1549

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1549 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1549
MDXLIX
Ab urbe condita 2302
Armenian calendar 998
ԹՎ ՋՂԸ
Assyrian calendar 6299
Balinese saka calendar 1470–1471
Bengali calendar 956
Berber calendar 2499
English Regnal year 2  Edw. 6   3  Edw. 6
Buddhist calendar 2093
Burmese calendar 911
Byzantine calendar 7057–7058
Chinese calendar 戊申(Earth  Monkey)
4245 or 4185
     to 
己酉年 (Earth  Rooster)
4246 or 4186
Coptic calendar 1265–1266
Discordian calendar 2715
Ethiopian calendar 1541–1542
Hebrew calendar 5309–5310
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1605–1606
 - Shaka Samvat 1470–1471
 - Kali Yuga 4649–4650
Holocene calendar 11549
Igbo calendar 549–550
Iranian calendar 927–928
Islamic calendar 955–956
Japanese calendar Tenbun 18
(天文18年)
Javanese calendar 1467–1468
Julian calendar 1549
MDXLIX
Korean calendar 3882
Minguo calendar 363 before ROC
民前363年
Nanakshahi calendar 81
Thai solar calendar 2091–2092
Tibetan calendar 阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
1675 or 1294 or 522
     to 
阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
1676 or 1295 or 523
Voyage of Xavier. Xavier f map of voyages asia.PNG
Voyage of Xavier.

Year 1549 ( MDXLIX ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. In the Kingdom of England, it was known as "The Year of the Many-Headed Monster", because of the unusually high number of rebellions which occurred in the country.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

The Book of Common Prayer is introduced in England. Canterbury cathedral.jpg
The Book of Common Prayer is introduced in England.

JanuaryJune

January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

Burmese–Siamese War (1547–49) 1547–49 war fought between the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma and the Ayutthaya Kingdom of Siam

The Burmese–Siamese War (1547–49) was the first war fought between the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma and the Ayutthaya Kingdom of Siam, and the first of the Burmese–Siamese wars that would continue until the middle of the 19th century. The war is notable for the introduction of early modern warfare to the region. It is also notable in Thai history for the death in battle of Siamese Queen Suriyothai on her war elephant; the conflict is often referred to in Thailand as the War that Led to the Loss of Queen Suriyothai (สงครามคราวเสียสมเด็จพระสุริโยไท).

Tabinshwehti King of Burma

Tabinshwehti was king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1530 to 1550, and the founder of Toungoo Empire. His military campaigns (1534–49) created the largest kingdom in Burma since the fall of Pagan Empire in 1287. His administratively fragile kingdom proved to be the impetus for the eventual reunification of the entire country by his successor and brother-in-law Bayinnaung.

JulyDecember

June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 205 days remaining until the end of the year.

<i>Book of Common Prayer</i> Prayer book used in most Anglican churches

The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by other Christian churches historically related to Anglicanism. The original book, published in 1549 in the reign of Edward VI, was a product of the English Reformation following the break with Rome. The work of 1549 was the first prayer book to include the complete forms of service for daily and Sunday worship in English. It contained Morning Prayer, Evening Prayer, the Litany, and Holy Communion and also the occasional services in full: the orders for Baptism, Confirmation, Marriage, "prayers to be said with the sick", and a funeral service. It also set out in full the "propers" : the introits, collects, and epistle and gospel readings for the Sunday service of Holy Communion. Old Testament and New Testament readings for daily prayer were specified in tabular format as were the Psalms; and canticles, mostly biblical, that were provided to be said or sung between the readings.

Kingdom of England historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles (927–1649; 1660–1707)

The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Date unknown

Peter Canisius Dutch, Jesuit priest, Doctor of the Church, Roman Catholic saint

Peter Canisius, S.J. was a renowned Dutch Jesuit Catholic priest. He became known for his strong support for the Catholic faith during the Protestant Reformation in Germany, Austria, Bohemia, Moravia, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The restoration of the Catholic Church in Germany after the Protestant Reformation is largely attributed to the work there of the Society of Jesus, which he led. He is venerated in the Catholic Church as a saint and as a Doctor of the Church.

Counter-Reformation

The Counter-Reformation, also called the Catholic Reformation or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence that was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation. It began with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ended with the 1781 Patent of Toleration. Initiated to preserve the power, influence and material wealth enjoyed by the Catholic Church and to present a theological and material challenge to Reformation, the Counter-Reformation was a comprehensive effort composed of apologetic and polemical documents, ecclesiastical reconfiguration as decreed by the Council of Trent, a series of wars, political maneuvering including the efforts of Imperial Diets of the Holy Roman Empire, exiling of Protestant populations, confiscation of Protestant children for Catholic institutionalized upbringing, heresy trials and the Inquisition, anti-corruption efforts, spiritual movements, and the founding of new religious orders.

Duchy of Bavaria duchy

The Duchy of Bavaria was a frontier region in the southeastern part of the Merovingian kingdom from the sixth through the eighth century. It was settled by Bavarian tribes and ruled by dukes (duces) under Frankish overlordship. A new duchy was created from this area during the decline of the Carolingian Empire in the late ninth century. It became one of the stem duchies of the East Frankish realm which evolved as the Kingdom of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire.

Births

Francoise d'Orleans-Longueville Francoise d'Orleans, Princess of Conde by an known artist.png
Françoise d'Orléans-Longueville
Duchess Sabine of Wurttemberg Sabina of Wurttemberg.jpg
Duchess Sabine of Württemberg
Anne of Austria, Queen of Spain Alonso Sanchez Coello 003.jpg
Anne of Austria, Queen of Spain

January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 339 days remaining until the end of the year.

Jakob Ebert German theologian

Jakob Ebert was a German theologian and poet.

1614 Year

1614 (MDCXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1614th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 614th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1614, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Deaths

Pope Paul III Titian - Pope Paul III - WGA22962.jpg
Pope Paul III

Related Research Articles

The 1540s decade ran from January 1, 1540, to December 31, 1549.

1566 Year

Year 1566 (MDLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1603 Year

1603 (MDCIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1603rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 603rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1600s decade. As of the start of 1603, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1680 Year

1680 (MDCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1680th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 680th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 17th century, and the 1st year of the 1680s decade. As of the start of 1680, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1535 Year

Year 1535 (MDXXXV) was not a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1606 Year

1606 (MDCVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1606th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 606th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1600s decade. As of the start of 1606, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1540 Year

Year 1540 (MDXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1711 Year

1711 (MDCCXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1711th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 711th year of the 2nd millennium, the 11th year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1711, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Sunday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

Year 1483 (MCDLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar).

1555 Year

Year 1555 (MDLV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1523 Year

Year 1523 (MDXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1528 Year

Year 1528 (MDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1575 Year

Year 1575 (MDLXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1570 Year

Year 1570 (MDLXX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1659 Year

1659 (MDCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1659th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 659th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1659, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1548 Year

Year 1548 (MDXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1527 Year

Year 1527 (MDXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1513 Year

Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1490 (MCDXC) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Events from the 1540s in England.

References

  1. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  2. 1 2 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 215–218. ISBN   0-304-35730-8.
  3. Rosen, Adrienne (2010). "Tudor Rebellions". In Tiller, Kate; Darkes, Giles (ed). An Historical Atlas of Oxfordshire. Chipping Norton: Oxfordshire Record Society. pp. 82–3. ISBN   978-0-902509-68-9.
  4. 1 2 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 147–150. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  5. "Lincoln Cathedral History". Lincoln Cathedral. Retrieved 2012-05-06.