|1175 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1175 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1928|
|Balinese saka calendar||1096–1097|
|English Regnal year||21 Hen. 2 – 22 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲午年 (Wood Horse)|
3871 or 3811
— to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
3872 or 3812
|- Vikram Samvat||1231–1232|
|- Shaka Samvat||1096–1097|
|- Kali Yuga||4275–4276|
|Japanese calendar|| Jōan 5 / Angen 1|
|Minguo calendar||737 before ROC |
|Seleucid era||1486/1487 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1717–1718|
1301 or 920 or 148
— to —
1302 or 921 or 149
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1175 .|
Year 1175 ( MCLXXV ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2015 and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
A banknote is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand. Banknotes were originally issued by commercial banks, which were legally required to redeem the notes for legal tender when presented to the chief cashier of the originating bank. These commercial banknotes only traded at face value in the market served by the issuing bank. Commercial banknotes have primarily been replaced by national banknotes issued by central banks.
Hangzhou formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China. It sits at the head of Hangzhou Bay, which separates Shanghai and Ningbo. Hangzhou grew to prominence as the southern terminus of the Grand Canal and has been one of the most renowned and prosperous cities in China for much of the last millennium. The city's West Lake, a UNESCO World Heritage site immediately west of the city, is among its best-known attractions. A study conducted by PwC and China Development Research Foundation saw Hangzhou ranked first among "Chinese Cities of Opportunity". Hangzhou is also considered a World City with a "Beta+" classification according to GaWC.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016, it is the 15th most populous country in the world. Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, part of Thailand to the southwest, and the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia across the South China Sea to the east and southeast. Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, while its most populous city is Ho Chi Minh City.
Henry II, also known as Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as King of England, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, Count of Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Scotland, Wales and the Duchy of Brittany. Before he was 40 he controlled England, large parts of Wales, the eastern half of Ireland and the western half of France—an area that would later come to be called the Angevin Empire.
Rosamund Clifford, often called "The Fair Rosamund" or the "Rose of the World", was famed for her beauty and was a mistress of King Henry II of England, famous in English folklore.
Eleanor of Aquitaine was queen consort of France (1137–1152) and England (1154–1189) and duchess of Aquitaine in her own right (1137–1204). As a member of the Ramnulfids rulers in southwestern France, she was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe during the High Middle Ages. She was patron of literary figures such as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-Maure, and Bernart de Ventadorn. She led armies several times in her life and was a leader of the Second Crusade.
Venice is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
The Kingdom of Portugal was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal. It was in existence from 1139 until 1910. After 1415, it was also known as the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, and between 1815 and 1822, it was known as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. The name is also often applied to the Portuguese Empire, the realm's extensive overseas colonies.
Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 505,526 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Its urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.8 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost areas of its metro area form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, which is known as Cabo da Roca, located in the Sintra Mountains.
The University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, located in Modena and Reggio Emilia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in Italy, founded in 1175, with a population of 20,000 students.
The 1160s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1160, and ended on December 31, 1169.
The 1170s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1170, and ended on December 31, 1179.
Year 1002 (MII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
The 1180s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1180, and ended on December 31, 1189.
Year 1487 (MCDLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1189 (MCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. In English law, 1189 - specifically the beginning of the reign of Richard I - is considered the end of time immemorial.
Year 1128 (MCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1205 (MCCV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1180 (MCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1158 (MCLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1021 (MXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1217 (MCCXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
1169 starting on Thursday not Wednesday
Year 1167 (MCLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1047 (MXLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1056 (MLVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1198 (MCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1174 (MCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1185 (MCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1186 (MCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.