1863

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1863 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1863
MDCCCLXIII
Ab urbe condita 2616
Armenian calendar 1312
ԹՎ ՌՅԺԲ
Assyrian calendar 6613
Baháʼí calendar 19–20
Balinese saka calendar 1784–1785
Bengali calendar 1270
Berber calendar 2813
British Regnal year 26  Vict. 1   27  Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2407
Burmese calendar 1225
Byzantine calendar 7371–7372
Chinese calendar 壬戌年 (Water  Dog)
4560 or 4353
     to 
癸亥年 (Water  Pig)
4561 or 4354
Coptic calendar 1579–1580
Discordian calendar 3029
Ethiopian calendar 1855–1856
Hebrew calendar 5623–5624
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1919–1920
 - Shaka Samvat 1784–1785
 - Kali Yuga 4963–4964
Holocene calendar 11863
Igbo calendar 863–864
Iranian calendar 1241–1242
Islamic calendar 1279–1280
Japanese calendar Bunkyū 3
(文久3年)
Javanese calendar 1791–1792
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4196
Minguo calendar 49 before ROC
民前49年
Nanakshahi calendar 395
Thai solar calendar 2405–2406
Tibetan calendar 阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1989 or 1608 or 836
     to 
阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1990 or 1609 or 837

1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1863rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 863rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1863, the Gregorian calendar was 12days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

Events

January 8: First transcontinental railroad Transcontinental railroad route.png
January 8: First transcontinental railroad

January–March

Jan.11: Battle of Arkansas Post. Battle of Fort Hindman.png
Jan.11: Battle of Arkansas Post.
February 7: HMS Orpheus sinks. HMS Orpheus.jpg
February 7: HMS Orpheus sinks.

AprilJune

May 17: Manet's Le dejeuner sur l'herbe exhibited. Edouard Manet - Luncheon on the Grass - Google Art Project.jpg
May 17: Manet's Le déjeuner sur l'herbe exhibited.

JulySeptember

July: Battle of Gettysburg. Battle of Gettysburg.jpg
July: Battle of Gettysburg.

OctoberDecember

October: Red Cross Flag of the Red Cross.svg
October: Red Cross

Date unknown

Births

JanuaryMarch

Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda-1893-09-signed.jpg
Swami Vivekananda

AprilJune

Helen Dortch Longstreet Helen Dortch Longstreet.jpg
Helen Dortch Longstreet

JulySeptember

Hugo Winckler Winckler, Hugo.jpg
Hugo Winckler
Amelie Rives Troubetzkoy Amelie Rives 001.jpg
Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy
Henry Ford Henry ford 1919.jpg
Henry Ford
Carlos I of Portugal King Carlos I of Portugal - National Portrait Gallery.png
Carlos I of Portugal

OctoberDecember

Edvard Munch Edvard Munch 1921.jpg
Edvard Munch

Deaths

JanuaryJune

Antonio Valero de Bernabe Antonio Valero Bernabe.gif
Antonio Valero de Bernabé

JulyDecember

Eugene Delacroix Felix Nadar 1820-1910 portraits Eugene Delacroix restored.jpg
Eugène Delacroix
Jacob Grimm JacobGrimm.jpg
Jacob Grimm

In fiction

Related Research Articles

1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1861st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 861st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1861, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1862 (MDCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1862nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 862nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 19th century, and the 3rd year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1862, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siege of Vicksburg</span> Battle of the American Civil Wars Anaconda Plan

The siege of Vicksburg was the final major military action in the Vicksburg campaign of the American Civil War. In a series of maneuvers, Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate Army of Mississippi, led by Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton, into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, leading to the successful siege and Confederate surrender.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vicksburg campaign</span> 1862–63 American Civil War campaign in Mississippi

The Vicksburg campaign was a series of maneuvers and battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War directed against Vicksburg, Mississippi, a fortress city that dominated the last Confederate-controlled section of the Mississippi River. The Union Army of the Tennessee under Major General Ulysses S. Grant gained control of the river by capturing this stronghold and defeating Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's forces stationed there.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Army of the Cumberland</span> Principal Union army unit in the Western Theater of the American Civil War

