1275

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1275 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1275
MCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2028
Armenian calendar 724
ԹՎ ՉԻԴ
Assyrian calendar 6025
Balinese saka calendar 1196–1197
Bengali calendar 682
Berber calendar 2225
English Regnal year 3  Edw. 1   4  Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar 1819
Burmese calendar 637
Byzantine calendar 6783–6784
Chinese calendar 甲戌(Wood  Dog)
3971 or 3911
     to 
乙亥年 (Wood  Pig)
3972 or 3912
Coptic calendar 991–992
Discordian calendar 2441
Ethiopian calendar 1267–1268
Hebrew calendar 5035–5036
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1331–1332
 - Shaka Samvat 1196–1197
 - Kali Yuga 4375–4376
Holocene calendar 11275
Igbo calendar 275–276
Iranian calendar 653–654
Islamic calendar 673–674
Japanese calendar Bun'ei 12 / Kenji 1
(建治元年)
Javanese calendar 1185–1186
Julian calendar 1275
MCCLXXV
Korean calendar 3608
Minguo calendar 637 before ROC
民前637年
Nanakshahi calendar −193
Thai solar calendar 1817–1818
Tibetan calendar 阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1401 or 1020 or 248
     to 
阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
1402 or 1021 or 249

Year 1275 ( MCCLXXV ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Africa

Marinid dynasty former country

The Marinid dynasty or Banu abd al-Haqq was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Zenata Berber descent that ruled Morocco from the 13th to the 15th century.

Algiers City in Algiers Province, Algeria

Algiers is the capital and largest city of Algeria. In 2011, the city's population was estimated to be around 3,500,000. An estimate puts the population of the larger metropolitan city to be around 5,000,000. Algiers is located on the Mediterranean Sea and in the north-central portion of Algeria.

Asia

March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the second of seven months to have a length of 31 days. In the Northern Hemisphere, the meteorological beginning of spring occurs on the first day of March. The March equinox on the 20th or 21st marks the astronomical beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere, where September is the seasonal equivalent of the Northern Hemisphere's March.

Turkish people or the Turks, also known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration, particularly in Western Europe.

Jia Sidao (1213-1275), courtesy name Shixian, was a chancellor of the late Song dynasty of China, the younger brother of a concubine of Emperor Lizong, who subsequently had a relationship of special favor with Emperor Duzong, and had roles in the Mongol-Song Battle of Xiangyang and an unpopular land nationalization program in the 1260s. Jia was assassinated by a court-designated sheriff charged with his custody after his court failures in 1275.

Europe

April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 253 days remaining until the end of the year.

The Statute of Westminster of 1275, also known as the Statute of Westminster I, codified the existing law in England, in 51 chapters.

Parliament legislature whose power and function are similar to those dictated by the Westminster system of the United Kingdom

In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries.

By topic

Arts

Jean de Meun was a French author best known for his continuation of the Roman de la Rose.

Allegory figure of speech

As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences. Allegory has occurred widely throughout history in all forms of art, largely because it can readily illustrate or convey complex ideas and concepts in ways that are comprehensible or striking to its viewers, readers, or listeners.

<i>Roman de la Rose</i> literary work

Le Roman de la Rose is a medieval French poem styled as an allegorical dream vision. It is a notable instance of courtly literature. The work's stated purpose is to both entertain and to teach others about the art of romantic love. Throughout the poem, Rose is used both as the name of the titular lady and as a symbol of female sexuality. The other characters' names also function both as regular names and as abstractions illustrating the various factors that are involved in a love affair.

Markets

  • In Ghent, the first instance is recorded of emission of life annuities by a town in the Low Countries; this event confirms a trend of consolidation of local public debt in north-western Europe, initiated in 1218 by Reims. [2]
Ghent Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Ghent is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is the capital and largest city of the East Flanders province, and the second largest municipality in Belgium, after Antwerp. The city started as a settlement at the confluence of the Rivers Scheldt and Leie and in the Late Middle Ages became one of the largest and richest cities of northern Europe, with some 50,000 people in 1300. It is a port and university city.

A life annuity is an annuity, or series of payments at fixed intervals, paid while the purchaser is alive. A life annuity is an insurance product typically sold or issued by life insurance companies. Life annuities may be sold in exchange for the immediate payment of a lump sum or a series of regular payments, prior to the onset of the annuity.

Low Countries historical coastal landscape in north western Europe

The Low Countries, the Low Lands, or historically also the Netherlands, is a coastal lowland region in northwestern Europe, forming the lower basin of the Rhine, Meuse, and Scheldt rivers, divided in the Middle Ages into numerous semi-independent principalities that consolidated in the countries of Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, as well as today's French Flanders.

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Related Research Articles

Year 1402 (MCDII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1277 (MCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1238 (MCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

The 1270s is the decade starting January 1, 1270, and ending December 31, 1279.

The 1280s is the decade starting January 1, 1280 and ending December 31, 1289.

Year 1356 (MCCCLVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1399 (MCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1292 (MCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1241 (MCCXLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1260 Year

Year 1260 (MCCLX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1279 A.D (MCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Emperor Gong of Song emperor of the Song Dynasty

Emperor Gong of Song, personal name Zhao Xian, was the 16th emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the seventh emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty. The sixth son of his predecessor, Emperor Duzong, Zhao Xian came to the throne around the age of four, and reigned for less than two years before he was forced to abdicate in 1276. He was succeeded by his fifth brother, Zhao Shi, enthroned as Emperor Duanzong.

Emperor Duzong emperor of the Song Dynasty

Emperor Duzong of Song, personal name Zhao Qi, was the 15th emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the sixth emperor of the Southern Song dynasty. He was a nephew of his predecessor, Emperor Lizong, and reigned from 1264 until his death in 1274.

Bayan of the Baarin, or Boyan, was a Mongol general. He was known to Marco Polo as "Bayan Hundred Eyes". He commanded the army of Kublai Khan against the Song dynasty (960–1279) of China, ushering in the Song collapse and the conquest of South China by the Yuan dynasty.

Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty

The Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty under Kublai Khan was the final step for the Mongols to rule the whole of China under the Yuan dynasty(Mongol Empire). It is also considered the Mongol Empire's last great military achievement.

Chén Yízhōng, was a chancellor of the Chinese Empire during the final years of the Song Dynasty.

Xie Daoqing was a Chinese Empress consort of the Song Dynasty, married to Emperor Lizong of Song. She was the regent of Southern Song China for Emperor Duzong in 1264, and for Emperor Gong of Song in 1274–76.

Empress Quan (1241–1309), was a Chinese Empress consort of the Song Dynasty, married to Emperor Duzong of Song.

References

  1. Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 158. ISBN   978-2-7071-5231-2.
  2. Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN   978-90-04-17565-5.