1480

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1480 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1480
MCDLXXX
Ab urbe condita 2233
Armenian calendar 929
ԹՎ ՋԻԹ
Assyrian calendar 6230
Balinese saka calendar 1401–1402
Bengali calendar 887
Berber calendar 2430
English Regnal year 19  Edw. 4   20  Edw. 4
Buddhist calendar 2024
Burmese calendar 842
Byzantine calendar 6988–6989
Chinese calendar 己亥(Earth  Pig)
4176 or 4116
     to 
庚子年 (Metal  Rat)
4177 or 4117
Coptic calendar 1196–1197
Discordian calendar 2646
Ethiopian calendar 1472–1473
Hebrew calendar 5240–5241
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1536–1537
 - Shaka Samvat 1401–1402
 - Kali Yuga 4580–4581
Holocene calendar 11480
Igbo calendar 480–481
Iranian calendar 858–859
Islamic calendar 884–885
Japanese calendar Bunmei 12
(文明12年)
Javanese calendar 1396–1397
Julian calendar 1480
MCDLXXX
Korean calendar 3813
Minguo calendar 432 before ROC
民前432年
Nanakshahi calendar 12
Thai solar calendar 2022–2023
Tibetan calendar 阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
1606 or 1225 or 453
     to 
阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
1607 or 1226 or 454

Year 1480 ( MCDLXXX ) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A leap year starting on Saturday is any year with 366 days that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are BA, such as the years 1916, 1944, 1972, 2000, and 2028 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2012 and 2040 in the obsolete Julian calendar. In the Gregorian calendar all centennial leap years start on Saturday; the next such year will be 2400, see below for more.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

JanuaryDecember

March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 300 days remain until the end of the year.

Ferdinand II of Aragon 15th and 16th-century King of Aragon, Sicily, Naples, and Valencia

Ferdinand II, called the Catholic, was King of Aragon from 1479 until his death. His marriage in 1469 to Isabella, the future queen of Castile, was the marital and political "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy." As a consequence of his marriage to Isabella I, he was de jure uxoris King of Castile as Ferdinand V from 1474 until her death in 1504. At Isabella's death the crown of Castile passed to their daughter Joanna, by the terms of their prenuptial agreement and her last will and testament. Following the death of Joanna's husband Philip I of Spain, and her alleged mental illness, Ferdinand was recognized as regent of Castile from 1508 until his own death. In 1504, after a war with France, he became King of Naples as Ferdinand III, reuniting Naples with Sicily permanently and for the first time since 1458. In 1512, he became King of Navarre by conquest. In 1506 he married Germaine of Foix of France, but Ferdinand's only son and child of that marriage died soon after birth; had the child survived, the personal union of the crowns of Aragon and Castile would have ceased.

Isabella I of Castile 15th and 16th-century Castilian queen

Isabella I reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death. Her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon became the basis for the political unification of Spain under their grandson, Charles V. After a struggle to claim her right to the throne, she reorganized the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years, and unburdened the kingdom of the enormous debt her brother had left behind. Her reforms and those she made with her husband had an influence that extended well beyond the borders of their united kingdoms. Isabella and Ferdinand are known for completing the Reconquista, ordering conversion or exile of their Muslim and Jewish subjects, and for supporting and financing Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage that led to the opening of the New World and to the establishment of Spain as the first global power which dominated Europe and much of the world for more than a century. Isabella, granted together with her husband the title "the Catholic" by Pope Alexander VI, was recognized as a Servant of God by the Catholic Church in 1974.

Date unknown

Lighthouse of Alexandria lighthouse in Egypt, built in the 3rd century BC and destroyed in the Middle Ages

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, sometimes called the Pharos of Alexandria, was a lighthouse built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom, during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, which has been estimated to be 100 metres (330 ft) in overall height. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, for many centuries it was one of the tallest man-made structures in the world.

