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|1377 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1377 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2130|
|Balinese saka calendar||1298–1299|
|English Regnal year||50 Edw. 3 – 1 Ric. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)|
4073 or 4013
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4074 or 4014
|- Vikram Samvat||1433–1434|
|- Shaka Samvat||1298–1299|
|- Kali Yuga||4477–4478|
|Japanese calendar|| Eiwa 3|
|Minguo calendar||535 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1919–1920|
1503 or 1122 or 350
— to —
1504 or 1123 or 351
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1377 .|
Year 1377 ( MCCCLXXVII ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
Jogaila, later Władysław II Jagiełło was the Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434) and then the King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole King of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377. Born a pagan, in 1386 he converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Władysław in Kraków, married the young Queen Jadwiga, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło. In 1387 he converted Lithuania to Christianity. His own reign in Poland started in 1399, upon the death of Queen Jadwiga, and lasted a further thirty-five years and laid the foundation for the centuries-long Polish–Lithuanian union. He was a member of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland that bears his name and was previously also known as the Gediminid dynasty in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The dynasty ruled both states until 1572, and became one of the most influential dynasties in late medieval and early modern Central and Eastern Europe. During his reign, the Polish-Lithuanian state was the largest state in the Christian world.
Algirdas was a ruler of medieval Lithuania. He ruled the Lithuanians and Ruthenians from 1345 to 1377. With the help of his brother Kęstutis he created an empire stretching from the present Baltic states to the Black Sea and to within fifty miles of Moscow.
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia and Austria.
January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 348 days remaining until the end of the year.
Pope Gregory XI was Pope from 30 December 1370 to his death in 1378. He was the seventh and last Avignon pope and the most recent French pope. In 1377, Gregory XI returned the Papal court to Rome, ending nearly 70 years of papal residency in Avignon, France. His death shortly after was followed by the Western Schism.
Avignon is a commune in south-eastern France in the department of Vaucluse on the left bank of the Rhône river. Of the 90,194 inhabitants of the city, about 12,000 live in the ancient town centre enclosed by its medieval ramparts.
A card game is any game using playing cards as the primary device with which the game is played, be they traditional or game-specific. Countless card games exist, including families of related games. A small number of card games played with traditional decks have formally standardized rules, but most are folk games whose rules vary by region, culture, and person. Games using playing cards exploit the fact that cards are individually identifiable from one side only, so that each player knows only the cards he holds and not those held by anyone else. For this reason card games are often characterized as games of chance or “imperfect information”—as distinct from games of strategy or “perfect information,” where the current position is fully visible to all players throughout the game.
John I was King of the Crown of Castile from 1379 until 1390. He was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile. He was the last monarch of Castile to receive a formal coronation.
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,084 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area.
Year 1417 (MCDXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Filippo Brunelleschi, considered to be a founding father of Renaissance architecture, was an Italian architect and designer, recognized to be the first modern engineer, planner, and sole construction supervisor. He is most famous for designing the dome of the Florence Cathedral, a feat of engineering that had not been accomplished since antiquity, as well as the development of the mathematical technique of linear perspective in art which governed pictorial depictions of space until the late 19th century and influenced the rise of modern science. His accomplishments also include other architectural works, sculpture, mathematics, engineering, and ship design. His principal surviving works can be found in Florence, Italy.
Year 1446 (MCDXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once.
February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 319 days remaining until the end of the year.
Ladislaus the Magnanimous was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier (1386–1414), and titular King of Hungary and Croatia (1390–1414). He was the last male of the senior Angevin line.
Year 1414 (MCDXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1389 (MCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
The 1380s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1380, and ended on December 31, 1389.
The 1360s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1360, and ended on December 31, 1369.
Year 1364 (MCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1394 (MCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1398 (MCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
The 1390s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1390, and ended on December 31, 1399.
The 1370s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1370, and ended on December 31, 1379.
Year 1456 (MCDLVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1376 (MCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1378 (MCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1383 (MCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1384 (MCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1399 (MCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1404 (MCDIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1447 (MCDXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
The 1400s ran from January 1, 1400, to December 31, 1409.