1543

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1543 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1543
MDXLIII
Ab urbe condita 2296
Armenian calendar 992
ԹՎ ՋՂԲ
Assyrian calendar 6293
Balinese saka calendar 1464–1465
Bengali calendar 950
Berber calendar 2493
English Regnal year 34  Hen. 8   35  Hen. 8
Buddhist calendar 2087
Burmese calendar 905
Byzantine calendar 7051–7052
Chinese calendar 壬寅(Water  Tiger)
4239 or 4179
     to 
癸卯年 (Water  Rabbit)
4240 or 4180
Coptic calendar 1259–1260
Discordian calendar 2709
Ethiopian calendar 1535–1536
Hebrew calendar 5303–5304
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1599–1600
 - Shaka Samvat 1464–1465
 - Kali Yuga 4643–4644
Holocene calendar 11543
Igbo calendar 543–544
Iranian calendar 921–922
Islamic calendar 949–950
Japanese calendar Tenbun 12
(天文12年)
Javanese calendar 1461–1462
Julian calendar 1543
MDXLIII
Korean calendar 3876
Minguo calendar 369 before ROC
民前369年
Nanakshahi calendar 75
Thai solar calendar 2085–2086
Tibetan calendar 阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1669 or 1288 or 516
     to 
阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
1670 or 1289 or 517
May: Nicolaus Copernicus. Jan Matejko-Astronomer Copernicus-Conversation with God.jpg
May: Nicolaus Copernicus.

Year 1543 ( MDXLIII ) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. It is one of the years sometimes referred to as an "Annus mirabilis" because of its significant publications in science, considered the start of the scientific revolution.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is G. The most recent year of such kind was 2018 and the next one will be 2029 in the Gregorian calendar, or likewise, 2013, 2019, and 2030 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1900, was also a common year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year of this type contains two Friday the 13ths in April and July. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic, but also have another in January.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

JanuaryJune

February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 323 days remain until the end of the year.

Henry VIII of England 16th-century King of England

Henry VIII was King of England from 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry was the second Tudor monarch, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Henry is best known for his six marriages, in particular his efforts to have his first marriage, to Catherine of Aragon, annulled. His disagreement with the Pope on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation, separating the Church of England from papal authority. He appointed himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England and dissolved convents and monasteries, for which he was excommunicated. Henry is also known as "the father of the Royal Navy"; he invested heavily in the Navy, increasing its size greatly from a few to more than 50 ships.

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor 16th-century Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V was Holy Roman Emperor (1519–1556), King of Castile and Aragon (1516–1556), and head of the House of Habsburg. As emperor he was sovereign in Germany and northern Italy, while he had direct rule over Habsburg Austria and also the Habsburg Netherlands since becoming Duke of Burgundy in 1506. Through his Spanish kingdoms he was also ruler of Naples, Sicily, Sardinia and an expanding colonial empire. He spent most of his reign defending the integrity of the Holy Roman Empire from the Protestant Reformation, the Ottoman Empire and a series of wars with France.

JulyDecember

July 1 is the 182nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 183 days remain until the end of the year.

The Treaty of Greenwich contained two agreements both signed on 1 July 1543 in Greenwich between representatives of England and Scotland. The accord, overall, entailed a plan developed by Henry VIII of England to unite both kingdoms. The first sub-treaty helped to establish peace between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland. The second sub-treaty was a marriage proposal between Edward VI of England and Mary, Queen of Scots. In this part of the treaty, it was agreed that Mary would be accompanied by an English nobleman/gentleman until she was ten years old. Afterwards, Mary would reside in England until the time of her marriage. Also, the Treaty of Greenwich permitted the Kingdom of Scotland to maintain its laws. Even though the Earl of Arran signed the accord on 1 July and ratified it on 25 August 1543, the Treaty of Greenwich was ultimately rejected by the Parliament of Scotland on 11 December 1543, leading to eight years of Anglo-Scottish conflict known as the Rough Wooing.

December 11 is the 345th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 20 days remain until the end of the year.

Date unknown

Martin Luther Saxon priest, monk and theologian, seminal figure in Protestant Reformation

Martin Luther, was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

<i>On the Jews and Their Lies</i> book by Martin Luther

On the Jews and Their Lies is a 65,000-word antisemitic treatise written in 1543 by the German Reformation leader Martin Luther.

Mikael Agricola 16th-century Finnish clergyman and de facto founder of literary Finnish

Mikael Agricola was a Lutheran clergyman who became the de facto founder of literary Finnish and a prominent proponent of the Protestant Reformation in Sweden, including Finland, which was a Swedish territory at the time. He is often called the "father of literary Finnish".

Births

Tokugawa Ieyasu Tokugawa Ieyasu2.JPG
Tokugawa Ieyasu

January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 347 days remain until the end of the year.

Alfonso Ferrabosco was an Italian composer. While mostly famous as the solitary Italian madrigalist working in England, and the one mainly responsible for the growth of the madrigal there, he also composed much sacred music. He also may have been a spy for Elizabeth I while he was in Italy.

1588 Year

1588 (MDLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1588th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 588th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 16th century, and the 9th year of the 1580s decade. As of the start of 1588, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Deaths

Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo.jpg
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Nicolaus Copernicus Nikolaus Kopernikus.jpg
Nicolaus Copernicus
Hans Holbein the Younger Hans Holbein the Younger, self-portrait.jpg
Hans Holbein the Younger
Gian Matteo Giberti GianMatteoGiberti.jpg
Gian Matteo Giberti

Related Research Articles

1542 Year

Year 1542 (MDXLII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

The 1540s decade ran from January 1, 1540, to December 31, 1549.

1566 Year

Year 1566 (MDLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1640 Year

1640 (MDCXL) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1640th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 640th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 17th century, and the 1st year of the 1640s decade. As of the start of 1640, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1557 Year

Year 1557 (MDLVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1632 Year

1632 (MDCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1632nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 632nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1630s decade. As of the start of 1632, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1540 Year

Year 1540 (MDXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1590 Year

1590 (MDXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1590th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 590th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 16th century, and the 1st year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1590, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1578 Year

Year 1578 (MDLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1569 Year

Year 1569 (MDLXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1563 Year

Year 1563 (MDLXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1553 Year

Year 1553 (MDLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1552 Year

Year 1552 (MDLII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1541 Year

Year 1541 (MDXLI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1533 Year

Year 1533 (MDXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1532 Year

Year 1532 (MDXXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1529 Year

Year 1529 (MDXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1518 Year

Year 1518 (MDXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1494 (MCDXCIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1443 (MCDXLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 147–150. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  2. 1 2 Bartl, Július. "1543". Slovak history: chronology & lexicon. Bolchazy-Carducci. p. 59. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  3. Noel Perrin "Giving up the gun", p.7 ISBN   978-0-87923-773-8 Jump up ^
  4. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Italy: Liguria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  5. Giorgio Vasari. Lives of the Most Eminent Painters Sculptors and Architects. 5 (of 10) Andrea da Fiesole to Lorenzo Lotto. Project Gutenberg.