October 19

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October 19 is the 292nd day of the year(293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 73 days remain until the end of the year.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar spaces leap years to make the average year 365.2425 days long, approximating the 365.2422-day tropical year that is determined by the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The rule for leap years is:

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 are not leap years, but the year 2000 is.

Contents

Events

Year 202 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Geminus and Nero. The denomination 202 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Battle of Zama Final battle of the Second Punic War

The Battle of Zama—fought in 202 BC near Zama (Tunisia)—marked the end of the Second Punic War. A Roman army led by Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (Scipio), with crucial support from Numidian leader Masinissa, defeated the Carthaginian army led by Hannibal.

439 Year

Year 439 (CDXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Theodosius and Festus. The denomination 439 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Births

879 Year

Year 879 (DCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Khitan people a nomadic people who founded the Liao dynasty

The Khitan people were a nomadic people from Northeast Asia who, from the 4th century, inhabited an area corresponding to parts of modern Mongolia, Northeast China and the Russian Far East.

Liao dynasty former empire in East Asia

The Liao dynasty, also known as the Liao Empire, officially the Great Liao, or the Khitan (Qidan) State, was an empire and imperial dynasty in East Asia that ruled from 916 to 1125 over present-day Northern and Northeast China, Mongolia and portions of the Russian Far East and North Korea. The empire was founded by Yelü Abaoji, Khagan of the Khitans around the time of the collapse of the Tang dynasty and was the first state to control all of Manchuria. Being ruled by the Khitan Yelü clan, the Liao dynasty is considered by historians to be a conquest dynasty of China.

Deaths

727 Year

Year 727 (DCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 727 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Frithuswith Anglo-Saxon noble and patron saint of Oxford, England

Saint Frithuswith was an English princess and abbess. She is credited with establishing a religious site later incorporated into Christ Church in Oxford – Frithuswith was the first abbess of this Oxford double monastery. Frithuswith was the daughter of a Mercian sub-king named Dida of Eynsham, whose lands occupied western Oxfordshire and the upper reaches of the River Thames. Dida is known to have endowed churches in Bampton and Oxford.

993 Year

Year 993 (CMXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.


Holidays and observances

Aaron is a saint of the Coptic Church. He has an annual feast in that church on October 19.

Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria major transnational Oriental Orthodox church led by the Patriarch of Alexandria on the Holy See of St. Mark

The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Africa and the Middle East. The head of the Church and the See of Alexandria is the Patriarch of Alexandria on the Holy See of Saint Mark, who also carries the title of Coptic Pope. The See of Alexandria is titular, and today the Coptic Pope presides from Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in the Abbassia District in Cairo. The church follows the Alexandrian Rite for its liturgy, prayer and devotional patrimony. With 18–22 million members worldwide, whereof about 15 to 20 million are in Egypt, it is the country's largest Christian church.

Saint Aquilinus was a Frankish bishop and hermit. Born in Bayeux, he had been a warrior in the service of Clovis II and married in 660 at Chartres. He moved to Évreux with his wife, and both cared for the poor and sick in this town. In 670, he was named bishop of the city, but Aquilinus preferred to live as a hermit. His feast day is 19 October.

Related Research Articles

April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 269 days remain until the end of the year.

April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 262 days remain until the end of the year.

April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 268 days remain until the end of the year.

December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. Seven days remain until the end of the year.

July 10 is the 191st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 174 days remain until the end of the year.

June 21 is the 172nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 193 days remain until the end of the year.

January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 348 days remain until the end of the year.

March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 295 days remain until the end of the year.

November 27 is the 331st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 34 days remain until the end of the year.

November 22 is the 326th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 39 days remain until the end of the year.

November 7 is the 311th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 54 days remain until the end of the year.

November 8 is the 312th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 53 days remain until the end of the year.

November 3 is the 307th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 58 days remain until the end of the year.

October 24 is the 297th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 68 days remain until the end of the year.

October 10 is the 283rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 82 days remain until the end of the year.

October 18 is the 291st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 74 days remain until the end of the year.

September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 108 days remain until the end of the year.

September 6 is the 249th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 116 days remain until the end of the year.

September 13 is the 256th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 109 days remain until the end of the year.

September 25 is the 268th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 97 days remain until the end of the year.

References

  1. Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1887). "Charlton, John de"  . Dictionary of National Biography . 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 126.