1306

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1306 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1306
MCCCVI
Ab urbe condita 2059
Armenian calendar 755
ԹՎ ՉԾԵ
Assyrian calendar 6056
Balinese saka calendar 1227–1228
Bengali calendar 713
Berber calendar 2256
English Regnal year 34  Edw. 1   35  Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar 1850
Burmese calendar 668
Byzantine calendar 6814–6815
Chinese calendar 乙巳(Wood  Snake)
4002 or 3942
     to 
丙午年 (Fire  Horse)
4003 or 3943
Coptic calendar 1022–1023
Discordian calendar 2472
Ethiopian calendar 1298–1299
Hebrew calendar 5066–5067
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1362–1363
 - Shaka Samvat 1227–1228
 - Kali Yuga 4406–4407
Holocene calendar 11306
Igbo calendar 306–307
Iranian calendar 684–685
Islamic calendar 705–706
Japanese calendar Kagen 4 / Tokuji 1
(徳治元年)
Javanese calendar 1217–1218
Julian calendar 1306
MCCCVI
Korean calendar 3639
Minguo calendar 606 before ROC
民前606年
Nanakshahi calendar −162
Thai solar calendar 1848–1849
Tibetan calendar 阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1432 or 1051 or 279
     to 
阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
1433 or 1052 or 280

Year 1306 ( MCCCVI ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

JanuaryDecember

February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 324 days remaining until the end of the year.

Robert the Bruce King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329

Robert I, popularly known as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, and eventually led Scotland during the First War of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent country and is today revered in Scotland as a national hero.

March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 281 days remaining until the end of the year.

Date unknown

Philip IV of France King of France 1285-1314

Philip IV, called Philip the Fair, was King of France from 1285 until his death. By virtue of his marriage with Joan I of Navarre, he was also King of Navarre as Philip I from 1284 to 1305, as well as Count of Champagne. Although Philip was known as handsome, hence the epithet le Bel, his rigid and inflexible personality gained him other nicknames, such as the Iron King. His fierce opponent Bernard Saisset, bishop of Pamiers, said of him: "he is neither man nor beast. He is a statue."

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

India Country in South Asia

India, also known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Births

August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 145 days remaining until the end of the year.

Year 1353 (MCCCLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Isabella of Brienne (1306–1360) was suo jure Countess of Lecce and Conversano, claimant to the Duchy of Athens and Kingdom of Jerusalem, etc.

Deaths

Araniko Nepalese artist and architect

Aniko, Anige or Araniko (1245 - 1306) was one of the key figures in the arts of Nepal and Yuan Dynasty of China, and the artistic exchanges in these areas. He was born in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, during the reign of Abhaya Malla. He is known for building the White Stupa at the Miaoying Temple in Beijing. During the reign of Jaya Bhim Dev Malla, he was sent on a project to build a golden stupa in Tibet, where he also initiated into monkhood. From Tibet he was sent further to North China to work in the court of the emperor Kublai Khan, the founder of Yuan dynasty (1279–1368), where he brought the trans-Himalayan artistic tradition to China. In his later life, he renounced monkhood and started his family in China. He married seven other women from whom he had a total of six sons and eight daughters.

Nepalis Citizens and people have allegiance to Nepal

The Nepalis are citizens of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law. The country is home to people of many different national and ethnic origins. As a result, people of Nepal do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance. Although citizens make up the majority of Nepali, non-citizen residents, dual citizen and expatriates may also claim a Nepali identity.

Year 1245 (MCCXLV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Related Research Articles

The 1300s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1300, and ended on December 31, 1309.

Year 1147 (MCXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1329 (MCCCXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1266 Year

Year 1266 (MCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Wars of Scottish Independence war of national liberation

The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.

Elizabeth de Burgh Scottish royal consort

Elizabeth de Burgh was the second wife and the only queen consort of King Robert the Bruce. Elizabeth was born sometime around 1284, probably in Down or Antrim in Ireland. She was the daughter of one of the most powerful Irish nobles of the period, Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster, who was a close friend and ally of Edward I of England.

