|1212 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1212 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1965|
|Balinese saka calendar||1133–1134|
|English Regnal year||13 Joh. 1 – 14 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛未年 (Metal Goat)|
3908 or 3848
— to —
壬申年 (Water Monkey)
3909 or 3849
|- Vikram Samvat||1268–1269|
|- Shaka Samvat||1133–1134|
|- Kali Yuga||4312–4313|
|Japanese calendar|| Kenryaku 2|
|Minguo calendar||700 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1754–1755|
1338 or 957 or 185
— to —
1339 or 958 or 186
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1212 .|
Year 1212 ( MCCXII ) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:
A leap year starting on Sunday is any year with 366 days that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are AG, such as the years 1888, 1928, 1956, 1984, 2012, 2040, 2068, 2096, 2108, 2136, 2164, and 2192 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 1996 and 2024 in the obsolete Julian calendar.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC), by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and Greek astronomers such as Sosigenes of Alexandria.
Spring is one of the four temperate seasons, following winter and preceding summer. There are various technical definitions of spring, but local usage of the term varies according to local climate, cultures and customs. When it is spring in the Northern Hemisphere, it is autumn in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. At the spring equinox, days and nights are approximately twelve hours long, with day length increasing and night length decreasing as the season progresses.
The Rhineland is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.
Genoa is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived within the city's administrative limits. As of the 2011 Italian census, the Province of Genoa, which in 2015 became the Metropolitan City of Genoa, counted 855,834 resident persons. Over 1.5 million people live in the wider metropolitan area stretching along the Italian Riviera.
July 10 is the 191st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 174 days remain until the end of the year.
In common with all old cities, London has experienced numerous serious fires in the course of its history.
July 16 is the 197th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 168 days remain until the end of the year.
Bergen op Zoom is a municipality and a city located in the south of the Netherlands.
Argos is a city in Argolis, the Peloponnese, Greece and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is the largest city in Argolis and a major center for the area.
The Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) was a Latin Christian armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III. The stated intent of the expedition was to recapture the Muslim-controlled city of Jerusalem, by first conquering the powerful Egyptian Ayyubid Sultanate, the strongest Muslim state of the time. However, a sequence of economic and political events culminated in the Crusader army sacking the city of Constantinople, the capital of the Greek Christian-controlled Byzantine Empire, rather than Egypt as originally planned.
March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 284 days remain until the end of the year.
Emperor Go-Horikawa was the 86th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1221 CE through 1232 CE.
Year 1234 (MCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
February 29, also known as leap day or leap year day, is a date added to most years that are divisible by 4, such as 2016, 2020, and 2024. A leap day is added in various solar calendars, including the Gregorian calendar standard in most of the world. Lunisolar calendars instead add a leap or intercalary month.
Hōnen was the religious reformer and founder of the first independent branch of Japanese Pure Land Buddhism called Jōdo-shū. He is also considered the Seventh Jōdo Shinshū Patriarch.
Year 1133 (MCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1135 (MCXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1123 (MCXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1114 (MCXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1116 (MCXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1101 (MCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. It was the 2nd year of the 1100s decade, and the 1st year of the 12th century.
Year 1153 (MCLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
The 1210s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1210, and ended on December 31, 1219.
Year 1418 (MCDXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1217 (MCCXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1218 (MCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1102 (MCII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1108 (MCVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1243 (MCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1244 (MCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1245 (MCCXLV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1264 (MCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Alfonso VIII, called the Noble or the one of the Navas, was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most remembered for his part in the Reconquista and the downfall of the Almohad Caliphate. After having suffered a great defeat with his own army at Alarcos against the Almohads in 1195, he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohads in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, an event which marked the arrival of a tide of Christian supremacy on the Iberian peninsula.
The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, known in Arab history as the Battle of Al-Uqab, took place on 16 July 1212 and was an important turning point in the Reconquista and in the medieval history of Spain. The Christian forces of King Alfonso VIII of Castile were joined by the armies of his rivals, Sancho VII of Navarre, Peter II of Aragon and Afonso II of Portugal, in battle against the Almohad Muslim rulers of the southern half of the Iberian Peninsula. The Caliph al-Nasir led the Almohad army, made up of people from the whole Almohad empire. Most of the men in the Almohad army came from the African side of the empire.
Walter VI was Count of Brienne, Conversano, and Lecce, and titular Duke of Athens as Walter II.
In medieval Iberia, an alférez or alferes was a high-ranking official in the household of a king or magnate. The term is derived from the Arabic الفارس (al-fāris), meaning "horseman" or "cavalier", and it was commonly Latinised as alferiz or alferis, although it was also translated into Latin as armiger or armentarius, meaning "armour-bearer". The connexion with arms-bearing is visible in several Latin synonyms: fertorarius, inferartis, and offertor. The office was sometimes the same as that of the standard-bearer or signifer. The alférez was generally the next highest-ranking official after the majordomo. He was generally in charge of the king or magnate's mesnada, his personal retinue of knights, and perhaps also of his armoury and his guard. He generally followed his lord on campaign and into battle.