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|1297 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1297 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2050|
|Balinese saka calendar||1218–1219|
|English Regnal year||25 Edw. 1 – 26 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 丙申年 (Fire Monkey)|
3993 or 3933
— to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
3994 or 3934
|- Vikram Samvat||1353–1354|
|- Shaka Samvat||1218–1219|
|- Kali Yuga||4397–4398|
|Japanese calendar|| Einin 5|
|Minguo calendar||615 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1839–1840|
1423 or 1042 or 270
— to —
1424 or 1043 or 271
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1297 .|
Year 1297 ( MCCXCVII ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
January 8 is the eighth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 357 days remaining until the end of the year.
Francesco Grimaldi, called il Malizia, was the Genoese leader of the Guelphs who captured the Rock of Monaco on the night of 8 January 1297. He was the son of Guglielmo Grimaldi by his wife Giacobina or Giacoba, a Genoese noble.
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea.
Louis IX, commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France, the ninth from the House of Capet, and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII the Lion, although his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom until he reached maturity. During Louis' childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and put an end to the Albigensian Crusade which had started 20 years earlier.
The Treaty of Anagni was an accord between the Pope Boniface VIII, James II of Aragon, Philip IV of France, Charles II of Naples, and James II of Majorca. It was signed on 20 June 1295 at Anagni, in central Italy. The chief purpose was to confirm the Treaty of Tarascon of 1291, which ended the Aragonese Crusade. It also dealt with finding a diplomatic solution to the conquest of Sicily by Peter III of Aragón in 1285.
The Kingdom of Aragon was a medieval and early modern kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula, corresponding to the modern-day autonomous community of Aragon, in Spain. It should not be confused with the larger Crown of Aragon, that also included other territories — the Principality of Catalonia, the Kingdom of Valencia, the Kingdom of Majorca, and other possessions that are now part of France, Italy, and Greece — that were also under the rule of the King of Aragon, but were administered separately from the Kingdom of Aragon.
Andronikos III Palaiologos, commonly Latinized as Andronicus III Palaeologus, was Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341. Born Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos, he was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia. He was proclaimed co-emperor in his youth, before 1313, and in April 1321 he rebelled in opposition to his grandfather, Andronikos II Palaiologos. He was formally crowned co-emperor in February 1325, before ousting his grandfather outright and becoming sole emperor on 24 May 1328.
Year 1341 (MCCCXLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Joseph ben Abba Meir ben Joseph ben Jacob Caspi, was a Provençal exegete, grammarian, and philosopher, apparently influenced by Averroës. His family hailed from Largentière, from whence his Hebrew surname "Caspi" derived. His Provençal name was Don Bonafous de Largentera, or in French En Bonafoux de L'Argentière. He traveled much, visiting Arles, Tarascon, Aragon, Catalonia, Majorca, and Egypt, where, as he says in his Tzawwa'ah, he hoped to be instructed by the members of Maimonides' family. This hope was not realized, as the descendants of Maimonides were more pious than learned. At one time Caspi intended to go to Fez, where many renowned schools existed; but he seems to have abandoned this project and to have settled at Tarascon. He underwent much suffering at the time of the Pastoureaux persecution, and was threatened with punishment if he did not renounce his faith.
Year 1340 (MCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Charles II of Alençon, called the Magnanimous was the second son of Charles of Valois and his first wife Margaret, Countess of Anjou, and brother of Philip VI of France. He was Count of Alençon and Count of Perche (1325–1346), as well as Count of Chartres and Count of Joigny (1335–1336).
March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 281 days remaining until the end of the year.
Arnošt z Pardubic was the first Archbishop of Prague. He was also an advisor and diplomat to Emperor Charles IV.
Year 1364 (MCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1465 (MCDLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1506 (MDVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1537 (MDXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1147 (MCXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1320 (MCCCXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1338 (MCCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1371 (MCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
1544 (MDXLIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1544th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 544th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 16th century, and the 5th year of the 1540s decade. As of the start of 1544, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was the dominant calendar of the time.
Year 1505 (MDV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1489 (MCDLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1460 (MCDLX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1347 (MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Sunday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar. 1347 (MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1347th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 347th year of the 2nd millennium, the 47th year of the 14th century, and the 8th year of the 1340s decade. As of the start of 1347, the Gregorian calendar was 8 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was the dominant calendar of the time.
Year 1355 (MCCCLV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1383 (MCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1384 (MCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1321 (MCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1324 (MCCCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1332 (MCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1298 (MCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1175 (MCLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.