1261

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1261 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1261
MCCLXI
Ab urbe condita 2014
Armenian calendar 710
ԹՎ ՉԺ
Assyrian calendar 6011
Balinese saka calendar 1182–1183
Bengali calendar 668
Berber calendar 2211
English Regnal year 45  Hen. 3   46  Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1805
Burmese calendar 623
Byzantine calendar 6769–6770
Chinese calendar 庚申(Metal  Monkey)
3957 or 3897
     to 
辛酉年 (Metal  Rooster)
3958 or 3898
Coptic calendar 977–978
Discordian calendar 2427
Ethiopian calendar 1253–1254
Hebrew calendar 5021–5022
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1317–1318
 - Shaka Samvat 1182–1183
 - Kali Yuga 4361–4362
Holocene calendar 11261
Igbo calendar 261–262
Iranian calendar 639–640
Islamic calendar 659–660
Japanese calendar Bun'ō 2 / Kōchō 1
(弘長元年)
Javanese calendar 1170–1171
Julian calendar 1261
MCCLXI
Korean calendar 3594
Minguo calendar 651 before ROC
民前651年
Nanakshahi calendar −207
Thai solar calendar 1803–1804
Tibetan calendar 阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1387 or 1006 or 234
     to 
阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
1388 or 1007 or 235
Hagia Sofia in Constantinople. The city is captured by the Empire of Nicaea on July 25, thus re-establishing the Byzantine Empire. Hagia-Sofia-01s.jpg
Hagia Sofia in Constantinople. The city is captured by the Empire of Nicaea on July 25, thus re-establishing the Byzantine Empire.

Year 1261 ( MCCLXI ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

Pope Alexander IV pope

Pope Alexander IV was Pope from 12 December 1254 to his death in 1261.

March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 293 days remaining until the end of the year.

Births

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 333 days remaining until the end of the year.

Walter de Stapledon 14th-century Bishop of Exeter and Treasurer of England

Walter de Stapledon was Bishop of Exeter 1308–1326 and twice Lord High Treasurer of England, in 1320 and 1322. He founded Exeter College, Oxford and contributed liberally to the rebuilding of Exeter Cathedral. His tomb and monument, of great architectural importance, survives in Exeter Cathedral.

Year 1326 (MCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

Bettisia Gozzadini, lithograph from Carolina Bonafede, Cenni biografici ... , 1845 Bettisia Gozzadini, lithograph from Carolina Bonafede, Cenni biografici ... , 1845.jpg
Bettisia Gozzadini, lithograph from Carolina Bonafede, Cenni biografici … , 1845

February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 306 days remaining until the end of the year.

Henry III, Duke of Brabant Dutch noble

Henry III of Brabant was Duke of Brabant between 1248 and his death. He was the son of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen.

May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 220 days remaining until the end of the year.

Related Research Articles

1268 Year

Year 1268 (MCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

This is a list of people, places, things, and concepts related to or originating from the Byzantine Empire. Feel free to add more, and create missing pages. You can track changes to the articles included in this list from here.

Palaiologos Greek Imperial Family

The Palaiologos, also found in English-language literature as Palaeologus or Palaeologue, was the name of a Byzantine Greek family, which rose to nobility and ultimately produced the last ruling dynasty of the Byzantine Empire.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades. Routledge. p. 112. ISBN   9781135131371.
  2. Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 144–146. ISBN   0-304-35730-8.
  3. BBC History, July 2011, p. 12.