1152

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1152 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1152
MCLII
Ab urbe condita 1905
Armenian calendar 601
ԹՎ ՈԱ
Assyrian calendar 5902
Balinese saka calendar 1073–1074
Bengali calendar 559
Berber calendar 2102
English Regnal year 17  Ste. 1   18  Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar 1696
Burmese calendar 514
Byzantine calendar 6660–6661
Chinese calendar 辛未(Metal  Goat)
3848 or 3788
     to 
壬申年 (Water  Monkey)
3849 or 3789
Coptic calendar 868–869
Discordian calendar 2318
Ethiopian calendar 1144–1145
Hebrew calendar 4912–4913
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1208–1209
 - Shaka Samvat 1073–1074
 - Kali Yuga 4252–4253
Holocene calendar 11152
Igbo calendar 152–153
Iranian calendar 530–531
Islamic calendar 546–547
Japanese calendar Ninpei 2
(仁平2年)
Javanese calendar 1058–1059
Julian calendar 1152
MCLII
Korean calendar 3485
Minguo calendar 760 before ROC
民前760年
Nanakshahi calendar −316
Seleucid era 1463/1464 AG
Thai solar calendar 1694–1695
Tibetan calendar 阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
1278 or 897 or 125
     to 
阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
1279 or 898 or 126

Year 1152 ( MCLII ) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A leap year starting on Tuesday is any year with 366 days that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are FE, such as the years 1884, 1924, 1952, 1980, 2008, 2036, 2064, 2092, and 2104 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 1964, 1992, and 2020 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Tuesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this leap year occurs in June. Common years starting on Wednesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

By place

Africa

Algeria country in North Africa

Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, the world's largest Arab country, and the largest in Africa. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (counties). It has the highest human development index of all non-island African countries.

Béjaïa City in Béjaïa Province, Algeria

Béjaïa, formerly Bougie and Bugia, is a Mediterranean port city on the Gulf of Béjaïa in Algeria; it is the capital of Béjaïa Province, Kabylia. Béjaïa is the largest principally Kabyle-speaking city in the Kabylie region of Algeria. The history of Béjaïa explains the diversity of the local population.

Ifriqiya historic country in Northern Africa

Ifriqiya or Ifriqiyah or el-Maghrib el-Adna was the area during medieval history comprising what is today Tunisia, Tripolitania and the Constantinois — all part of what was previously included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire.

Asia

Ghazni City in Ghazni Province, Afghanistan

Ghazni historically known as Ghaznin or Ghazna, is a city in central Afghanistan with a population of around 270,000 people. The city is strategically located along Highway 1, which has served as the main road between Kabul and southern Afghanistan for thousands of years. Situated on a plateau at 2,219 metres (7,280 ft) above sea level, the city is 150 km south of Kabul and serves as the capital of Ghazni Province.

Ghaznavids Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin

The Ghaznavid dynasty was a Persianate Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin, at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Iran, Afghanistan, much of Transoxiana and the northwest Indian subcontinent from 977 to 1186. The dynasty was founded by Sabuktigin upon his succession to rule of the region of Ghazna after the death of his father-in-law, Alp Tigin, who was a breakaway ex-general of the Samanid Empire from Balkh, north of the Hindu Kush in Greater Khorasan.

March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 275 days remain until the end of the year.

Mesoamerica

Matlacohuatl was a tlatoani (king) of pre-Hispanic altepetl (city-state) Azcapotzalco (altepetl).

Tlatoani is the Classical Nahuatl term for the ruler of an āltepētl, a pre-Hispanic state. It may be translated into English as "king". A cihuātlahtoāni is a female ruler, or queen regnant.

<i lang="nci" title="Classical Nahuatl language text">Altepetl</i> Aztec political entity

The altepetl or modern pronunciation , in pre-Columbian and Spanish conquest-era Aztec society, was the local, ethnically-based political entity, usually translated into English as "city-state". The word is a combination of the Nahuatl words ātl and tepētl. A characteristic Nahua mode was to imagine the totality of the people of a region or of the world as a collection of altepetl units and to speak of them on those terms. The concept is comparable to Maya cah and Mixtec ñuu.

