jpg
Antonio Candido
Marjorie Lord Danny Thomas Marjorie Lord 1957.JPG
Marjorie Lord
Paul D. Boyer Paul D. Boyer.jpg
Paul D. Boyer
Hank Jones Hank Jones MJF.jpg
Hank Jones

August

Frederick Sanger Frederick Sanger2.jpg
Frederick Sanger
Shankar Dayal Sharma Shankar Dayal Sharma 36.jpg
Shankar Dayal Sharma
Leonard Bernstein Leonard Bernstein by Jack Mitchell.jpg
Leonard Bernstein
Katherine Johnson Katherine Johnson 1983.jpg
Katherine Johnson
Alejandro Agustin Lanusse Alejandro Agustin Lanusse.jpg
Alejandro Agustín Lanusse

September

Paul Harvey HarveyPaul.jpg
Paul Harvey
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 8SCALFARO01gr.jpg
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
Nipsey Russell Nipsey Russell 1971.jpg
Nipsey Russell
Chaim Herzog Chaim-herzog.jpg
Chaim Herzog

October

Jens Christian Skou Skou2008crop.jpg
Jens Christian Skou
Rita Hayworth Hayworth-Gilda-1946-Color.jpg
Rita Hayworth
Diana Serra Cary Baby-Peggy 2012-07-01.jpg
Diana Serra Cary
Konstantinos Mitsotakis Constantine Mitsotakis.jpg
Konstantinos Mitsotakis

November

Art Carney Art Carney - 1959.jpg
Art Carney
Billy Graham Billy Graham bw photo, April 11, 1966.jpg
Billy Graham
Spiro Agnew Spiro Agnew.jpg
Spiro Agnew
Patricio Aylwin Presidente Patricio Aylwin cropped.jpg
Patricio Aylwin
Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. Efrem Zimbalist Jr. 1971.JPG
Efrem Zimbalist, Jr.

December

B. K. S. Iyengar BKS Iyengar.jpg
B. K. S. Iyengar
Jeff Chandler Jeff Chandler - 1958.jpg
Jeff Chandler
Kurt Waldheim Kurt Waldheim 1971b.jpg
Kurt Waldheim
Helmut Schmidt Bundeskanzler Helmut Schmidt.jpg
Helmut Schmidt
Anwar Sadat Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg
Anwar Sadat

Date unknown

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Georg Cantor Georg Cantor2.jpg
Georg Cantor
Maria Dolores Rodriguez Sopena Dolores sopena pensativa.jpg
María Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña

February

Gustav Klimt Klimt.jpg
Gustav Klimt
Sultan Abdul Hamid II Sultan Abdul Hamid II of the Ottoman Empire.jpg
Sultan Abdul Hamid II

March

Claude Debussy Claude Debussy ca 1908, foto av Felix Nadar.jpg
Claude Debussy
Martin Sheridan Martin Sheridan.jpg
Martin Sheridan

April

Karl Ferdinand Braun Ferdinand Braun.jpg
Karl Ferdinand Braun
Manfred von Richthofen Manfred von Richthofen.jpg
Manfred von Richthofen
Gavrilo Princip Gavrilloprincip.jpg
Gavrilo Princip

May

Maria Magdalena Merten Blandine Merten.jpg
Maria Magdalena Merten

June

Kyrion II of Georgia Patriarch Kyrion II of Georgia.jpg
Kyrion II of Georgia

July

Sultan Mehmed V Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire cropped.jpg
Sultan Mehmed V
James McCudden McCuddenportrait.jpg
James McCudden
Quentin Roosevelt Quentin Roosevelt in Uniform 1917.jpg
Quentin Roosevelt
Emperor Nicholas II of Russia Face Nicholas II.jpg
Emperor Nicholas II of Russia
Henry Macintosh Henry Macintosh 1913.jpg
Henry Macintosh

