1863

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1863 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1863
MDCCCLXIII
Ab urbe condita 2616
Armenian calendar 1312
ԹՎ ՌՅԺԲ
Assyrian calendar 6613
Bahá'í calendar 19–20
Balinese saka calendar 1784–1785
Bengali calendar 1270
Berber calendar 2813
British Regnal year 26  Vict. 1   27  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2407
Burmese calendar 1225
Byzantine calendar 7371–7372
Chinese calendar 壬戌(Water  Dog)
4559 or 4499
     to 
癸亥年 (Water  Pig)
4560 or 4500
Coptic calendar 1579–1580
Discordian calendar 3029
Ethiopian calendar 1855–1856
Hebrew calendar 5623–5624
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1919–1920
 - Shaka Samvat 1784–1785
 - Kali Yuga 4963–4964
Holocene calendar 11863
Igbo calendar 863–864
Iranian calendar 1241–1242
Islamic calendar 1279–1280
Japanese calendar Bunkyū 3
(文久3年)
Javanese calendar 1791–1792
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4196
Minguo calendar 49 before ROC
民前49年
Nanakshahi calendar 395
Thai solar calendar 2405–2406
Tibetan calendar 阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1989 or 1608 or 836
     to 
阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1990 or 1609 or 837

1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1863rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 863rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1863, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

Events

January 8: First Transcontinental Railroad Transcontinental railroad route.png
January 8: First Transcontinental Railroad

January–March

February 7: HMS Orpheus sinks. HMS Orpheus.jpg
February 7: HMS Orpheus sinks.

AprilJune

May 17: Manet's Le dejeuner sur l'herbe exhibited. Edouard Manet - Luncheon on the Grass - Google Art Project.jpg
May 17: Manet's Le déjeuner sur l'herbe exhibited.

JulySeptember

July: Battle of Gettysburg. Battle of Gettysburg.jpg
July: Battle of Gettysburg.

OctoberDecember

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryJune

Helen Dortch Longstreet Helen Dortch Longstreet.jpg
Helen Dortch Longstreet

JulyDecember

Hugo Winckler Winckler, Hugo.jpg
Hugo Winckler
Amelie Rives Troubetzkoy Amelie Rives 001.jpg
Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy
Henry Ford Henry ford 1919.jpg
Henry Ford
Edvard Munch Edvard Munch 1921.jpg
Edvard Munch

Date Unknown

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Antonio Valero de Bernabe Antonio Valero Bernabe.gif
Antonio Valero de Bernabé

JulyDecember

Eugene Delacroix Felix Nadar 1820-1910 portraits Eugene Delacroix restored.jpg
Eugène Delacroix
Jacob Grimm JacobGrimm.jpg
Jacob Grimm

In fiction

Related Research Articles

1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1861st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 861st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1861, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1862 (MDCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1862nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 862nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 19th century, and the 3rd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1862, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Stephen D. Lee Confederate Army general

Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee was an American politician who served as the first president of Mississippi State University from 1880 to 1899. Prior to that, he was a senior officer of the Confederate States Army in the Eastern and Western theaters of the American Civil War.

USS <i>Onondaga</i> (1863)

USS Onondaga was a river monitor built for the Union Navy during the American Civil War. The ship spent her entire active career with the James River Flotilla, covering the water approaches to Richmond, Virginia, during the last year of the Civil War. After the war, she was purchased by France.

Gordon Granger Union Army General

Gordon Granger was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Chickamauga.

Wesley Merritt Union Army general

Wesley Merritt was an American major general who served in the cavalry of the United States Army during the American Civil War, American Indian Wars, Spanish–American War, and the Philippine–American War. Following the latter war, he became the first American Military Governor of the Philippines.

XVII Corps (Union Army)

XVII Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was organized December 18, 1862 as part of Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee. It was most notably commanded by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson and Maj. Gen. Francis P. Blair II, and served in the Western Theater.

Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War

The Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War consists of the major military operations west of the Mississippi River. The area is often thought of as excluding the states and territories bordering the Pacific Ocean, which formed the Pacific Coast Theater of the American Civil War (1861-1865).

The Mississippi River campaigns, within the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War, were a series of military actions by the Union Army during which Union troops, helped by Union Navy gunboats and river ironclads, took control of the Cumberland River, the Tennessee River and the Mississippi River, main north-south avenues of transport. In July 1863, the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederate States of America was split from the Confederate States east of the river when the Union gained control of the entire Mississippi River. The Union then controlled a main artery of transportation for the South, depriving the rest of the Confederacy of men, food and other supplies from the Confederate States west of the river. While not commonly lumped together under this designation, the river campaigns were undertaken mainly for reasons found in Union General-in-Chief Winfield Scott's 1861 Anaconda Plan. Scott proposed to defeat the Confederacy largely through blockade of ports and control of rivers leading to the economic 'strangulation' of the Confederacy, which he hoped would prevent a large number of bloody land battles.

John Milton Brannan Union army general

John Milton Brannan was a career American Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War and as a Union general in the American Civil War, in command of the Department of Key West in Florida and assigned to Fort Zachary Taylor. His first wife was the daughter of Colonel Ichabod Crane; she mysteriously disappeared after taking a ferry from Staten Island to lower Manhattan and was presumed to have been murdered.

USS Alpha (1864) was a side wheel paddle steamer acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the American Civil War:

Events from the year 1861 in the United States. This year marked the beginning of the American Civil War.

Events from the year 1862 in the United States.

Events from the year 1863 in the United States.

Events from the year 1864 in the United States.

Ulysses S. Grant and the American Civil War Wikimedia history article

Ulysses S. Grant was the most acclaimed Union general during the American Civil War and was twice elected President. Grant began his military career as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1839. After graduation he went on to serve with distinction as a lieutenant in the Mexican–American War. Grant was a keen observer of the war and learned battle strategies serving under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. After the war Grant served at various posts especially in the Pacific Northwest; he was forced to retire from the service in 1854 due to accusations of drunkenness. He was unable to make a success of farming and on the onset of the Civil War in April 1861, Grant was working as a clerk in his father's leather goods store in Galena, Illinois. When the war began his military experience was needed, and Congressman Elihu B. Washburne became his patron in political affairs and promotions in Illinois and nationwide.

1865 (MDCCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1865th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 865th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1865, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1864th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 864th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1864, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

References

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  14. "IGNACIO COMONFORT" (in Spanish). Presidency de la Republica de Mexico. Retrieved May 30, 2019.