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Breviarium Grimani - Juli.jpg

July is the seventh month of the year (between June and August) in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Caesar, it being the month of his birth. Prior to that, it was called Quintilis, being the fifth month of the 10-month calendar.

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It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer, and the coldest month in much of the Southern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of winter. The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern Hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January in the Northern hemisphere.

"Dog days" are considered to begin in early July in the Northern Hemisphere, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts. Spring lambs born in late winter or early spring are usually sold before 1 July.

July is the traditional period known as "fence month," the closed season for deer in England. The end of England's High Court of Justice Trinity Term takes place on 31 July. July is also the time in which the elections take place for the Japanese House of Councillors, held every three years and replacing half of its seats.

In Ancient Rome, the festival of Poplifugia was celebrated on 5 July, and Ludi Apollinares was held on 13 July and for several days afterwards. However, these dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

July symbols

Observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.

July, from the Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry Les Tres Riches Heures du duc de Berry juillet.jpg
July, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4 Fourth of July fireworks behind the Washington Monument, 1986.jpg
Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4

Month-long observances

Non-Gregorian observances, 2019

(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Canada Day is celebrated on July 1 Canada Day 2014 @ Canada Place (14373380559).jpg
Canada Day is celebrated on July 1

Movable observances, 2020

First Friday: July 3

First Saturday: July 4

First Saturday and Sunday: July 4–5

First Sunday: July 5

Sunday closest to 2 July: July 5

First full week in July: July 5–11

First Monday: July 6

5 July or following Monday if it's a weekend: July 6

Day after first Monday: July 7

Second Thursday: July 9

Second Sunday: July 12

Nearest Sunday to 11 July: July 12

Third Monday

Third Sunday: July 19

Second to last Sunday in July and the following two weeks: July 19-August 1

Third Tuesday: July 20

Fourth Sunday: July 26

Friday preceding the Fourth Saturday and the following Sunday: July 24-August 2

Fourth Thursday: July 28

Last Saturday: July 25

Last Sunday: July 30

Thursday before the first Monday: July 30

Following Friday: July 31

Last Friday: July 31

Fixed Gregorian observances

See also

Related Research Articles

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April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the fifth in the early Julian, the first of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the second of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.

August Eighth month in the Julian and Gregorian calendars

August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the fifth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was originally named Sextilis in Latin because it was the sixth month in the original ten-month Roman calendar under Romulus in 753 BC, with March being the first month of the year. About 700 BC, it became the eighth month when January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 46 BC, giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC, it was renamed in honor of Augustus. According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the conquest of Egypt.

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February is the second month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. The month has 28 days in common years or 29 in leap years, with the quadrennial 29th day being called the leap day. It is the first of five months to have fewer than 31 days and the only one to have fewer than 30 days. The other seven months have 31 days. February starts on the same day of the week as March and November in common years and August in leap years. It ends on the same day of the week as October in all years. In leap years preceding common years or common years preceding leap years, it begins on the same day of the week as May of the following year and ends on the same day of the week as April of the following year. In common years preceding common years, it begins on the same day of the week as August of the following year and ends on the same day of the week as July of the following year. It also begins on the same day of the week as June of the previous year and ends on the same day of the week as August and November of the previous year. In 2020, February had 29 days.

January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours. June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern Hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June. In the Southern Hemisphere, meteorological winter begins on 1 June.

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Lists of holidays by various categorizations.

According to 2010 government statistics, Christian groups form about 96% of the Kiribati population by census counts, most of whom are either Catholic or members of the Kiribati Uniting Church. Persons with no religious affiliation account for about 0.05% of the population. Members of the Catholic Church are concentrated in the northern islands, while Protestants are the majority in the southern islands.

This is a timeline of events related to the Spanish American wars of independence. Numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America took place during the early 19th century, from 1808 until 1829, directly related to the Napoleonic French invasion of Spain. The conflict started with short-lived governing juntas established in Chuquisaca and Quito opposing the composition of the Supreme Central Junta of Seville. When the Central Junta fell to the French, numerous new Juntas appeared all across the Americas, eventually resulting in a chain of newly independent countries stretching from Argentina and Chile in the south, to Mexico in the north. After the death of the king Ferdinand VII, in 1833, only Cuba and Puerto Rico remained under Spanish rule, until the Spanish–American War in 1898.

The following lists events that happened during 2020 in The Caribbean.

References

  1. The Earth passed the junction of the signs at 08:36 UT/GMT July 22, 2020, and will pass it again at 14:26 UT/GMT July 22, 2021.
  2. "Astrology Calendar", yourzodiacsign. Signs in UT/GMT for 1950–2030.
  3. https://anydayguide.com/calendar/2202
  4. https://anydayguide.com/calendar/2223