Qaitbay Burji Mamluk Sultan of Egypt

Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf ad-Din Qa'it Bay was the eighteenth Burji Mamluk Sultan of Egypt from 872-901 A.H.. He was Circassian by birth, and was purchased by the ninth sultan Barsbay before being freed by the eleventh Sultan Jaqmaq. During his reign, he stabilized the Mamluk state and economy, consolidated the northern boundaries of the Sultanate with the Ottoman Empire, engaged in trade with other contemporaneous polities, and emerged as a great patron of art and architecture. In fact, although Qaitbay fought sixteen military campaigns, he is best remembered for the spectacular building projects that he sponsored, leaving his mark as an architectural patron on Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Damascus, Aleppo, Alexandria, and every quarter of Cairo. To some historians, he is infamous for building a fortress on the remains of the ancient wonder, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, in 1480, resulting in the final disappearance of the lighthouse, confining it to the history books.

Sultan of Egypt

Sultan of Egypt was the status held by the rulers of Egypt after the establishment of the Ayyubid dynasty of Saladin in 1174 until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517. Though the extent of the Egyptian Sultanate ebbed and flowed, it generally included Sham and Hejaz, with the consequence that the Ayyubid and later Mamluk sultans were also regarded as the Sultans of Syria. From 1914, the title was once again used by the heads of the Muhammad Ali dynasty of Egypt and Sudan, later being replaced by the title of King of Egypt and Sudan in 1922.

Births

January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 355 days remain until the end of the year.

1530 Year

Year 1530 (MDXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 322 days remain until the end of the year.

Deaths

Eleanor of Scotland died 20 November Eleanor stewart 1458 80 daugh hi.jpg
Eleanor of Scotland died 20 November

Related Research Articles

1595 (MDXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1595th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 595th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 16th century, and the 6th year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1595, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1487 Year

Year 1487 (MCDLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1578 Year

Year 1578 (MDLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1547 Year

Year 1547 (MDXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1496 (MCDXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1485 (MCDLXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1470 Year

Year 1470 (MCDLXX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

JGA.G1

Year 1416 (MCDXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1417 (MCDXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Otranto Comune in Apulia, Italy

Otranto is a town and comune in the province of Lecce, in a fertile region once famous for its breed of horses.

Ottoman invasion of Otranto battle

The Ottoman invasion of Otranto occurred between 1480 and 1481 at the Italian city of Otranto in Apulia, southern Italy. Forces of the Ottoman Empire invaded and laid siege to the city and its citadel. According to a traditional account, after capture more than 800 of its inhabitants were beheaded. The Martyrs of Otranto are still celebrated in Italy. A year later the Ottoman garrison surrendered the city following a siege by Christian forces and the intervention of Papal forces led by the Genoese Paolo Fregoso.

The decade of the 1410s in art involved some significant events.

Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy antipope, count of Savoie

Amadeus VIII was a Savoyard nobleman, the son of Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy and Bonne of Berry. He was surnamed the Peaceful. After the death of his father in 1391, his mother acted as a regent, because of his youth. He was an antipope of the Catholic Church from 1439 to 1449 as Felix V, in opposition to Popes Eugene IV and Nicholas V.

Elisabeth of Bavaria, Electress of Brandenburg Princess of Bavaria-Landshut, by marriage, Princess of Brandenburg

Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut, nicknamed "Beautiful Beth", was an Electress of Brandenburg.

Martyrs of Otranto Italian saint

St. Antonio Primaldo and his companion martyrs, also known as the Martyrs of Otranto, were 813 inhabitants of the Salentine city of Otranto in southern Italy who were killed on 14 August 1480. The mass execution is often explained as taking place after the Otrantins refused to convert to Islam when the city fell to an Ottoman force under Gedik Ahmed Pasha.

Jakobus ("James"), Count of Lichtenberg

James of Lichtenburg was a nobleman from Lichtenberg in the northern part of Alsace. He served as overlord of Strasbourg and was the last in the male line of the House of Lichtenberg.

References

  1. Hourihane, Colum (2012). The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture. OUP USA. p. 396. ISBN   9780195395365.
  2. Levin, Carole; Bertolet, Anna Riehl; Carney, Jo Eldridge (2016). A Biographical Encyclopedia of Early Modern Englishwomen: Exemplary Lives and Memorable Acts, 1500-1650. Taylor & Francis. p. 276. ISBN   9781315440712.
  3. "René I | duke of Anjou". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved May 10, 2019.