1545

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1545 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1545
MDXLV
Ab urbe condita 2298
Armenian calendar 994
ԹՎ ՋՂԴ
Assyrian calendar 6295
Balinese saka calendar 1466–1467
Bengali calendar 952
Berber calendar 2495
English Regnal year 36  Hen. 8   37  Hen. 8
Buddhist calendar 2089
Burmese calendar 907
Byzantine calendar 7053–7054
Chinese calendar 甲辰(Wood  Dragon)
4241 or 4181
     to 
乙巳年 (Wood  Snake)
4242 or 4182
Coptic calendar 1261–1262
Discordian calendar 2711
Ethiopian calendar 1537–1538
Hebrew calendar 5305–5306
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1601–1602
 - Shaka Samvat 1466–1467
 - Kali Yuga 4645–4646
Holocene calendar 11545
Igbo calendar 545–546
Iranian calendar 923–924
Islamic calendar 951–952
Japanese calendar Tenbun 14
(天文14年)
Javanese calendar 1463–1464
Julian calendar 1545
MDXLV
Korean calendar 3878
Minguo calendar 367 before ROC
民前367年
Nanakshahi calendar 77
Thai solar calendar 2087–2088
Tibetan calendar 阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
1671 or 1290 or 518
     to 
阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1672 or 1291 or 519
July 18 - July 19: Battle of the Solent Cowdray engraving-full-lowres.jpg
July 18 July 19: Battle of the Solent

Year 1545 ( MDXLV ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The french also were in battle with England, they had war and the Mary Rose sank

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC/BCE), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC/BCE), by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and Greek astronomers such as Sosigenes of Alexandria.

Contents

Events

JanuaryJune

February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 312 days remain until the end of the year.

Firman

A firman, or ferman (Turkish), at the constitutional level, was a royal mandate or decree issued by a sovereign in an Islamic state, namely the Ottoman Empire. During various periods they were collected and applied as traditional bodies of law. The word firman comes from Persian فرمان meaning "decree" or "order".

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known to its inhabitants and the Eastern world as Rome (Rûm), and known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. Although initially the dynasty was of Turkic origin, it was thoroughly Persianised in terms of language, culture, literature and habits. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

JulyDecember

July 18 is the 199th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 166 days remain until the end of the year.

July 19 is the 200th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 165 days remain until the end of the year.

Battle of the Solent Naval conflict between England and France in 1545

The naval Battle of the Solent took place on 18 and 19 July 1545 during the Italian Wars between the fleets of Francis I of France and Henry VIII of England, in the Solent between Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. The engagement was inconclusive, and is most notable for the sinking of the English carrack Mary Rose.

Undated

The Battle of Sokhoista was fought between the Ottoman and Georgian armies at the Sokhoista field in what is now northeastern Turkey in 1545. It was the last attempt of the separate Georgian dynasts to fight as one unit against the Ottoman expansion, but ended in their decisive defeat. This might be the same battle as mentioned by Rüstem Pasha to have been fought at nearby Zivin.

Georgia (country) Country in the Caucasus region

Georgia, known until 1995 as the Republic of Georgia, is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

Diogo I Nkumbi a Mpudi was manikongo in 1545–1561. King Diogo was the grandson of king Afonso I of Kongo and won the throne after overthrowing his uncle Pedro Nkanga a Mvemba and forcing him to take refuge in a church in São Salvador. Diogo's early struggles are documented in a legal inquest he conducted in 1550 into a plot against him launched by the former king. In 1555, the king cut all ties with the Portuguese whom he saw as meddlesome and a threat to the kingdom and expelled all 70 Portuguese inhabitants from the kingdom.

Births

Elisabeth of Valois Isabel de Valois2.jpg
Elisabeth of Valois
Anna Maria of Sweden Anna of the Veldenz Palatinate 1580 by unknown.jpg
Anna Maria of Sweden

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Magnus Heinason Faroese naval hero

Magnus Heinason was a Faroese naval hero, trader and privateer.

1589 Year

1589 (MDLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. As of the start of 1589, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

Louis X, Duke of Bavaria Christoph Amberger - Louis X, Duke of Bavaria - Kunsthistorisches Museum.jpg
Louis X, Duke of Bavaria

Related Research Articles

1574 Year

Year 1574 (MDLXXIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1542 Year

Year 1542 (MDXLII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1595 (MDXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. As of the start of 1595, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar.

1617 Year

1617 (MDCXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1617th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 617th year of the 2nd millennium, the 17th year of the 17th century, and the 8th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1617, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1652 (MDCLII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1652nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 652nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1652, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1531 Year

Year 1531 (MDXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1546 Year

Year 1546 (MDXLVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1604 Year

1604 (MDCIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1604th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 604th year of the 2nd millennium, the 4th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1600s decade. As of the start of 1604, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1592 Year

1592 (MDXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. As of the start of 1592, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar.

1562 Year

Year 1562 (MDLXII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1553 Year

Year 1553 (MDLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1548 Year

Year 1548 (MDXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1508 Year

Year 1508 (MDVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1509 Year

Year 1509 (MDIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1470 Year

Year 1470 (MCDLXX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1443 (MCDXLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Oleśnica Place in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland

Oleśnica is a town in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the administrative seat of Oleśnica County and also of the rural district of Gmina Oleśnica, although it is not part of the territory of the latter, the town being an urban gmina in its own right.

The Bohemian Poděbrady family was a noble family in Bohemia, arising from the Lords of Kunštát. After Boček of Kunštát had acquired the Lordship of Poděbrady by marriage, he called himself "Boček of Kunštát and Poděbrady". The most prominent member of the family was George of Poděbrady, who was king of Bohemia. His sons were raised to imperial counts and Counts of Glatz. They founded the Silesian branch of the family, the Dukes of Dukes of Münsterberg.

Henry II of Münsterberg-Oels was from 1536 to 1542 Duke of Münsterberg and of Oels (Oleśnica) and from 1542 to 1548 Duke of Bernstadt (Bierutów). He also held the title of Count of Glatz (Kladsko), though he never actually ruled the County itself.

Karl II, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels Duke of Oels, Duke of Bernstadt

Charles II of Münsterberg-Oels was Duke of Oels from 1565 to 1617 and Duke of Bernstadt from 1604 to 1617. He also held the titles of Duke of Münsterberg and Count of Glatz. From 1608 to 1617 he was Governor of Silesia under the emperors Rudolf and Matthias.

References

  1. 1 2 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 147–150. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  2. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.