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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1863 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1863
Ab urbe condita 2616
Armenian calendar 1312
Assyrian calendar 6613
Bahá'í calendar 19–20
Balinese saka calendar 1784–1785
Bengali calendar 1270
Berber calendar 2813
British Regnal year 26  Vict. 1   27  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2407
Burmese calendar 1225
Byzantine calendar 7371–7372
Chinese calendar 壬戌(Water  Dog)
4559 or 4499
癸亥年 (Water  Pig)
4560 or 4500
Coptic calendar 1579–1580
Discordian calendar 3029
Ethiopian calendar 1855–1856
Hebrew calendar 5623–5624
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1919–1920
 - Shaka Samvat 1784–1785
 - Kali Yuga 4963–4964
Holocene calendar 11863
Igbo calendar 863–864
Iranian calendar 1241–1242
Islamic calendar 1279–1280
Japanese calendar Bunkyū 3
Javanese calendar 1791–1792
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4196
Minguo calendar 49 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 395
Thai solar calendar 2405–2406
Tibetan calendar 阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1989 or 1608 or 836
(female Water-Pig)
1990 or 1609 or 837

1863 ( MDCCCLXIII ) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar , the 1863rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 863rd year of the 2nd millennium , the 63rd year of the 19th century , and the 4th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1863, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.



January 8: First Transcontinental Railroad Transcontinental railroad route.png
January 8: First Transcontinental Railroad


February 7: HMS Orpheus sinks. HMS Orpheus.jpg
February 7: HMS Orpheus sinks.


May 17: Manet's Le déjeuner sur l'herbe exhibited. Edouard Manet - Luncheon on the Grass - Google Art Project.jpg
May 17: Manet's Le déjeuner sur l'herbe exhibited.


July: Battle of Gettysburg. Battle of Gettysburg.jpg
July: Battle of Gettysburg.


Date unknown



Helen Dortch Longstreet Helen Dortch Longstreet.jpg
Helen Dortch Longstreet


Hugo Winckler Winckler, Hugo.jpg
Hugo Winckler
Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy Amélie Rives 001.jpg
Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy
Henry Ford Henry ford 1919.jpg
Henry Ford
Edvard Munch Edvard Munch 1921.jpg
Edvard Munch

Date Unknown



Antonio Valero de Bernabé Antonio Valero Bernabe.gif
Antonio Valero de Bernabé


Eugène Delacroix Félix Nadar 1820-1910 portraits Eugène Delacroix restored.jpg
Eugène Delacroix
Jacob Grimm JacobGrimm.jpg
Jacob Grimm

In fiction


  1. Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: Norton. pp. 239–42. ISBN   978-0-393-06618-0.
  2. 1 2 Resoconto del Comitato cantonale di Soccorso intorno ai sussidi raccolti e distribuiti pei danni cagionati dalle nevi nel gennaio 1863. Lugano: Tip. Cantonale. 1864.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1863". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
  4. Boissier, Pierre (1985). History of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Volume I: From Solferino to Tsushima. Geneva: Henry Dunant Institute. ISBN   2-88044-012-2.
  5. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  6. Smith, Peter (2000). "Ridvan". A concise encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. pp. 296–297. ISBN   1-85168-184-1.
  7. 1 2 Chaffin, Tom (2008). The H. L. Hunley: the Secret Hope of the Confederacy. New York: Hill and Wang. ISBN   978-0-8090-9512-4.
  8. Letters Patent annexing the Northern Territory to South Australia, 1863 Archived June 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . National Archives of Australia.
  9. Nolan, Daniel J. (2011). Clippers: the ships that shaped the world. Bray: Malbay Publishing. p. 97. ISBN   978-1-908726-00-1.
  10. CommunicationSolutions/ISI, "Railroad — Western Railroad Company", North Carolina Business History, 2006, accessed 1 Feb 2010
  11. Ransom, P. J. G. (1996). Narrow Gauge Steam: its origins and world-wide development. Sparkford: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN   0-86093-533-7.
  12. Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness Books. ISBN   0-8511-2359-7. OCLC   24175552.
  13. Bragg, Melvyn (2006). 12 books that changed the world. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN   0-340-83980-5.