1991

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1991 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1991
MCMXCI
Ab urbe condita 2744
Armenian calendar 1440
ԹՎ ՌՆԽ
Assyrian calendar 6741
Bahá'í calendar 147–148
Balinese saka calendar 1912–1913
Bengali calendar 1398
Berber calendar 2941
British Regnal year 39  Eliz. 2   40  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2535
Burmese calendar 1353
Byzantine calendar 7499–7500
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal  Horse)
4687 or 4627
     to 
辛未年 (Metal  Goat)
4688 or 4628
Coptic calendar 1707–1708
Discordian calendar 3157
Ethiopian calendar 1983–1984
Hebrew calendar 5751–5752
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2047–2048
 - Shaka Samvat 1912–1913
 - Kali Yuga 5091–5092
Holocene calendar 11991
Igbo calendar 991–992
Iranian calendar 1369–1370
Islamic calendar 1411–1412
Japanese calendar Heisei 3
(平成3年)
Javanese calendar 1923–1924
Juche calendar 80
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4324
Minguo calendar ROC 80
民國80年
Nanakshahi calendar 523
Thai solar calendar 2534
Tibetan calendar 阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2117 or 1736 or 964
     to 
阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
2118 or 1737 or 965
Unix time 662688000 – 694223999

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

Contents

It was the final year of the Cold War that had begun in 1947. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics and the CIS in its place. In July 1991, India abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy. This increased GDP, but also increased economic inequality over the next two decades. [1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.

The Japanese asset price bubble burst this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

Mount Pinatubo Pinatubo91eruption clark air base.jpg
Mount Pinatubo

July

August

The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8. Oblomki rukhnuvshei Varshavskoi radiomachty.jpg
The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow. 1991 coup attempt1.jpg
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.
Restored flag of Russia. Flag of Russia.svg
Restored flag of Russia.

September

Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours. Baltic states flag map.svg
Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.

October

November

Symbol of Vukovar; Croatian War of Independence Vukovar-watertower-after-war.jpg
Symbol of Vukovar; Croatian War of Independence

December

December 8: The signing of the agreement effectively ending the Soviet regime's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States. RIAN archive 848095 Signing the Agreement to eliminate the USSR and establish the Commonwealth of Independent States.jpg
December 8: The signing of the agreement effectively ending the Soviet regime's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Pixie Lott Pixie Lott 2014 (cropped).jpg
Pixie Lott
Erin Sanders Erin Sanders Profile Photo 2016.jpg
Erin Sanders

February

Emma Roberts Emma Robert 2016 Comic Con.jpg
Emma Roberts
Ed Sheeran Ed Sheeran-6886 (cropped).jpg
Ed Sheeran
Bonnie Wright Bonnie Wright by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bonnie Wright
Malese Jow Malese Jow at WonderCon 2014.jpg
Malese Jow

March

Tyler, the Creator Tyler, The Creator (8048745695) (cropped).jpg
Tyler, the Creator
Devon Werkheiser Devon Werkheiser 2019 (26o xcyTX1M).jpg
Devon Werkheiser
Luan Santana Luan Santana Citibank Hall (41171200671).jpg
Luan Santana
Antoine Griezmann FRA-ARG (10).jpg
Antoine Griezmann

April

Jamie Lynn Spears Jamie Lynn Spears 4.jpg
Jamie Lynn Spears
AJ Michalka AJ Michalka - portrait 2019.jpg
AJ Michalka

May

Lena Meyer-Landrut MJK31621 Lena Meyer-Landrut (T2 Trainspotting, Berlinale 2017).jpg
Lena Meyer-Landrut

June

Natasha Dupeyron Natasha Dupeyron in 2014 (cropped).jpg
Natasha Dupeyrón
Emily Ratajkowski 2 minutes with Emily Ratajkowski (2).jpg
Emily Ratajkowski
Willa Holland Willa Holland 2017.jpg
Willa Holland
Christa Theret Christa Theret Cabourg 2016.jpg
Christa Théret

July

Jason Dolley Jason Dolley 2010.jpg
Jason Dolley
Mitchel Musso Mitchel Musso 2, Walmart Soundcheck 2011.jpg
Mitchel Musso
James Rodriguez James Rodriguez 2018.jpg
James Rodríguez
Seppe Smits Seppe Smits.jpg
Seppe Smits
Alexandra Shipp Alexandra Shipp by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Alexandra Shipp
Sara Sampaio Web Summit 2017 - Centre Stage Day 3 SAM 7762 (38233160166) (cropped).jpg
Sara Sampaio

