August 31

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August 31 is the 243rd day of the year(244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.There are 122 days remaining until the end of the year.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

1056 Year

Year 1056 (MLVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Macedonian dynasty dynasty

The Macedonian dynasty ruled the Byzantine Empire from 867 to 1056, following the Amorian dynasty. During this period, the Byzantine state reached its greatest expanse since the Muslim conquests, and the Macedonian Renaissance in letters and arts began. The dynasty was named after its founder, Basil I the Macedonian who came from the Theme of Macedonia which at the time was part of Thrace.

1057 Year

Year 1057 (MLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Births

AD 12 (XII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Capito. The denomination AD 12 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Caligula Third Emperor of Ancient Rome

Caligula was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD 41. The son of the popular Roman general Germanicus and Augustus' granddaughter Agrippina the Elder, Caligula was born into the first ruling family of the Roman Empire, conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Germanicus' uncle and adoptive father, Tiberius, succeeded Augustus as emperor of Rome in AD 14.

Year 161 (CLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Aurelius. The denomination 161 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Deaths

Year 318 (CCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Licinianus and Crispus. The denomination 318 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Liu Cong, courtesy name Xuanming, nickname Zai, formally Emperor Zhaowu of Han (Zhao), was an emperor of the Xiongnu state Han Zhao. He captured two subsequent Chinese emperors, and executed them back in Pingyang after forcing them to act as cupbearers. These raids finally forced the Chinese to move their capital from Luoyang to Nanjing.

577 Year

Year 577 (DLXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 577 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Holidays and observances

Baloch people ethnic group

The Baloch or Baluch are an Iranian peoples who live mainly in the Balochistan region of the southeastern-most edge of the Iranian plateau in Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan, as well as in the Arabian Peninsula.

Pashtuns ethnic group belonging to Afghanistan and Pakistan

The Pashtuns, historically known as ethnic Afghans and Pathans, are an Iranian ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan in South-Central Asia. They speak the Pashto language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. The ethnogenesis of the Pashtun ethnic group is unclear but historians have come across references to various ancient peoples called Pakthas (Pactyans) between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC, who may be their early ancestors. Their history is mostly spread amongst the present-day countries of Afghanistan and Pakistan, centred on their traditional seat of power in that region.

Aidan of Lindisfarne 7th-century Bishop of Lindisfarne and saint

Aidan of Lindisfarne Irish: Naomh Aodhán was an Irish monk and missionary credited with restoring Christianity to Northumbria. He founded a monastic cathedral on the island of Lindisfarne, known as Lindisfarne Priory, served as its first bishop, and travelled ceaselessly throughout the countryside, spreading the gospel to both the Anglo-Saxon nobility and to the socially disenfranchised.

Related Research Articles

April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 269 days remaining until the end of the year.

April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 260 days remaining until the end of the year.

April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 262 days remaining until the end of the year.

June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 196 days remaining until the end of the year.

January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 353 days remaining until the end of the year.

January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 352 days remaining until the end of the year.

May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 215 days remaining until the end of the year.

May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 232 days remaining until the end of the year.

March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 275 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 22 is the 326th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 39 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 5 is the 309th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 56 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 10 is the 314th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 51 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 1 is the 274th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 91 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 10 is the 283rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 82 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 87 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 108 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 12 is the 255th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 110 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 26 is the 269th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 96 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 25 is the 268th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 97 days remaining until the end of the year.

August 20 is the 232nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 133 days remaining until the end of the year.

References

  1. Cornelius Tacitus; Percival Frost (1872). Annals of Tacitus. Whittaker. p. 38.
  2. Olivier Hekster (1 January 2002). Commodus: An Emperor at the Crossroads. Brill Academic Pub. p. 30. ISBN   978-90-5063-238-6.
  3. Paul-André Bempéchat (2005). Liber Amicorum Isabelle Cazeaux: Symbols, Parallels and Discoveries in Her Honor. Pendragon Press. p. 45. ISBN   978-1-57647-091-6.
  4. Joseph Haydn (1870). Haydn's Universal Index of Biography from the Creation to the Present Time: For the Use of the Statesman, the Historian, and the Journalist. E. Moxon, son, and Company. p. 215.
  5. Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Calder, Sir Robert"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  6. "Notable Deaths 2018". The New York Times Obituraries. Retrieved 2018-09-12.