|1242 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1242 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1995|
|Balinese saka calendar||1163–1164|
|English Regnal year||26 Hen. 3 – 27 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛丑年 (Metal Ox)|
3938 or 3878
— to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
3939 or 3879
|- Vikram Samvat||1298–1299|
|- Shaka Samvat||1163–1164|
|- Kali Yuga||4342–4343|
|Japanese calendar|| Ninji 3|
|Minguo calendar||670 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1784–1785|
1368 or 987 or 215
— to —
1369 or 988 or 216
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1242 .|
Year 1242 ( MCCXLII ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2015 and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
Ifriqiya or Ifriqiyah or el-Maghrib el-Adna was the area during medieval history comprising what is today Tunisia, Tripolitania and the Constantinois — all part of what was previously included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire.
The Kingdom of Tlemcen or Zayyanid Kingdom of Tlemcen was a Berber kingdom in what is now the northwest of Algeria. Its territory stretched from Tlemcen to the Chelif bend and Algiers, and reached at its zenith the Moulouya River to the west, Sijilmasa to the south and the Soummam river to the east.
Emperor Go-Saga was the 88th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1242 through 1246.
Batu Khan, also known as Sain Khan and Tsar Batu, was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Golden Horde, a division of the Mongol Empire. Batu was a son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan. His ulus was the chief state of the Golden Horde, which ruled Rus', Volga Bulgaria, Cumania, and the Caucasus for around 250 years, after also destroying the armies of Poland and Hungary. "Batu" or "Bat" literally means "firm" in the Mongolian language. After the deaths of Genghis Khan's sons, he became the most respected prince called agha in the Mongol Empire.
The Golden Horde was originally a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate established in the 13th century and originating as the northwestern sector of the Mongol Empire. With the fragmentation of the Mongol Empire after 1259 it became a functionally separate khanate. It is also known as the Kipchak Khanate or as the Ulus of Jochi.
Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia. With a population of about 425,000, it is one of the smaller capitals of Europe but still the country's largest city. The greater metropolitan area is home to more than 650,000 people. Bratislava is in southwestern Slovakia, occupying both banks of the River Danube and the left bank of the River Morava. Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two sovereign states.
The Mongols are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and to China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. They also live as minorities in other regions of China, as well as in Russia. Mongolian people belonging to the Buryat and Kalmyk subgroups live predominantly in the Russian federal subjects of Buryatia and Kalmykia.
Volga Bulgaria or Volga–Kama Bulghar, was a historic Bulgar state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama River, in what is now European Russia.
April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 270 days remaining until the end of the year.
Lake Peipus is the largest transboundary lake in Europe, lying on the border between Estonia and Russia.
St. Alexander Yaroslavich Nevsky served as Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev (1236–52) and Grand Prince of Vladimir (1252–63) during some of the most difficult times in Kievan Rus' history.
Timeline of the history of medicine and medical technology.
A ventricle is one of two large chambers toward the bottom of the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs. The atrium primes the pump. Interventricular means between the ventricles, while intraventricular means within one ventricle.
Year 1282 (MCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
The 1380s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1380, and ended on December 31, 1389.
Year 1226 (MCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1234 (MCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1394 (MCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
The 1250s decade ran from January 1, 1250, to December 31, 1259.
Year 1055 (MLV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
The 1220s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1220, and ended on December 31, 1229.
The 1240s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1240, and ended on December 31, 1249.
Year 1358 (MCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1385 (MCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1399 (MCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1291 (MCCXCI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1218 (MCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1160 (MCLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1249 (MCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1259 (MCCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. Dating year of the 1257 major volcanic anomaly, to be found in (polar) ice cores, supposed to be the Samalas eruption https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1257_Samalas_eruption
Year 1260 (MCCLX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
A golden bull or chrysobull was a decree issued by Byzantine Emperors and later by monarchs in Europe during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, most notably by the Holy Roman Emperors. The term was originally coined for the golden seal, attached to the decree, but came to be applied to the entire decree. Such decrees were known as golden bulls in western Europe and chrysobullos logos, or chrysobulls, in the Byzantine Empire.
The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century was the conquest of Europe by the Mongol Empire, by way of the destruction of East Slavic principalities, such as Kiev and Vladimir. The Mongol invasions also occurred in Central Europe, which led to warfare among fragmented Poland, such as the Battle of Legnica and in the Battle of Mohi in the Kingdom of Hungary.