February 14

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February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.There are 320 days remaining until the end of the year(321 in leap years).

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

Contents

Events

748 Year

Year 748 (DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 748 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Merv ancient city in Turkmenistan

Merv was a major oasis-city in Central Asia, on the historical Silk Road, located near today's Mary in Turkmenistan. Several cities have existed on this site, which is significant for the interchange of culture and politics at a site of major strategic value.

Umayyad Caliphate Second caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate, also spelt Omayyad, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. The caliphate was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, hailing from Mecca. The third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, was a member of the Umayyad clan. The family established dynastic, hereditary rule with Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan, long-time governor of Syria, who became the sixth Caliph after the end of the First Muslim Civil War in 661. After Mu'awiyah's death in 680, conflicts over the succession resulted in a Second Civil War and power eventually fell into the hands of Marwan I from another branch of the clan. Syria remained the Umayyads' main power base thereafter, and Damascus was their capital.

Births

Year 1368 (MCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor Monarch from the House Luxemburg, 1387 to 1437 King of Hungary, 1410 to 1437 King of Germany,  1419 to 1437 King of Bohemia and 1433 to 1437 Holy Roman Emperor

Sigismund of Luxembourg was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 until 1437, and the last male member of the House of Luxembourg. In 1396 he led the Crusade of Nicopolis, which attempted to liberate Bulgaria and save the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople from Ottoman rule. Afterwards, he founded the Order of the Dragon to fight the Turks. He was regarded as highly educated, spoke several languages and was an outgoing person who also took pleasure in the tournament. Sigismund was one of the driving forces behind the Council of Constance that ended the Papal Schism, but which also led to the Hussite Wars that dominated the later period of Sigismund's life.

Year 1404 (MCDIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.


Deaths

869 Year

Year 869 (DCCCLXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Saints Cyril and Methodius Byzantine Slavic brothers

Saints Cyril and Methodius were two brothers who were Byzantine Christian theologians and Christian missionaries. Through their work they influenced the cultural development of all Slavs, for which they received the title "Apostles to the Slavs". They are credited with devising the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet used to transcribe Old Church Slavonic. After their deaths, their pupils continued their missionary work among other Slavs. Both brothers are venerated in the Orthodox Church as saints with the title of "equal-to-apostles". In 1880, Pope Leo XIII introduced their feast into the calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1980, Pope John Paul II declared them co-patron saints of Europe, together with Benedict of Nursia.

945 Year

Year 945 (CMXLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.


Holidays and observances

Saint Valentine Roman saint

Saint Valentine, officially Saint Valentine of Rome, was a widely recognized 3rd-century Roman saint, commemorated in Christianity on February 14 and since the High Middle Ages is associated with a tradition of courtly love.

February 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

February 13 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - February 15

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Related Research Articles

April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 269 days remaining until the end of the year.

August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 145 days remaining until the end of the year.

April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 268 days remaining until the end of the year.

December 9 is the 343rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 22 days remaining until the end of the year.

February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 328 days remaining until the end of the year.

June 21 is the 172nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 193 days remaining until the end of the year.

January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 351 days remaining until the end of the year.

May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 232 days remaining until the end of the year.

May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 231 days remaining until the end of the year.

March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 284 days remaining until the end of the year.

March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 301 days remaining until the end of the year.

March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 285 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 19 is the 323rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 42 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 1 is the 274th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 91 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 87 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 84 days remaining until the end of the year.

October 16 is the 289th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 76 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 108 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 25 is the 268th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 97 days remaining until the end of the year.

March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 299 days remaining until the end of the year.

References

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  4. Christian Eriksen profile at the Tottenham Hotspur F.C. website
  5. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia: List of players: France" (PDF). FIFA. 10 June 2018. p. 11. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  6. Tommasini, Anthony (15 February 2016). "Steven Stucky, Composer Who Won a Pulitzer, Dies at 66". The New York Times . p. B11.
  7. "Longest-Serving Dutch Premier, Ruud Lubbers, Dies at 78". The New York Times . 14 February 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  8. "Zimbabwe opposition leader Tsvangirai dies". BBC News. 14 February 2018. Archived from the original on 14 February 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2018.