August

Mike Trout Mike Trout 2018.jpg
Mike Trout
Lakeith Stanfield Keith Stanfield by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Lakeith Stanfield
Young Thug Young Thug - Openair Frauenfeld 2019 20.jpg
Young Thug
Dylan O'Brien Dylan O'Brien by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Dylan O'Brien
Kyle Massey Kyle Massey 2012.jpg
Kyle Massey

September

Jennifer Veal Jennifer Veal.jpg
Jennifer Veal
Kelsey Chow Kelsey Chow, 2011 (cropped).jpg
Kelsey Chow
Lauren Daigle Lauren Daigle Joy Eslava Madrid.jpg
Lauren Daigle
Mena Massoud Run This Town cast - Mena Massoud (33463322988).jpg
Mena Massoud

October

Princess Mako of Akishino Princess Mako and Princess Kako at the Tokyo Imperial Palace (cropped).jpg
Princess Mako of Akishino

November

Jiang Yuyuan Jiang Yuyuan.jpg
Jiang Yuyuan
Matt Bennett Matt Bennett by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Matt Bennett
Shailene Woodley Shailene Woodley March 18, 2014 (cropped).jpg
Shailene Woodley

December

Jillian Rose Reed Jillian Rose Reed February 2015.jpg
Jillian Rose Reed
Louis Tomlinson Louis Tomlinson November 2014.jpg
Louis Tomlinson

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Steve Clark Steve Clark.jpeg
Steve Clark
Olav V of Norway Olav V of Norway.jpg
Olav V of Norway

February

Salvador Luria Salvador E. Luria ca.1969.jpg
Salvador Luria
Margot Fonteyn Margot Fonteyn - 1960s.jpg
Margot Fonteyn

March

John Kerr John Kerr 1965.jpg
John Kerr

April

David Lean DavidLean1965.jpg
David Lean
Steve Marriott Steve Marriott (Humble Pie).jpg
Steve Marriott

May

Jiang Qing Jiang Qing 1976.jpg
Jiang Qing
Shintaro Abe Shintaro Abe cropped.jpg
Shintaro Abe
Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg
Rajiv Gandhi

June

Jean Arthur Jean Arthur - Smith.JPG
Jean Arthur

July

Michael Landon Michael Landon 1990.jpg
Michael Landon
Lee Remick Lee Ann Remick, London, 1974.jpg
Lee Remick

August

Ali Sabri Ali Sabri 1966.jpg
Ali Sabri
James Irwin Jim Irwin Apollo 15 LMP.jpg
James Irwin

September

Dr. Seuss Ted Geisel NYWTS 2 crop.jpg
Dr. Seuss
Miles Davis Miles Davis by Palumbo.jpg
Miles Davis

October

Redd Foxx Redd Foxx 1966.JPG
Redd Foxx
Gene Roddenberry Gene Roddenberry crop.jpg
Gene Roddenberry

November

Gene Tierney Studio publicity Gene Tierney.jpg
Gene Tierney
Freddie Mercury Freddie Mercury performing in New Haven, CT, November 1977.jpg
Freddie Mercury

December

Richard Speck Richard Speck cropped.jpg
Richard Speck
Franco Maria Malfatti Franco Maria Malfatti.jpg
Franco Maria Malfatti

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

2000 (MM) was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2000th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1000th and last year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 2000s decade.

1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1999th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 999th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1990s decade.

1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1993rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 993rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1990s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1998th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 998th year of the 2nd millennium, the 98th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1990s decade.

1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 968th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade.

1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1995th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 995th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1990s decade.

1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1961st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 961st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1960s decade.

1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1960th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 960th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1960s decade.

1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1992nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 992nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1990s decade.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2004th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 4th year of the 3rd millennium, the 4th year of the 21st century, and the 5th year of the 2000s decade.

2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2003rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 3rd year of the 3rd millennium, the 3rd year of the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2000s decade.

2014 (MMXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2014th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 14th year of the 3rd millennium, the 14th year of the 21st century, and the 5th year of the 2010s decade.

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