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|1553 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2306|
|Balinese saka calendar||1474–1475|
|English Regnal year||6 Edw. 6 – 1 Mar. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬子年 (Water Rat)|
4249 or 4189
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4250 or 4190
|- Vikram Samvat||1609–1610|
|- Shaka Samvat||1474–1475|
|- Kali Yuga||4653–4654|
|Japanese calendar|| Tenbun 22|
|Minguo calendar||359 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||2095–2096|
1679 or 1298 or 526
— to —
1680 or 1299 or 527
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1553 .|
Year 1553 ( MDLIII ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
St Albans is a city in Hertfordshire, England, and the major urban area in the City and District of St Albans. It lies east of Hemel Hempstead and west of Hatfield, about 20 miles (32 km) north-northwest of central London, 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Welwyn Garden City and 11 miles (18 km) south-southeast of Luton. St Albans was the first major town on the old Roman road of Watling Street for travellers heading north, and it became the Roman city of Verulamium. It is a historic market town and is now a dormitory town within the London commuter belt and the Greater London Built-up Area.
The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
June 26 is the 177th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 188 days remaining until the end of the year.
July 9 is the 190th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 175 days remaining until the end of the year.
The Battle of Sievershausen occurred on 9 July 1553 near the village of Sievershausen, where the forces of the Hohenzollern margrave Albert Alcibiades of Brandenburg-Kulmbach fought against the united troops of Elector Maurice of Saxony and Duke Henry V of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. With 4,000 men killed, including the Saxon elector and two of Henry's sons, it was one of the bloodiest battles on Lower Saxon territory. Margrave Albert was defeated.
The Prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire, or Electors for short, were the members of the electoral college that elected the Holy Roman Emperor.
The square mile is an imperial and US unit of measure for an area equal to the area of a square with a side length of one statute mile. It should not be confused with miles square, which refers to a square region with each side having the specified length. For instance, 20 miles square has an area equal to 400 square miles; a rectangle of 10 × 40 miles likewise has an area of 400 square miles, but it is not 20 miles square.
The hectare is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to a square with 100-metre sides, or 10,000 m2, and is primarily used in the measurement of land. There are 100 hectares in one square kilometre. An acre is about 0.405 hectare and one hectare contains about 2.47 acres.
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the central government of the People's Republic of China, the largest city in China by population, and the second most populous city proper in the world, with a population of 24.18 million as of 2017. It is a global financial centre and transport hub, with the world's busiest container port. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it sits on the south edge of the estuary of the Yangtze in the middle portion of the East China coast. The municipality borders the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is bounded to the east by the East China Sea.
Tonbridge School is an independent boarding and day school for boys in Tonbridge, Kent, England, founded in 1553 by Sir Andrew Judde. It is a member of the Eton Group and has close links with the Worshipful Company of Skinners, one of the oldest London livery companies. It is a public school in the British sense of the term.
Sir Andrew Judde, or Judd was a 16th-century English merchant and Lord Mayor of London.
Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation. Letters patent can be used for the creation of corporations or government offices, or for the granting of city status or a coat of arms. Letters patent are issued for the appointment of representatives of the Crown, such as governors and governors-general of Commonwealth realms, as well as appointing a Royal Commission. In the United Kingdom they are also issued for the creation of peers of the realm. A particular form of letters patent has evolved into the modern patent granting exclusive rights in an invention. In this case it is essential that the written grant should be in the form of a public document so other inventors can consult it to avoid infringement and also to understand how to "practice" the invention, i.e., put it into practical use.
January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 345 days remaining until the end of the year.
Bernardino de Cárdenas y Portugal, 3rd Duke of Maqueda, 2nd Marquis of Elche, was a Spanish noble and statesman.
1601 (MDCI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1601st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 601st year of the 2nd millennium, the 1st year of the 17th century, and the 2nd year of the 1600s decade. As of the start of 1601, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. January 1 of this year (1601-01-01) is used as the base of file dates and of Active Directory Logon dates by Microsoft Windows. It is also the date from which ANSI dates are counted and were adopted by the American National Standards Institute for use with COBOL and other computer languages. This epoch is the beginning of the 400-year Gregorian leap-year cycle within which digital files first existed; the last year of any such cycle is the only leap year whose year number is divisible by 100. All versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onward count units of one hundred nanoseconds from this epoch.
Year 1572 (MDLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1543 (MDXLIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. It is one of the years sometimes referred to as an "Annus mirabilis" because of its significant publications in science, considered the start of the scientific revolution.
Year 1465 (MCDLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1568 (MDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1554 (MDLIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1540 (MDXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1537 (MDXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1483 (MCDLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar).
The 1550s decade ran from January 1, 1550, to December 31, 1559.
Year 1562 (MDLXII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1558 (MDLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1559 (MDLIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1552 (MDLII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1548 (MDXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1549 (MDXLIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. In the Kingdom of England, it was known as "The Year of the Many-Headed Monster", because of the unusually high number of rebellions which occurred in the country.
Year 1533 (MDXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1532 (MDXXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1468 (MCDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Events from the 1550s in England. This decade marks the beginning of the Elizabethan era.