1370

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1370 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1370
MCCCLXX
Ab urbe condita 2123
Armenian calendar 819
ԹՎ ՊԺԹ
Assyrian calendar 6120
Balinese saka calendar 1291–1292
Bengali calendar 777
Berber calendar 2320
English Regnal year 43  Edw. 3   44  Edw. 3
Buddhist calendar 1914
Burmese calendar 732
Byzantine calendar 6878–6879
Chinese calendar 己酉(Earth  Rooster)
4066 or 4006
     to 
庚戌年 (Metal  Dog)
4067 or 4007
Coptic calendar 1086–1087
Discordian calendar 2536
Ethiopian calendar 1362–1363
Hebrew calendar 5130–5131
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1426–1427
 - Shaka Samvat 1291–1292
 - Kali Yuga 4470–4471
Holocene calendar 11370
Igbo calendar 370–371
Iranian calendar 748–749
Islamic calendar 771–772
Japanese calendar Ōan 3
(応安3年)
Javanese calendar 1283–1284
Julian calendar 1370
MCCCLXX
Korean calendar 3703
Minguo calendar 542 before ROC
民前542年
Nanakshahi calendar −98
Thai solar calendar 1912–1913
Tibetan calendar 阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
1496 or 1115 or 343
     to 
阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
1497 or 1116 or 344

Year 1370 ( MCCCLXX ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

JanuaryDecember

May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 221 days remaining until the end of the year.

Treaty of Stralsund (1370) peace treaty

The Treaty of Stralsund ended the war between the Hanseatic League and the kingdom of Denmark. The Hanseatic League reached the peak of its power by the conditions of this treaty.

Denmark constitutional monarchy in Europe

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million.

Date unknown

Crossbow Type of ranged weapon

A crossbow is a type of elastic ranged weapon in similar principle to a bow, consisting of a bow-like assembly called a prod, mounted horizontally on a main frame called a tiller, which is handheld in a similar fashion to the stock of a long gun. It shoots arrow-like projectiles called bolts or quarrels. The medieval European crossbow was called by many other names, most of which were derived from the word ballista, an ancient Greek torsion siege engine similar in appearance.

Timur Turco-Mongol ruler

Timur, historically known as Amir Timur and Tamerlane, was a Turco-Mongol conqueror. As the founder of the Timurid Empire in Persia and Central Asia, he became the first ruler in the Timurid dynasty. According to John Joseph Saunders, Timur was "the product of an islamized and iranized society", and not steppe nomadic.

Central Asia core region of the Asian continent

Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north. The region consists of the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It is also colloquially referred to as "the stans" as the countries generally considered to be within the region all have names ending with the Persian suffix "-stan", meaning "land of".

Births

April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 264 days remaining until the end of the year.

Frederick I, Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony

Frederick I, the Belligerent orthe Warlike, a member of the House of Wettin, ruled as Margrave of Meissen from 1407 and Elector of Saxony from 1423 until his death.

Year 1428 (MCDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

Related Research Articles

1572 Year

Year 1572 (MDLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1582 Year

1582 (MDLXXXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1582nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 582nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 16th century, and the 3rd year of the 1580s decade. As of the start of 1582, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which had previously been the universally accepted calendar in Christian nations. However, this year saw the beginning of the Gregorian Calendar switch, when the Papal bull known as Inter gravissimas introduced the Gregorian calendar, adopted by Spain, Portugal, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and most of present-day Italy from the start. In these countries, the year continued as normal until Thursday, October 4. However, the next day became Friday, October 15, in those countries. Other countries continued using the Julian calendar for decades or, in some cases, centuries. The complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was not entirely done until 1923. In the Proleptic Gregorian calendar, 1582 is a common year starting on Friday.

1380 Year

Year 1380 (MCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1320 (MCCCXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1458 (MCDLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1341 (MCCCXLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Casimir IV Jagiellon King of Poland

Casimir IV KG of the Jagiellonian dynasty was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440 and King of Poland from 1447, until his death. He was one of the most active Polish rulers, under whom Poland, by defeating the Teutonic Knights in the Thirteen Years' War recovered Pomerania, and the Jagiellonian dynasty became one of the leading royal houses in Europe. He was a strong opponent of aristocracy, and helped to strengthen the importance of Parliament and the Senate.

Year 1496 (MCDXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1484 (MCDLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1456 (MCDLVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1367 (MCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1435 Year

Year 1435 (MCDXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1310 (MCCCX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1329 (MCCCXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1298 (MCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Elizabeth of Austria (1436–1505) Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania

Elizabeth of Austria was the wife of King Casimir IV of Poland and thus Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania. Orphaned at an early age, she spent her childhood in the court of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. As one of the three surviving grandchildren of Emperor Sigismund, she had a strong claim to the kingdoms of Hungary and Bohemia. That made her an attractive bride for a Polish prince. The Polish nobility, seeking to increase Polish influence in Hungary and Bohemia, pursued marriage with Elizabeth since she was born and finally succeeded in 1454. Her marriage to Casimir was one of the most successful royal marriages in Poland. She gave birth to thirteen children, eleven of whom survived to adulthood. Four of her sons were crowned as kings.

Stephen of Anjou Duke of Slavonia, Prince and Regent of Hungary

Stephen was a Hungarian royal prince of the Capetian House of Anjou. He was the youngest son of Charles I of Hungary and Elizabeth of Poland to survive childhood. He was styled as duke of Slavonia from 1339 to 1346, but he had no role in the government of the province. Stephen's separate household was set up in 1349. In this year, he received the counties of Szepes and Sáros from his brother, Louis I of Hungary. Louis made him duke of Transylvania in late 1349, but soon appointed him to administer Slavonia.

Bolko V the Hussite was a Duke of Opole between 1422–1424, ruler over Głogówek and Prudnik since 1424, Duke of Strzelce and Niemodlin from 1450 and ruler over Olesno since 1455.

John was a Hungarian royal prince of the Capetian House of Anjou. He was the only son of Stephen of Anjou, Duke of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slavonia, and Margaret of Bavaria. He inherited his father's duchies shortly after his birth. He was regarded the heir to his childless uncle, Louis I of Hungary, who also secured John's right to inherit Poland from Casimir III of Poland. Both Louis I and Casimir III survived John who died prematurely.

References

  1. "Blessed Urban V | pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 March 2019.