This article needs additional citations for verification . (February 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|1541 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2294|
|Balinese saka calendar||1462–1463|
|English Regnal year||32 Hen. 8 – 33 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar|| 庚子年 (Metal Rat)|
4237 or 4177
— to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
4238 or 4178
|- Vikram Samvat||1597–1598|
|- Shaka Samvat||1462–1463|
|- Kali Yuga||4641–4642|
|Japanese calendar|| Tenbun 10|
|Minguo calendar||371 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||2083–2084|
1667 or 1286 or 514
— to —
1668 or 1287 or 515
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1541 .|
Year 1541 ( MDXLI ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 322 days remaining until the end of the year.
Pedro Gutiérrez de Valdivia or Valdiva was a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army in Italy and Flanders, he was sent to South America in 1534, where he served as lieutenant under Francisco Pizarro in Peru, acting as his second in command. In 1540 he led an expedition of 150 Spaniards into Chile, where he defeated a large force of indigenous natives and founded Santiago in 1541. He extended Spanish rule south to the Biobío River in 1546, fought again in Peru, and returned to Chile as governor in 1549. He began to conquer Chile south of the Biobío and founded Concepción in 1550. He was captured and killed in a campaign against the Mapuche. The city of Valdivia in Chile is named after him.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.
July 9 is the 190th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 175 days remaining until the end of the year.
Estêvão da Gama was the Portuguese governor of Portuguese Gold Coast (1529–15??) and Portuguese India (1540–1542). Named after his paternal grandfather Estêvão da Gama, Estêvão was the second son of Vasco da Gama and brother of Cristóvão da Gama.
Massawa is a city on the Red Sea coast of Eritrea located at the northern end of the Gulf of Zula beside the Dahlak Archipelago. As a historical and important port for many centuries, it was ruled by a succession of polities, including the Axumite Empire, Medri Bahri Kingdom, the Umayyad Caliphate, various Beja sultanates, the Ottoman Empire, the Khedivate of Egypt, Italy, Britain, and Ethiopia, until Eritrea's independence in 1991. Massawa was the capital of the Italian Colony of Eritrea until it was moved to Asmara in 1897.
Lake Tana is the source of the Blue Nile and is the largest lake in Ethiopia. Located in Amhara Region in the north-western Ethiopian Highlands, the lake is approximately 84 kilometres long and 66 kilometres wide, with a maximum depth of 15 metres, and an elevation of 1,788 metres. Lake Tana is fed by the Lesser Abay, Reb and Gumara rivers. Its surface area ranges from 3,000 to 3,500 square kilometres, depending on season and rainfall. The lake level has been regulated since the construction of the control weir where the lake discharges into the Blue Nile. This controls the flow to the Blue Nile Falls and hydro-power station.
Suleiman I, commonly known as Suleiman the Magnificent in the West and Kanunî Sultan Süleyman in his realm, was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520 until his death in 1566. Under his administration, the Ottoman state ruled over 15 to 25 million people.
The Golden Gate, as it is called in Christian literature, is the only eastern gate of the Temple Mount and one of only two that used to offer access into the city from that side. It has been walled up since medieval times. The date of its construction is disputed and no archaeological work is allowed at the gatehouse, but opinions are shared between a late Byzantine and an early Umayyad date.
Luigi Groto, also called Cieco d'Adria or Cieco D'Hadria, was a blind Italian poet, lutenist, playwright and actor. Groto was born in Veneto and lost his sight eight days after birth. He studied philosophy and literature with such success that at the age of 15 he was already a public orator. He was often in Venice as an envoy from Veneto, and entertained with public performances of his songs. In 1565 he was appointed president of the newly founded Academy of Illustrati of Adria. He died in Venice, having just come from the theater where he had played the role of the blind King Oedipus. In 1623 Filippo Bonaffino set some of his poetry to music in a book of madrigals.
1588 (MDLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1588th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 588th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 16th century, and the 9th year of the 1580s decade. As of the start of 1588, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Hernando de Cabezón, was a Spanish composer and organist, son of Antonio de Cabezón. Only a few of his works are extant today, and he is chiefly remembered for publishing the bulk of his father's work.
January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 341 days remaining until the end of the year.
Magdalena Moons was famous for her role during the Dutch war of liberation, when she saved the city of Leiden during its first siege by Spain in 1574.
1613 (MDCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1613th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 613th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1613, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Year 1542 (MDXLII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
The 1540s decade ran from January 1, 1540, to December 31, 1549.
Year 1566 (MDLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1568 (MDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1554 (MDLIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1546 (MDXLVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1560 (MDLX) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1565 (MDLXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1519 (MDXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1528 (MDXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1553 (MDLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1547 (MDXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1545 (MDXLV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1539 (MDXXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1530 (MDXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1527 (MDXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1525 (MDXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1524 (MDXXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.