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|1478 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1478 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2231|
|Balinese saka calendar||1399–1400|
|English Regnal year||17 Edw. 4 – 18 Edw. 4|
|Chinese calendar|| 丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)|
4174 or 4114
— to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4175 or 4115
|- Vikram Samvat||1534–1535|
|- Shaka Samvat||1399–1400|
|- Kali Yuga||4578–4579|
|Japanese calendar|| Bunmei 10|
|Minguo calendar||434 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||2020–2021|
1604 or 1223 or 451
— to —
1605 or 1224 or 452
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1478 .|
Year 1478 ( MCDLXXVIII ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:
A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 351 days remain until the end of the year.
Ivan III Vasilyevich, also known as Ivan the Great, was a Grand Prince of Moscow and "Grand Prince of all Rus'". Sometimes referred to as the "gatherer of the Russian lands", he tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Mongols/Tatars over Russia by defeating the Golden Horde, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, and laid the foundations of the Russian state. He was one of the longest-reigning Russian rulers in history.
January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 350 days remain until the end of the year.
Lorenzo de' Medici was an Italian statesman, de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic and the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of Renaissance culture in Italy. Also known as Lorenzo the Magnificent by contemporary Florentines, he was a magnate, diplomat, politician and patron of scholars, artists and poets. As a patron, he is best known for his sponsorship of artists such as Botticelli and Michelangelo. He held the balance of power within the Italic League, an alliance of states that stabilized political conditions on the Italian peninsula for decades, and his life coincided with the mature phase of the Italian Renaissance and the Golden Age of Florence. The Peace of Lodi of 1454 that he helped maintain among the various Italian states collapsed with his death. He is buried in the Medici Chapel in Florence.
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,084 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area.
The Demak Sultanate was a Javanese Muslim state located on Java's north coast in Indonesia, at the site of the present day city of Demak. A port fief to the Majapahit kingdom thought to have been founded in the last quarter of the 15th century, it was influenced by Islam brought by Muslim traders from China, Gujarat, Arabia and also from Islamic kingdoms in the region, such as Samudra Pasai and Champa. The sultanate was the first Muslim state in Java, and once dominated most of the northern coast of Java and southern Sumatra.
Jacques Dubois, also known as Jacobus Sylvius in Latin, was a French anatomist in Paris. Dubois was the first to describe venous valves, although their function was later discovered by William Harvey.
Year 1555 (MDLV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Giovanna d'Aragona, Duchess of Amalfi (1478–1510) was an Italian aristocrat, regent of the Duchy of Amalfi during the minority of her son from 1498 until 1510. Her tragic life inspired several works of literature, most notably John Webster's play, The Duchess of Malfi.
Thomas Ashwell or Ashewell was an English composer of the Renaissance. He was a skilled composer of polyphony, and may have been the teacher of John Taverner.
Madeleine Lartessuti (1478-1543), was a French shipper and banker. She became one of the most well known female maritime traders of her time.
Year 1543 (MDXLIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. It is one of the years sometimes referred to as an "Annus mirabilis" because of its significant publications in science, considered the start of the scientific revolution.
February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 331 days remain until the end of the year.
Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham was an English nobleman. He was the son of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and Katherine Woodville, whose sister, Queen Elizabeth Woodville, was the wife of King Edward IV. He was convicted of treason and executed on 17 May 1521.
Year 1521 (MDXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1476 (MCDLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
The 1470s decade ran from January 1, 1470, to December 31, 1479.
1544 (MDXLIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1544th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 544th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 16th century, and the 5th year of the 1540s decade. As of the start of 1544, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was the dominant calendar of the time.
Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1479 (MCDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar).
Year 1434 (MCDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1448 (MCDXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1449 (MCDXLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century. The family originated in the Mugello region of Tuscany, and prospered gradually until it was able to fund the Medici Bank. This bank was the largest in Europe during the 15th century, and it facilitated the Medicis' rise to political power in Florence, although they officially remained citizens rather than monarchs until the 16th century.
The Pazzi were a noble Florentine family in the Middle Ages. Their main trade during the fifteenth century was banking. In the aftermath of the Pazzi conspiracy in 1478, members of the family were banished from Florence and their property was confiscated; anyone named Pazzi had to take a new name.
Piero di Cosimo de' Medici , was the de facto ruler of Florence from 1464 to 1469, during the Italian Renaissance.
Giuliano de' Medici was the second son of Piero de' Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni. As co-ruler of Florence, with his brother Lorenzo the Magnificent, he complemented his brother's image as the "patron of the arts" with his own image as the handsome, sporting, "golden boy."
The Pazzi conspiracy was a plot by members of the Pazzi family and others to displace the de' Medici family as rulers of Renaissance Florence.
The Duchy of Florence was an Italian principality that was centred on the city of Florence, in Tuscany, Italy. The duchy was founded after Emperor Charles V restored Medici rule to Florence in 1530. Pope Clement VII, himself a Medici, appointed his relative Alessandro de' Medici as Duke of the Florentine Republic, thereby transforming the Republic of Florence into a hereditary monarchy.
Francesco de' Pazzi was an Italian banker and one of the instigators of the Pazzi Conspiracy. He, Jacopo de' Pazzi and Renato de' Pazzi were executed after the plot failed
Clarice Orsini (1450–1488) was the daughter of Jacopo Orsini, and his wife and cousin Maddalena Orsini. She was the wife of Lorenzo de' Medici and mother of Pope Leo X.
Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli was an Italian merchant and one of the instigators of the Pazzi Conspiracy.