John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch and Lord of Lochaber, also known simply as the Red Comyn, was a Scottish nobleman who was an important figure in the First War of Scottish Independence, and was Guardian of Scotland during the Second Interregnum (1296–1306). In this capacity, he commanded the defence of Scotland against English attacks. He is best known for having been stabbed to death by Robert the Bruce before the altar at the church of the Greyfriars at Dumfries.

First War of Scottish Independence war between English and Scottish forces

The First War of Scottish Independence was the initial chapter of engagements in a series of warring periods between English and Scottish forces lasting from the invasion by England in 1296 until the de jure restoration of Scottish independence with the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton in 1328. De facto independence was established in 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn. England attempted to establish its authority over Scotland while the Scots fought to keep English rule and authority out of Scotland.

Isabella MacDuff, Countess of Buchan Scottish noblewoman, figure in the Wars of Scottish Independence

Isabella MacDuff, Countess of Buchan was a significant figure in the Wars of Scottish Independence.

Guardian of Scotland

The Guardians of Scotland were the de facto heads of state of Scotland during the First Interregnum of 1290–1292, and the Second Interregnum of 1296–1306. During the many years of minority in Scotland's subsequent history, there were many guardians of Scotland and the post was a significant constitutional feature in the course of development for politics in the country.

William II, Earl of Ross Earl of Ross

William, Earl of Ross was ruler of the province of Ross in northern Scotland, and a prominent figure in the Wars of Scottish Independence.

Clan Bruce Scottish clan from Kincardine in Scotland; Royal House

Clan Bruce is a Scottish clan. It was a royal house in the 14th century, producing two kings of Scotland and a disputed High King of Ireland, Edward Bruce.

Battle of Dalrigh Scottish battle

The Battle of Dalrigh, also known as the Battle of Dail Righ, Battle of Dalry or Battle of Strathfillan, was fought in the summer of 1306 between the army of King Robert I of Scotland against the Clan MacDougall of Argyll who were allies of Clan Comyn and the English. It took place at the hamlet of Dalrigh near Tyndrum in Perthshire, Scotland. Bruce's army, reeling westwards after defeat by the English on June 23 at the Battle of Methven, was intercepted and all but destroyed, with Bruce himself narrowly escaping capture. The battle took place sometime between July and early August, but the exact date is unknown.

John Comyn, Earl of Buchan Scottish noble

John Comyn, 3rd Earl of Buchan was a chief opponent of Robert the Bruce in the civil war that paralleled the War of Scottish Independence. He should not be confused with the better known John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, who was his cousin, and who was killed by Bruce in Dumfries in March 1306. Confusion between the two men has affected the study of this period of history.

Events from the 1300s in England.

Sir Christopher Seton (1278–1306), also known as Christopher de Seton, was a 13th-century noble, who held lands in England and Scotland. He was a supporter of Robert the Bruce and obtained Robert's sisters hand in marriage. Present during the killing of John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch at Greyfriars Church, Dumfries, he also killed Sir Robert Comyn, who had rushed to Badenoch's aid. Seton was captured at Loch Doon Castle and executed at Dumfries in 1306.

Events from the year 1306 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

Sir John de Seton was a knight who took part in the War of Scottish Independence, as a supporter of Robert de Brus. He held lands in England and Scotland.

References

  1. Luttrell, Anthony (1975). "The Hospitallers at Rhodes, 1306–1421". In Hazard, Harry W. A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 278–313. ISBN   0-299-06670-3.
  2. Favier, Jean (2012). Le Bourgeois de Paris au Moyen Age. Paris: Tallandier. p. 135.
  3. Nirenberg, David (1998). Communities of violence: persecution of minorities in the Middle Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 18. ISBN   0-691-05889-X.
  4. Holland, John (1841). The history and description of fossil fuel, the collieries, and coal trade of Great Britain. London: Whittaker and Company. pp. 313–314.