The Army of the Cumberland was one of the principal Union armies in the Western Theater during the American Civil War. It was originally known as the Army of the Ohio.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Turning point of the American Civil War</span> Overview of the turning point of the American Civil War

There is widespread disagreement among historians about the turning point of the American Civil War. A turning point in this context is an event that occurred during the conflict after which most modern scholars would agree that the eventual outcome was inevitable. The near simultaneous Battle of Gettysburg and fall of Vicksburg in July 1863 is widely cited as the military climax of the American Civil War. Several other decisive battles and events throughout the war have been proposed as turning points. The events are presented here in chronological order with only the positive arguments for each given.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Evander M. Law</span> Confederate army general

Evander McIver Law was an author, teacher, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Troop engagements of the American Civil War, 1863</span>

The following engagements took place in the year 1863 during the American Civil War. During the year, Union forces captured the Confederate cities of Vicksburg and Port Hudson, giving them complete control over the Mississippi River, while forcing Confederates out of the North following the Battle of Gettysburg.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Western theater of the American Civil War</span> American Civil War area of operations

The western theater of the American Civil War encompassed major military operations in the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee, as well as Louisiana east of the Mississippi River. Operations on the coasts of these states, except for Mobile Bay, are considered part of the Lower Seaboard Theater. Most other operations east of the Appalachian Mountains are part of the eastern theater. Operations west of the Mississippi River took place in the trans-Mississippi theater.

The Mississippi River campaigns, within the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War, were a series of military actions by the Union Army during which Union troops, helped by Union Navy gunboats and river ironclads, took control of the Cumberland River, the Tennessee River, and the Mississippi River, a main north-south avenue of transport.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hampton's Legion</span> Military unit

Hampton's Legion was an American Civil War military unit of the Confederate States of America, organized and partially financed by wealthy South Carolina planter Wade Hampton III. Initially composed of infantry, cavalry, and artillery battalions, elements of Hampton's Legion participated in virtually every major campaign in the Eastern Theater, from the first to the last battle.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the American Civil War:

Events from the year 1862 in the United States.

Events from the year 1863 in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1864 in the United States</span> List of events

Events from the year 1864 in the United States.

Hispanics in the American Civil War fought on both the Union and Confederate sides of the conflict. Not all the Hispanics who fought in the American Civil War were "Hispanic Americans" — in other words citizens of the United States. Many of them were Spanish subjects or nationals from countries in the Caribbean, Central and South America. Some were born in what later became a U.S. territory and therefore did not have the right to U.S. citizenship. It is estimated that approximately 3,500 Hispanics, mostly Mexican-Americans, Puerto Ricans and Cubans living in the United States joined the war: 2,500 for the Confederacy and 1,000 for the Union. This number increased to 10,000 by the end of the war.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ulysses S. Grant and the American Civil War</span> Wartime career of the prominent Union General.

Ulysses S. Grant was the most acclaimed Union general during the American Civil War and was twice elected president. Grant began his military career as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1839. After graduation he went on to serve with distinction as a lieutenant in the Mexican–American War. Grant was a keen observer of the war and learned battle strategies serving under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. After the war Grant served at various posts especially in the Pacific Northwest; he was forced to retire from the service in 1854 due to accusations of drunkenness. He was unable to make a success of farming and on the onset of the Civil War in April 1861, Grant was working as a clerk in his father's leather goods store in Galena, Illinois. When the war began his military experience was needed, and Congressman Elihu B. Washburne became his patron in political affairs and promotions in Illinois and nationwide.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">45th New York Infantry Regiment</span> Military unit

The 45th New York Infantry Regiment, also known as the 5th German Rifles, was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was composed almost entirely of German immigrants. Formed approximately five months after the start of hostilities, the unit's service spanned almost the entirety of the war, and it saw action in several of the war's noteworthy battles, in both the Eastern and Western Theaters.

1865 (MDCCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1865th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 865th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1865, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1864th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 864th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 19th century, and the 5th year of the 1860s decade. As of the start of 1864, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

References

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further reading