August

Marianne Cope Mother Marianne Cope in her youth.jpg
Marianne Cope

September

George Reid George Reid cph.3c31684.jpg
George Reid
Eduard, Duke of Anhalt EduardDukeAnhalt.jpg
Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
Prince Erik, Duke of Vastmanland Eriksweden18894qr.jpg
Prince Erik, Duke of Vastmanland

October

November

Wilfred Owen Wilfred Owen plate from Poems (1920).jpg
Wilfred Owen

December

Sidonio Pais Sidonio Pais.jpg
Sidónio Pais
Sultan Ali bin Hamud of Zanzibar Zanz-Ali II.jpg
Sultan Ali bin Hamud of Zanzibar

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1917th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 917th year of the 2nd millennium, the 17th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1917, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1905th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 905th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1905, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1903rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 903rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1903, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1906th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 906th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1906, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1919th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 919th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1919, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1896th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 896th year of the 2nd millennium, the 96th year of the 19th century, and the 7th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1896, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1920th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 920th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1920, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1916th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 916th year of the 2nd millennium, the 16th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1916, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1915, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1897th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 897th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1897, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1877th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 877th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1877, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1891st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 891st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1891, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events from the year 1918 in the United States.

References

  1. Barry, John M. (2005). The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History . New York: Penguin Books. ISBN   978-0143036494.
  2. "Historical Concert for the Benefit of Widows and Orphans". World Digital Library. February 10, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  3. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  4. Shores, Christopher (1969). Finnish Air Force, 1918–1968. Reading, Berkshire, UK: Osprey Publications Ltd. p. 3. ISBN   978-0668021210.
  5. "1918 - Corporate History - History - About Us - Panasonic Global". www.panasonic.com.
  6. Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 355–356. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  7. Royal Canadian Legion Branch # 138."2-Minute Wave of Silence" Revives a Time-honoured Tradition. Accessed on 5 June 2014.
  8. The first was from Allahabad to Naini Junction in India on 18 February 1911, and the second from London to Windsor Castle on 22 June 1911.
  9. "Women's Right to Vote in Canada". lop.parl.ca. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  10. "La Grippe Espagnole de 1918". Institut Pasteur. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
  11. "CROWDS SEE OPENING OF TRADE EXPOSITION; Police Commissioner Enright Receives Keys for City at Formal Opening. PERMANENT SHOW PLANNED Borough President Bruckner Thanks Promoters for Choosing Site in the Bronx". The New York Times . June 30, 1918. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  12. "Carpathia Sunk; 5 of Crew Killed" (PDF). The New York Times . July 20, 1918. p. 4.
  13. Klim, Jake (2014). Attack on Orleans: The World War I submarine raid on Cape Cod. The History Press. ISBN   9781625850348. OCLC   883673275.
  14. "Warilda". Uboat.net. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  15. Lichfield, John (July 7, 2014). "A History of the First World War in 100 Moments: The 'blackest day' of the German army". The Independent . London. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  16. Werth, Nicolas; Bartosek, Karel; Panne, Jean-Louis; Margolin, Jean-Louis; Paczkowski, Andrzej; Courtois, Stephane (1999). The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 74. ISBN   0-674-07608-7.
  17. Pitt, Barrie (2003). 1918: The Last Act. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. ISBN   0-85052-974-3.
  18. Massie, Robert K. (2004). Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea . New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN   0-345-40878-0.
  19. Biger, Gideon (2004). The Boundaries of Modern Palestine, 1840–1947. London: Routledge. pp. 55, 164. ISBN   978-0-7146-5654-0 . Retrieved May 2, 2009.
  20. 1 2 "Serbia ends union with Montenegro". The Irish Times.
  21. Wainwright, Martin (August 23, 2010). "British warships sunk 90 years ago found off Estonian coast". The Guardian . London. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  22. Ward, Margaret (1983). Unmanageable Revolutionaries: Women and Irish nationalism. London: Pluto Press. p. 137. ISBN   0-86104-700-1.

Further reading

Primary sources and year books