July

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July is the seventh month of the year (between June and August) in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Caesar, it being the month of his birth. Prior to that, it was called Quintilis, being the fifth month of the 10-month calendar.

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It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer, and the coldest month in much of the Southern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of winter. The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern Hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January in the Northern hemisphere.

"Dog days" are considered to begin in early July in the Northern Hemisphere, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts. Spring lambs born in late winter or early spring are usually sold before 1 July.

July is the traditional period known as "fence month," the closed season for deer in England. The end of England's High Court of Justice Trinity Term takes place on 31 July. July is also the time in which the elections take place for the Japanese House of Councillors, held every three years and replacing half of its seats.

In Ancient Rome, the festival of Poplifugia was celebrated on 5 July, and Ludi Apollinares was held on 13 July and for several days afterwards. However, these dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

July symbols

Observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.

July, from the Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry Les Tres Riches Heures du duc de Berry juillet.jpg
July, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4 Fourth of July fireworks behind the Washington Monument, 1986.jpg
Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4

Month-long observances

Non-Gregorian observances, 2019

(All Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Canada Day is celebrated on July 1 Canada Day 2014 @ Canada Place (14373380559).jpg
Canada Day is celebrated on July 1

Movable observances, 2020

First Friday: July 3

First Saturday: July 4

First Saturday and Sunday: July 4-5

First Sunday: July 5

Sunday closest to 2 July: July 5

First full week in July: July 5-11

First Monday: July 6

5 July or following Monday if it's a weekend: July 6

Day after first Monday: July 7

Second Thursday: July 9

Second Sunday: July 12

Nearest Sunday to 11 July: July 12

Third Monday:

Third Sunday: July 19

Second to last Sunday in July and the following two weeks: July 19-August 1

Third Tuesday: July 20

Fourth Sunday: July 23

Friday preceding the Fourth Saturday and the following Sunday: July 24-August 2

Fourth Thursday: July 28

Last Saturday: July 29

Last Sunday: July 30

Thursday before the first Monday: July 30

Following Friday: July 31

Last Friday: July 31

Fixed Gregorian observances


See also

Related Research Articles

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