|1261 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1261 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2014|
|Balinese saka calendar||1182–1183|
|English Regnal year||45 Hen. 3 – 46 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 庚申年 (Metal Monkey)|
3957 or 3897
— to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
3958 or 3898
|- Vikram Samvat||1317–1318|
|- Shaka Samvat||1182–1183|
|- Kali Yuga||4361–4362|
|Japanese calendar|| Bun'ō 2 / Kōchō 1|
|Minguo calendar||651 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1803–1804|
1387 or 1006 or 234
— to —
1388 or 1007 or 235
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1261 .|
Year 1261 ( MCCLXI ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.
Pope Alexander IV was Pope from 12 December 1254 to his death in 1261.
March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 293 days remaining until the end of the year.
Year 1287 (MCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Daniil Aleksandrovich was the youngest son of Alexander Nevsky and forefather of all the Grand Dukes of Moscow.
St. Alexander Yaroslavich Nevsky served as Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev (1236–52) and Grand Prince of Vladimir (1252–63) during some of the most difficult times in Kievan Rus' history.
February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 333 days remaining until the end of the year.
Walter de Stapledon was Bishop of Exeter 1308–1326 and twice Lord High Treasurer of England, in 1320 and 1322. He founded Exeter College, Oxford and contributed liberally to the rebuilding of Exeter Cathedral. His tomb and monument, of great architectural importance, survives in Exeter Cathedral.
Year 1326 (MCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
An-Nasir Dawud (1206–1261) was a Kurdish ruler, briefly (1227–1229) Ayyubid sultan of Damascus and later (1229–1248) Emir of Kerak.
Bettisia Gozzadini was a jurist who lectured at the University of Bologna from about 1239. She is thought to be the first woman to have taught at a university.
Year 1209 (MCCIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 306 days remaining until the end of the year.
Henry III of Brabant was Duke of Brabant between 1248 and his death. He was the son of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen.
May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 220 days remaining until the end of the year.
Year 1268 (MCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
This is a list of people, places, things, and concepts related to or originating from the Byzantine Empire. Feel free to add more, and create missing pages. You can track changes to the articles included in this list from here.
The Palaiologos, also found in English-language literature as Palaeologus or Palaeologue, was the name of a Byzantine Greek family, which rose to nobility and ultimately produced the last ruling dynasty of the Byzantine Empire.