1326

Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1326 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1326
MCCCXXVI
Ab urbe condita 2079
Armenian calendar 775
ԹՎ ՉՀԵ
Assyrian calendar 6076
Balinese saka calendar 1247–1248
Bengali calendar 733
Berber calendar 2276
English Regnal year 19  Edw. 2   20  Edw. 2
Buddhist calendar 1870
Burmese calendar 688
Byzantine calendar 6834–6835
Chinese calendar 乙丑(Wood  Ox)
4022 or 3962
     to 
丙寅年 (Fire  Tiger)
4023 or 3963
Coptic calendar 1042–1043
Discordian calendar 2492
Ethiopian calendar 1318–1319
Hebrew calendar 5086–5087
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1382–1383
 - Shaka Samvat 1247–1248
 - Kali Yuga 4426–4427
Holocene calendar 11326
Igbo calendar 326–327
Iranian calendar 704–705
Islamic calendar 726–727
Japanese calendar Shōchū 3 / Karyaku 1
(嘉暦元年)
Javanese calendar 1237–1238
Julian calendar 1326
MCCCXXVI
Korean calendar 3659
Minguo calendar 586 before ROC
民前586年
Nanakshahi calendar −142
Thai solar calendar 1868–1869
Tibetan calendar 阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1452 or 1071 or 299
     to 
阳火虎年
(male Fire-Tiger)
1453 or 1072 or 300

Year 1326 ( MCCCXXVI ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

JanuaryDecember

February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 324 days remaining until the end of the year.

March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 295 days remaining until the end of the year.

The Raid on Brandenburg was a Polish–Lithuanian raid on the Margraviate of Brandenburg in February–March 1326. With papal approval and encouragement, King Władysław I of Poland allied with Gediminas of Lithuania and organized the raid against Louis V of Germany. Pope John XXII opposed Louis' ambitions to become the Holy Roman Emperor, King Władysław regarded Neumark as Polish territory, while Lithuanians sought loot. The Teutonic Knights, under papal pressure, observed its peace treaties with Poland and Lithuania and did not interfere. The Polish–Lithuanian army raided Brandenburg for a month, reaching Frankfurt and Berlin, and took 6,000 prisoners.

Date unknown

Osman I Ottoman sultan

Osman I or Osman Gazi, sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty. He and the dynasty bearing his name later established and ruled the nascent Ottoman Empire. The state, while only a small principality during Osman's lifetime, transformed into a world empire in the centuries after his death. It existed until shortly after the end of World War I. Historians commonly mark the end date at the abolition of the sultanate in 1922, the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, or the abolition of the caliphate in 1924.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Asia, Europe and Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Ingeborg of Norway Norwegian politician

Ingeborg of Norway, was a Norwegian princess and by marriage a Swedish royal duchess with a position in the regency governments in Norway (1319–27) and Sweden (1319–26) during the minority of her son, King Magnus of Norway and Sweden. In 1318–1319, she was Sweden's de facto ruler, and from 1319 until 1326, she was Sweden's first de jure female regent.

Births

March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 301 days remaining until the end of the year.

Louis I of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia

Louis I, also Louis the Great ; or Louis the Hungarian, was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1342 and King of Poland from 1370. He was the first child of Charles I of Hungary and his wife, Elizabeth of Poland, to survive infancy. A 1338 treaty between his father and Casimir III of Poland, Louis's maternal uncle, confirmed Louis's right to inherit the Kingdom of Poland if his uncle died without a son. In exchange, Louis was obliged to assist his uncle to reoccupy the lands that Poland had lost in previous decades. He bore the title of Duke of Transylvania between 1339 and 1342 but did not administer the province.

Year 1382 (MCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

Related Research Articles

Year 1451 (MCDLI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1568 Year

Year 1568 (MDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1320s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1320, and ended on December 31, 1329.

Year 1400 (MCD) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1461 (MCDLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1338 (MCCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1579 Year

Year 1579 (MDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

1513 Year

Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1479 (MCDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar).

Year 1408 (MCDVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1328 (MCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Isabella of France 14th-century French princess and queen of England

Isabella of France, sometimes described as the She-Wolf of France, was Queen of England as the wife of Edward II, and regent of England from 1327 until 1330. She was the youngest surviving child and only surviving daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. Queen Isabella was notable at the time for her beauty, diplomatic skills, and intelligence.

Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel English Earl

Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel was an English nobleman prominent in the conflict between Edward II and his barons. His father, Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel, died on 9 March 1301, while Edmund was still a minor. He therefore became a ward of John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, and married Warenne's granddaughter Alice. In 1306 he was styled Earl of Arundel, and served under Edward I in the Scottish Wars, for which he was richly rewarded.

Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March English nobleman and rebel

Roger Mortimer, 3rd Baron Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, was an English nobleman and powerful Marcher lord who gained many estates in the Welsh Marches and Ireland following his advantageous marriage to the wealthy heiress Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville. In November 1316, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1322 for having led the Marcher lords in a revolt against King Edward II in what became known as the Despenser War. He later escaped to France, where he was joined by Edward's queen consort Isabella, whom he may have taken as his mistress. After he and Isabella led a successful invasion and rebellion, Edward was subsequently deposed; Mortimer allegedly arranged his murder at Berkeley Castle. For three years, Mortimer was de facto ruler of England before being himself overthrown by Edward's eldest son, Edward III. Accused of assuming royal power and other crimes, Mortimer was executed by hanging at Tyburn.

John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel was an English nobleman. He was also feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches.

Events from the 1320s in England.

This article is about the particular significance of the century 1301 - 1400 to Wales and its people.

Margaret de Clare, Baroness Badlesmere was a Norman-Irish noblewoman, suo jure heiress, and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere.

Alice de Warenne, Countess of Arundel was an English noblewoman and heir apparent to the Earldom of Surrey. In 1305, she married Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel.

Isabella de Beauchamp, Lady Kidwelly, Baroness Despenser, was an English noblewoman and wealthy heiress.

References

  1. "Edward III marriage contract auctioned". BBC History Magazine. BBC (May 2019): 13.
  2. "BBC - Radio 4 - This Sceptred Isle - Isabella and Mortimer". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  3. "Louis I | king of Hungary". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  4. "Ivan II | Russian prince". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 August 2018.