1227

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1227 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1227
MCCXXVII
Ab urbe condita 1980
Armenian calendar 676
ԹՎ ՈՀԶ
Assyrian calendar 5977
Balinese saka calendar 1148–1149
Bengali calendar 634
Berber calendar 2177
English Regnal year 11  Hen. 3   12  Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1771
Burmese calendar 589
Byzantine calendar 6735–6736
Chinese calendar 丙戌(Fire  Dog)
3923 or 3863
     to 
丁亥年 (Fire  Pig)
3924 or 3864
Coptic calendar 943–944
Discordian calendar 2393
Ethiopian calendar 1219–1220
Hebrew calendar 4987–4988
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1283–1284
 - Shaka Samvat 1148–1149
 - Kali Yuga 4327–4328
Holocene calendar 11227
Igbo calendar 227–228
Iranian calendar 605–606
Islamic calendar 624–625
Japanese calendar Karoku 3 / Antei 1
(安貞元年)
Javanese calendar 1135–1136
Julian calendar 1227
MCCXXVII
Korean calendar 3560
Minguo calendar 685 before ROC
民前685年
Nanakshahi calendar −241
Thai solar calendar 1769–1770
Tibetan calendar 阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
1353 or 972 or 200
     to 
阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
1354 or 973 or 201

Year 1227 ( MCCXXVII ) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The most recent year of such kind was 2010 and the next one will be 2021 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2011 and 2022 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 2100, will also be a common year starting on Friday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in August. Leap years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another one in February.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC/BCE), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC/BCE), by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and Greek astronomers such as Sosigenes of Alexandria.

Contents

Events

January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

Livonian Crusade German and Danish conquest of medieval Livonia

The Livonian Crusade was the conquest of the territory constituting modern Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia during the pope-sanctioned Northern Crusades, performed mostly by Germans from the Holy Roman Empire and Danes. It ended with the creation of the Terra Mariana and Duchy of Estonia. The lands on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea were the last corners of Europe to be Christianized.

The Livonian Brothers of the Sword was a Catholic military order established by Albert, the third bishop of Riga, in 1202. Pope Innocent III sanctioned the establishment in 1204 for the second time. The membership of the order comprised German "warrior monks" who fought Baltic and Finnic pagans in the area of modern-day Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Alternative names of the Order include Christ Knights, Swordbrothers, Sword Brethren, and The Militia of Christ of Livonia. The seal reads: +MAGISTRI ETFRM MILICIE CRI (Christi) DE LIVONIA.

Births

September 30 is the 273rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 92 days remain until the end of the year.

Pope Nicholas IV 191st Pope of the Catholic Church

Pope Nicholas IV, born Girolamo Masci, Pope from 22 February 1288 to his death in 1292. He was the first Franciscan to be elected pope.

Year 1292 (MCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 288 days remain until the end of the year.

Pope Honorius III pope

Pope Honorius III, born as Cencio Savelli, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 18 July 1216 to his death in 1227.

Year 1148 (MCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Related Research Articles

The Northern Crusades or Baltic Crusades were religious wars undertaken by Catholic Christian military orders and kingdoms, primarily against the pagan Baltic, Finnic and West Slavic peoples around the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, and to a lesser extent also against Orthodox Christian Slavs.

The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

Year 1202 (MCCII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1220 (MCCXX) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1223 (MCCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1224 (MCCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

The 1210s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1210, and ended on December 31, 1219.

The 1220s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1220, and ended on December 31, 1229.

Year 1217 (MCCXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1218 (MCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1219 (MCCXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1211 Year

Year 1211 (MCCXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1210 (MCCX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1261 Year

Year 1261 (MCCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1288 (MCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Duchy of Estonia (1219–1346) former Danish possession in Balticum

The Duchy of Estonia, also known as Danish Estonia, was a direct dominion of the King of Denmark from 1219 until 1346 when it was sold to the Teutonic Order and became part of the Ordensstaat.

Inhabitants of Saaremaa

Inhabitants of Saaremaa, refers to people historically living on the island of Saaremaa, an island in Estonia in the Baltic Sea. In modern Estonian, they are called saarlased. In Viking-Age literature, the inhabitants were often included under the name "Vikings from Estonia". The name Oeselians was first used by Henry of Livonia in the 13th century. The inhabitants are often mentioned in the historic written sources during the Estonian Viking Age.

Terra Mariana

Terra Mariana was the official name for Medieval Livonia or Old Livonia. It was formed in the aftermath of the Livonian Crusade, and its territories were composed of present day Estonia and Latvia. It was established on 2 February 1207, as a principality of the Holy Roman Empire, but lost this status in 1215 when Pope Innocent III proclaimed it as directly subject to the Holy See.

References

  1. 1 2 Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 79–81. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  2. "Attack to Finland in 1226". Laurentian Codex (in Swedish). Archived from the original on September 27, 2007.
  3. Tanahashi, Kazuaki, ed. (1997). Moon In a Dewdrop: Writings of Zen Master Dogen . New York: North Point Press. ISBN   0-86547-186-X.
  4. Tanahashi, Kazuaki; Loori, Daido (eds.). The True Dharma Eye. Boston: Shambhala.