October 5

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October 5 is the 278th day of the year(279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.There are 87 days remaining until the end of the year.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

610 Year

Year 610 (DCX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 610 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Heraclius Byzantine Emperor 610–641

Heraclius was the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 610 to 641. He was responsible for introducing Greek as the Byzantine Empire's official language. His rise to power began in 608, when he and his father, Heraclius the Elder, the exarch of Africa, led a revolt against the unpopular usurper Phocas.

816 Year

Year 816 (DCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Births

Year 1274 (MCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Al-Dhahabi, known also as Ibn al-Dhahabī, a Hanbali Muhaddith and historian of Islam.

Year 1338 (MCCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

578 Year

Year 578 (DLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 578 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Justin II Emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 565 to 574

Justin II was Eastern Roman Emperor from 565 to 574. He was the husband of Sophia, nephew of Justinian I and the Empress Theodora, and was therefore a member of the Justinian Dynasty. His reign was marked by war with the Sassanid Empire, and the loss of the greater part of Italy. He presented the Cross of Justin II to Saint Peter's, Rome.

Phocas emperor of Byzantine Empire

Phocas was Byzantine Emperor from 602 to 610. The early life of Phocas is largely unknown, but he rose to prominence in 602, as a leader in the revolt against Emperor Maurice. Phocas captured Constantinople and overthrew Maurice on 23 November 602, and declared himself Byzantine Emperor on the same day. Phocas deeply distrusted the elite of Constantinople, and therefore installed his relatives in high military positions, and brutally purged his opponents. Phocas was an incompetent leader, both of the administration and army, and under him the Byzantine Empire was threatened by multiple enemies, with frequent raids in the Balkans from the Avars and Slavs, and a Sassanid invasion of the eastern provinces. Because of Phocas' incompetence and brutality, the Exarch of Carthage, Heraclius the Elder, rebelled against him. Heraclius the Elder's son, Heraclius, succeeded in taking Constantinople on 5 October 610, and executed Phocas on the same day, before declaring himself the Byzantine Emperor.

Holidays and observances

World Space Week

World Space Week (WSW) is an annual holiday observed from 4–10 October in various parts of the world, including Europe and Asia. World Space Week is officially defined as "an international celebration of science and technology, and their contribution to the betterment of the human condition."

Anna Schäffer Catholic saint

Saint Anna Schäffer was a German woman who lived in Mindelstetten in Bavaria. She was canonized by Pope Benedict XVI on October 21, 2012.

Faustina Kowalska nun and saint from Poland

Saint Maria Faustyna Kowalska of the Blessed Sacrament, popularly spelled Faustina, was a Polish Roman Catholic nun and mystic. Her apparitions of Jesus Christ inspired the Roman Catholic devotion to the Divine Mercy and earned her the title of "Apostle of Divine Mercy".

Related Research Articles

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November 22 is the 326th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 39 days remaining until the end of the year.

November 5 is the 309th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 56 days remaining until the end of the year.

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September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 108 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 5 is the 248th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 117 days remaining until the end of the year.

September 25 is the 268th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 97 days remaining until the end of the year.

April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 271 days remaining until the end of the year.

References

  1. Olster, David Michael. The politics of usurpation in the seventh century: rhetoric and revolution in Byzantium (1993 ed.). A.M. Hakkert. p. 133.
  2. Reichhardt, Tony (October 4, 2014). "The First Aerial Combat Victory". Air & Space. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
  3. "First presidential speech on TV".
  4. Instituto Salazar Y Castro: Tratado de genealogia, héràldica y derecho nobiliario: segundo curso de la Escuela de Genealogía, Heráldica y Nobiliaria]; Ediciones Hidalguia, 2001, 8489851336
  5. "Kevin Magnussen" . Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  6. Reindel, Kurt (1969). Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB), Band 8. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. p. 341. ISBN   3-428-00189-3.
  7. Rossoni, Ettore (September 22, 2005). "Giovanni Visconti". I Personaggi storici (in Italian). Melegnano. Archived from the original on 2010-06-12. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  8. James, C. L. R (1963). The Black Jacobins; Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. New York: Vintage Books. p. 252. ISBN   0394702425.