|1264 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1264 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2017|
|Balinese saka calendar||1185–1186|
|English Regnal year||48 Hen. 3 – 49 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 癸亥年 (Water Pig)|
3960 or 3900
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
3961 or 3901
|- Vikram Samvat||1320–1321|
|- Shaka Samvat||1185–1186|
|- Kali Yuga||4364–4365|
|Japanese calendar|| Kōchō 4 / Bun'ei 1|
|Minguo calendar||648 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1806–1807|
1390 or 1009 or 237
— to —
1391 or 1010 or 238
Year 1264 ( MCCLXIV ) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 1300s was a decade of the Julian Calendar that began on 1 January 1300 and ended on 31 December 1309.
Year 1215 (MCCXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
The 1250s decade ran from January 1, 1250, to December 31, 1259.
The 1210s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1210, and ended on December 31, 1219.
The 1230s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1230, and ended on December 31, 1239.
The 1260s is the decade starting January 1, 1260 and ending December 31, 1269.
The 1270s is the decade starting January 1, 1270, and ending December 31, 1279.
Year 1217 (MCCXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1239 (MCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1243 (MCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1258 (MCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1261 (MCCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1263 (MCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1266 (MCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, later sometimes referred to as Simon V de Montfort to distinguish him from his namesake relatives, was a nobleman of French origin and a member of the English peerage, who led the baronial opposition to the rule of King Henry III of England, culminating in the Second Barons' War. Following his initial victories over royal forces, he became de facto ruler of the country, and played a major role in the constitutional development of England.
The Battle of Lewes was one of two main battles of the conflict known as the Second Barons' War. It took place at Lewes in Sussex, on 14 May 1264. It marked the high point of the career of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, and made him the "uncrowned King of England". Henry III left the safety of Lewes Castle and St. Pancras Priory to engage the barons in battle and was initially successful, his son Prince Edward routing part of the baronial army with a cavalry charge. However, Edward pursued his quarry off the battlefield and left Henry's men exposed. Henry was forced to launch an infantry attack up Offham Hill where he was defeated by the barons' men defending the hilltop. The royalists fled back to the castle and priory and the King was forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, ceding many of his powers to Montfort.
The Battle of Evesham was one of the two main battles of 13th century England's Second Barons' War. It marked the defeat of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and the rebellious barons by the future King Edward I, who led the forces of his father, King Henry III. It took place on 4 August 1265, near the town of Evesham, Worcestershire.
The Second Barons' War (1264–1267) was a civil war in England between the forces of a number of barons led by Simon de Montfort against the royalist forces of King Henry III, led initially by the king himself and later by his son, the future King Edward I. The barons sought to force the king to rule with a council of barons rather than through his favourites. The war also featured a series of massacres of Jews by de Montfort's supporters including his sons Henry and Simon, in attacks aimed at seizing and destroying evidence of baronial debts. To bolster the initial success of his baronial regime, de Montfort sought to broaden the social foundations of parliament by extending the franchise to the commons for the first time. However, after a rule of just over a year, de Montfort was killed by forces loyal to the king in the Battle of Evesham.
Events from the 1260s in England.
The Mise of Lewes was a settlement made on 14 May 1264 between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons, led by Simon de Montfort. The settlement was made on the day of the Battle of Lewes, one of the two major battles of the Second Barons' War. The conflict between king and magnates was caused by dissatisfaction with the influence of foreigners at court and Henry's high level and new methods of taxation. In 1258 Henry was forced to accept the Provisions of Oxford, which essentially left the royal government in the hands of a council of magnates, but this document went through a long series of revocations and reinstatements. In 1263, as the country was on the brink of civil war, the two parties agreed to submit the matter to arbitration by the French king Louis IX. Louis was a firm believer in the royal prerogative, and decided clearly in favour of Henry. The outcome was unacceptable for the rebellious barons, and war between the two parties broke out almost immediately.