Europe

March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 302 days remain until the end of the year.

Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor German Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick I, also known as Frederick Barbarossa, was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152. He was crowned King of Italy on 24 April 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155 in Rome. Two years later, the term sacrum ("holy") first appeared in a document in connection with his empire. He was later formally crowned King of Burgundy, at Arles on 30 June 1178. He was named Barbarossa by the northern Italian cities which he attempted to rule: Barbarossa means "red beard" in Italian; in German, he was known as Kaiser Rotbart, which has the same meaning.

May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 227 days remain until the end of the year.

Births

Geoffrey was an illegitimate son of Henry II, King of England, who became bishop-elect of Lincoln and archbishop of York. The identity of his mother is uncertain, but she may have been named Ykenai. Geoffrey held several minor clerical offices before becoming Bishop of Lincoln in 1173, though he was not ordained as a priest until 1189. In 1173–1174, he led a campaign in northern England to help put down a rebellion by his legitimate half-brothers; this campaign led to the capture of William, King of Scots. By 1182, Pope Lucius III had ordered that Geoffrey either resign Lincoln or be consecrated as bishop; he chose to resign and became Chancellor instead. He was the only one of Henry II's sons present at the king's death.

Henry II of England 12th-century King of England, Duke of Aquitaine, and ruler of other European lands

Henry II, also known as Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as King of England, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, Count of Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Scotland, Wales and the Duchy of Brittany. Before he was 40 he controlled England, large parts of Wales, the eastern half of Ireland and the western half of France—an area that would later come to be called the Angevin Empire.

Year 1212 (MCCXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

Related Research Articles

12th century Century

The 12th century is the period from 1101 to 1200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages and is sometimes called the Age of the Cistercians. In Song dynasty China an invasion by Jurchens caused a political schism of north and south. The Khmer Empire of Cambodia flourished during this century, while the Fatimids of Egypt were overtaken by the Ayyubid dynasty.

The 1150s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1150, and ended on December 31, 1159.

Year 1238 (MCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1093 (MXCIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1128 (MCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1015 Year

Year in topic Year 1015 (MXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1018 Year

Year 1018 (MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1060 Year

Year 1060 (MLX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1153 (MCLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1158 (MCLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1366 (MCCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1399 (MCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1448 (MCDXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1043 Year

Year 1043 (MXLIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1044 Year

Year 1044 (MXLIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1253 (MCCLIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou Duke of Normandy

Geoffrey V —called the Handsome or the Fair and Plantagenet—was the Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne as King Henry II (1154–1189) and was the first of the Plantagenet dynasty to rule England; the name "Plantagenet" was taken from Geoffrey's epithet. His ancestral domain of Anjou gave rise to the name Angevin for three kings of England, and what became known as the Angevin Empire in the 12th century.

Angevin Empire Medieval dynastic union of states in present-day UK and France

The Angevin Empire describes the possessions of the Angevin kings of England who held lands in England and France during the 12th and 13th centuries. Its rulers were Henry II, Richard I, and John. The Angevin Empire is an early example for composite states.

Events from the 1150s in England.

Angevin kings of England

The Angevins were a royal house of French origin that ruled England in the 12th and early 13th centuries; its monarchs were Henry II, Richard I and John. In the 10 years from 1144, two successive counts of Anjou in France, Geoffrey and his son, the future Henry II, won control of a vast assemblage of lands in western Europe that would last for 80 years and would retrospectively be referred to as the Angevin Empire. As a political entity this was structurally different from the preceding Norman and subsequent Plantagenet realms. Geoffrey became Duke of Normandy in 1144 and died in 1151. In 1152 his heir, Henry, added Aquitaine by virtue of his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine. Henry also inherited the claim of his mother, Empress Matilda, the daughter of King Henry I, to the English throne, to which he succeeded in 1154 following the death of King Stephen.

References

  1. Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  2. King John by Warren. Published by the University of California Press in 1961. p. 21