October 31

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October 31 is the 304th day of the year(305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 61 days remain until the end of the year.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

475 Year

Year 475 (CDLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Zeno without colleague. The denomination 475 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Romulus Augustulus last emperor of the Western Roman Empire

Flavius Romulus Augustus, known derisively and historiographically as Romulus Augustulus, was the Roman emperor who ruled the Western Roman Empire from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476. He is often described as the "last Western Roman emperor", though some historians consider this to be Julius Nepos. His deposition by Odoacer traditionally marks the end of the Roman Empire in the West, the end of Ancient Rome, and the beginning of the Middle Ages in Western Europe.

683 Year

Year 683 (DCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 683 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Births

Year 1345 (MCCCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. It was a year in the 14th century, in the midst of a period in world history often referred to as the Late Middle Ages.

Ferdinand I of Portugal King of Portugal

Ferdinand I, sometimes called the Handsome or occasionally the Inconstant, was the King of Portugal from 1367 until his death in 1383. His death led to the 1383–85 crisis, also known as the Portuguese interregnum.

Kingdom of Portugal kingdom in Southwestern Europe between 1139 and 1910

The Kingdom of Portugal was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal. It was in existence from 1139 until 1910. After 1415, it was also known as the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, and between 1815 and 1822, it was known as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. The name is also often applied to the Portuguese Empire, the realm's extensive overseas colonies.

Deaths

932 Year

Year 932 (CMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Al-Muqtadir caliph

Abu’l-Faḍl Jaʿfar ibn Ahmad al-Muʿtaḍid , better known by his regnal name al-Muqtadir bi-llāh, was the Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate from 908 to 932 CE, with the exception of a brief deposition in favour of al-Qahir in 928.

994 Year

Year 994 (CMXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Holidays and observances

Alphonsus Rodriguez Jesuit lay brother and saint

Saint Alphonsus Rodríguez, S.J., was a Spanish Jesuit lay brother, now venerated as a saint. He was a native of Segovia. He is sometimes confused with Fr. Alphonsus (Alonso) Rodriguez, S.J., a Jesuit who wrote the Exercicio de perfección y virtudes cristianas, which has frequently been re-edited and translated into many languages.

Ampliatus

Ampliatus, was a Roman Christian mentioned by Paul in one of his letters, where he says, "Greet Ampliatus, whom I love in the Lord." He is considered one of the Seventy Disciples by the Eastern Orthodox Church. He may have served as bishop of Odessos (Varna), in Bulgaria. He is commemorated in the Roman Martyrology on Oct. 31.

Saint Begu was a nun and later became a saint from Hackness, Yorkshire (Deira). She served at the monastic conversation in the nunnery of Hackness, near Scarborough which was built by St. Hilda of Whitby shortly before her death.

Related Research Articles

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June 25 is the 176th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 189 days remain until the end of the year.

June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 201 days remain until the end of the year.

January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 353 days remain until the end of the year.

November 22 is the 326th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 39 days remain until the end of the year.

November 5 is the 309th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 56 days remain until the end of the year.

October 1 is the 274th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 91 days remain until the end of the year.

October 10 is the 283rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 82 days remain until the end of the year.

October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 87 days remain until the end of the year.

October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 84 days remain until the end of the year.

October 18 is the 291st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 74 days remain until the end of the year.

October 16 is the 289th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 76 days remain until the end of the year.

September 16 is the 259th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 106 days remain until the end of the year.

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 108 days remain until the end of the year.

September 12 is the 255th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 110 days remain until the end of the year.

September 13 is the 256th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 109 days remain until the end of the year.

September 19 is the 262nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 103 days remain until the end of the year.

September 26 is the 269th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 96 days remain until the end of the year.

September 25 is the 268th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 97 days remain until the end of the year.

References

  1. Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident ATR 72-212 N401AM Roselawn, IN". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  2. "Obituary: Constance Savery". The Independent. independent.uk. Retrieved August 24, 2018.