1152

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1152 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1152
MCLII
Ab urbe condita 1905
Armenian calendar 601
ԹՎ ՈԱ
Assyrian calendar 5902
Balinese saka calendar 1073–1074
Bengali calendar 559
Berber calendar 2102
English Regnal year 17  Ste. 1   18  Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar 1696
Burmese calendar 514
Byzantine calendar 6660–6661
Chinese calendar 辛未(Metal  Goat)
3848 or 3788
     to 
壬申年 (Water  Monkey)
3849 or 3789
Coptic calendar 868–869
Discordian calendar 2318
Ethiopian calendar 1144–1145
Hebrew calendar 4912–4913
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1208–1209
 - Shaka Samvat 1073–1074
 - Kali Yuga 4252–4253
Holocene calendar 11152
Igbo calendar 152–153
Iranian calendar 530–531
Islamic calendar 546–547
Japanese calendar Ninpei 2
(仁平2年)
Javanese calendar 1058–1059
Julian calendar 1152
MCLII
Korean calendar 3485
Minguo calendar 760 before ROC
民前760年
Nanakshahi calendar −316
Seleucid era 1463/1464 AG
Thai solar calendar 1694–1695
Tibetan calendar 阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
1278 or 897 or 125
     to 
阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
1279 or 898 or 126
Bust of King Frederick I (1122-1190) Friedrich I. Barbarossa.jpg
Bust of King Frederick I (1122–1190)

Year 1152 ( MCLII ) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Events

By place

Levant

  • Spring King Baldwin III and his mother, Queen Melisende, are called to intervene in a dispute between Baldwin's aunt Hodierna and her husband Raymond II, count of Tripoli. Hodierna decides to take a long holiday, and travels to Jerusalem, while Raymond escorts her out on the road southwards. On the way back to Tripoli, a group of Assassins stabs him to death at the southern gate of the city. The garrison rushes to arms and pours into the streets, slaying every Muslim in their way, but the Assassins manage to escape; the motive of their act is never known. [1]
  • Baldwin III demands more authority and blames Manasses, ruler of Ramla, for interfering with his legal succession as ruler of Jerusalem. He demands a second coronation from Patriarch Fulcher separated from Melisende. Fulcher refuses, and as a kind of self-coronation Baldwin parades through the city streets with laurel wreaths on his head. Before the High Court ( Haute Cour ) the decision is made to divide the kingdom into two districts.
  • Baldwin III begins a civil war against Melisende and launches an invasion in the south. He captures the castle of Mirabel, which is defended by Manasses. Baldwin spares his life and is exiled, Nablus thereupon surrenders soon after. Melisende seeks refuge in the Tower of David with her younger son, the 16-year-old Amalric. Baldwin enters Jerusalem, he allows his mother to retain Nablus and the neighbourhood as her dower. [2]
  • Summer Nur al-Din, Seljuk ruler ( atabeg ) of Aleppo, re-captures most of Crusader territory in the Orontes Valley – reducing the Principality of Antioch to little more than a narrow coastal strip along the Mediterranean. The County of Tripoli remains unchanged and Jerusalem remains a potential threat with ambitions to expand eastward, while also striving to dominate the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt. [3]

Europe

England

  • April 6 King Stephen has his nobles swear fealty to his son Eustace, as the rightful heir of the English throne. Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, and other bishops refuse to crown Eustace favouring Henry of Anjou to claim the throne instead. Stephen confiscates their property and Theobald is forced into exile in Flanders.
  • Stephen besieges Newbury Castle and holds the young William as a hostage to ensure that his father, John Marshal, keeps his promise to surrender the castle. When John refuses to comply, Stephen threatened to nave the young boy catapulted over the walls. After this, William remains a crown hostage for many months. [5]

Africa

Mesoamerica

By topic

Religion

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 1160s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1160, and ended on December 31, 1169.

Year 1142 (MCXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1150s

The 1150s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1150, and ended on December 31, 1159.

The 1100s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1100, and ended on December 31, 1109.

The 1140s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1140, and ended on December 31, 1149.

1147 Calendar year

Year 1147 (MCXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1179 Calendar year

Year 1179 (MCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

The 1180s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1180, and ended on December 31, 1189.

The 1110s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1110, and ended on December 31, 1119.

1112 Calendar year

Year 1112 (MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1110 Calendar year

Year 1110 (MCX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1160 Calendar year

Year 1160 (MCLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1148 Calendar year

Year 1148 (MCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1185 Calendar year

Year 1185 (MCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1105 Calendar year

Year 1105 (MCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem Queen regnant of the Kingdom of Jerusalem

Melisende was Queen of Jerusalem from 1131 to 1153, and regent for her son between 1153 and 1161 while he was on campaign. She was the eldest daughter of King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, and the Armenian princess Morphia of Melitene.

Baldwin III of Jerusalem King of Jerusalem (1130-1163) (r. 1143-1163)

Baldwin III was King of Jerusalem from 1143 to 1163. He was the eldest son of Melisende and Fulk of Jerusalem. He became king while still a child, and was at first overshadowed by his mother Melisende, whom he eventually defeated in a civil war. During his reign Jerusalem became more closely allied with the Byzantine Empire, and the Second Crusade tried and failed to conquer Damascus. Baldwin captured the important Egyptian fortress of Ascalon, but also had to deal with the increasing power of Nur ad-Din in Syria. He died childless and was succeeded by his brother Amalric.

Morphia of Melitene, or Morfia, or Moraphia was queen of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem as the wife of Baldwin II.

Manasses of Hierges was an important crusader and constable of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. He was lord of Ramla from 1150–1152.

References

  1. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 271. ISBN   978-0-241-29876-3.
  2. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusaders. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 272–273. ISBN   978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. David Nicolle (2011). Osprey - Command 12: Saladin, p. 6. ISBN   978-1-84908-317-1.
  4. King John by Warren. Published by the University of California Press in 1961. p. 21
  5. Amstrong, Catherine. "John fitz Gilbert; the Marshal". Castles of Wales. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  6. Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.