January 4

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January 4 is the fourth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 361 days remain until the end of the year(362 in leap years).

The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

A leap year is a calendar year containing an additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

Contents

Events

Year 46 BC was the last year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Lepidus. The denomination 46 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Julius Caesar 1st-century BC Roman politician and general

Gaius Julius Caesar, known by his nomen and cognomen Julius Caesar, was a populist Roman dictator, politician, military general, and historian who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. He also wrote Latin prose.

Titus Labienus was a professional Roman soldier in the late Roman Republic. He served as Tribune of the Plebs in 63 BC. Although remembered as one of Julius Caesar's lieutenants in Gaul, mentioned frequently in the accounts of his military campaigns, Labienus chose to oppose him during the Civil War and was killed at Munda. He was the father of Quintus Labienus.

Births

1077 Year

Year 1077 (MLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Emperor Zhezong 11th-century Chinese emperor

Emperor Zhezong of Song, personal name Zhao Xu, was the seventh emperor of the Song dynasty in China. His original personal name was Zhao Yong but he changed it to "Zhao Xu" after his coronation. He reigned from 1085 until his death in 1100, and was succeeded by his younger half-brother, Emperor Huizong, because his son died prematurely.

Year 1334 (MCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

871 Year

Year 871 (DCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Æthelwulf of Berkshire was a Saxon ealdorman. In 860 he and other men of Berkshire fought off a band of pirates near Winchester, Hampshire. Later he mustered a force of 1400 men against an army of Danes, won the 31 December 870 Battle of Englefield on behalf of the then kingdom of Wessex. He received a land grant in 843/44 from Brihtwulf, king of Mercia; and lost his life at the Battle of Reading.

Ealdorman

Ealdorman was a term in Anglo-Saxon England which originally applied to a man of high status, including some of royal birth, whose authority was independent of the king. It evolved in meaning and in the eighth century was sometimes applied to the former kings of territories which had submitted to great powers such as Mercia. In Wessex in the second half of the ninth century it meant the leaders of individual shires appointed by the king. By the tenth century ealdormen had become the local representatives of the West Saxon king of England. Ealdormen would lead in battle, preside over courts and levy taxation. Ealdormanries were the most prestigious royal appointments, the possession of noble families and semi-independent rulers. The territories became large, often covering former kingdoms such as Mercia or East Anglia. Southern ealdormen often attended court, reflecting increasing centralisation of the kingdom, but the loyalty of northern ealdormen was more uncertain. In the eleventh century the term eorl replaced that of ealdorman, but this reflected a change in terminology under Danish influence rather than a change in function.

Holidays and observances

Calendar of saints Christian liturgical calendar celebrating saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint. The word "feast" in this context does not mean "a large meal, typically a celebratory one", but instead "an annual religious celebration, a day dedicated to a particular saint".

Angela of Foligno Italian saint

Saint Angela of Foligno, T.O.S.F. was an Italian Franciscan tertiary who became known as a mystic from her extensive writings about her mystical revelations. Due to the respect those writings engendered in the Catholic Church she became known as "Mistress of Theologians".

Elizabeth Ann Seton 18th and 19th-century American Catholic religious founder and saint

Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, SC, was the first person born in what would become the United States to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. She established the first Catholic girls' school in the nation in Emmitsburg, Maryland, where she also founded the first American congregation of religious sisters, the Sisters of Charity.

Events

Related Research Articles

April 1 is the 91st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 274 days remain until the end of the year.

December 10 is the 344th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 21 days remain until the end of the year.

February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 319 days remain until the end of the year.

February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 327 days remain until the end of the year.

February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 326 days remain until the end of the year.

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 363 days remain until the end of the year.

January 3 is the third day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 362 days remain until the end of the year. Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 350 days remain until the end of the year.

June 24 is the 175th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 190 days remain until the end of the year.

January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 335 days remain until the end of the year.

January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 336 days remain until the end of the year.

July 1 is the 182nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 183 days remain until the end of the year.

March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 291 days remain until the end of the year.

May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 229 days remain until the end of the year.

May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 224 days remain until the end of the year.

November 17 is the 321st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 44 days remain until the end of the year.

October 20 is the 293rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 72 days remain until the end of the year.

October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 80 days remain until the end of the year.

September 12 is the 255th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 110 days remain until the end of the year.

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