Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1265 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1265
Ab urbe condita 2018
Armenian calendar 714
Assyrian calendar 6015
Balinese saka calendar 1186–1187
Bengali calendar 672
Berber calendar 2215
English Regnal year 49  Hen. 3   50  Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1809
Burmese calendar 627
Byzantine calendar 6773–6774
Chinese calendar 甲子(Wood  Rat)
3961 or 3901
乙丑年 (Wood  Ox)
3962 or 3902
Coptic calendar 981–982
Discordian calendar 2431
Ethiopian calendar 1257–1258
Hebrew calendar 5025–5026
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1321–1322
 - Shaka Samvat 1186–1187
 - Kali Yuga 4365–4366
Holocene calendar 11265
Igbo calendar 265–266
Iranian calendar 643–644
Islamic calendar 663–664
Japanese calendar Bun'ei 2
Javanese calendar 1175–1176
Julian calendar 1265
Korean calendar 3598
Minguo calendar 647 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −203
Thai solar calendar 1807–1808
Tibetan calendar 阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1391 or 1010 or 238
(female Wood-Ox)
1392 or 1011 or 239
The restored Byzantine Empire and surrounding lands in 1265. ShepherdByzempire1265.jpg
The restored Byzantine Empire and surrounding lands in 1265.

Year 1265 ( MCCLXV ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



By topic

War and politics


By place

Africa and Asia


Emperor Fushimi Emperor Fushimi.jpg
Emperor Fushimi
Emperor Go-Uda Emperor Go-Uda.jpg
Emperor Go-Uda


Related Research Articles

Dante Alighieri Italian poet

Durante di Alighiero degli Alighieri, commonly known by his pen name Dante Alighieri or simply as Dante, was an Italian poet. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa and later christened Divina by Giovanni Boccaccio, is widely considered the most important poem of the Middle Ages and the greatest literary work in the Italian language.

Year 1252 (MCCLII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1130 (MCXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

The 1260s is the decade starting January 1, 1260 and ending December 31, 1269.

The 1290s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1290, and ended on December 31, 1299.

Year 1251 (MCCLI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1301 (MCCCI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1294 (MCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1293 (MCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1218 (MCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1213 (MCCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1235 (MCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1241 (MCCXLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1259 1259

Year 1259 (MCCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1260 1260

Year 1260 (MCCLX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1267 (MCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1268 1268

Year 1268 (MCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Boniface of Savoy (bishop) 13th-century Archbishop of Canterbury and saint

Boniface of Savoy was a medieval Bishop of Belley in France and Archbishop of Canterbury in England. He was the son of Thomas, Count of Savoy, and owed his initial ecclesiastical posts to his father. Other members of his family were also clergymen, and a brother succeeded his father as count. One niece was married to King Henry III of England and another was married to King Louis IX of France. It was Henry who secured Boniface's election as Archbishop, and throughout his tenure of that office he spent much time on the continent. He clashed with his bishops, with his nephew-by-marriage, and with the papacy, but managed to eliminate the archiepiscopal debt which he had inherited on taking office. During Simon de Montfort's struggle with King Henry, Boniface initially helped Montfort's cause, but later supported the king. After his death in Savoy, his tomb became the object of a cult, and he was eventually beatified in 1839.

Budweiser Budvar Brewery brewery in České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Budweiser Budvar is a brewery in the Czech city of České Budějovice, best known for its original Budweiser or Budweiser Budvar pale lager brewed using artesian water, Moravian barley and Saaz hops. Budweiser Budvar is the fourth largest beer producer in the Czech Republic and the second largest exporter of beer abroad.

Stephen Bersted was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.


  1. Lehmberg, Stanford (2002). A History of the Peoples of the British Isles: From Prehistoric Times to 1688. New York and London: Routledge. p. 77. ISBN   9781134415281.
  2. Grossman, Mark (2007). World Military Leaders: A Biographical Dictionary. Facts on File Library of World History. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 97–98. ISBN   9780816074778.
  3. Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1976). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571: The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society 114. Volume I: The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society. p. 100. ISBN   9780871691149.
  4. 1 2 Mackintosh, James; Wallace, William (1836). The history of England, by sir J. Mackintosh (continued by W. Wallace, R. Bell). Volume I: England. London: Longman and John Taylor. pp. 237–238.
  5. Bullock, H. A. (1816). History of the Isle of Man: With a Comparative View of the Past and Present State of Society and Manners, Containing Also Biographical Anecdotes of Eminent Persons Connected with that Island. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown. pp.  23. 1265 isle of man.
  6. Slatyer, Will (2014). Ebbs and Flows of Medieval Empires, AD 900 – 1400: A Short History of Medieval Religion, War, Prosperity and Debt. Singapore: Partridge India. p. 321. ISBN   9781482896831.
  7. Howorth, Henry Hoyle (2008). History of the Mongols from the 9th to the 19th Century. Part 2: The So-Called Tartars of Russia and Central Asia. New York: Cosimo, Inc. p. 123. ISBN   9781605201344.
  8. Powell, John (2001). Magill's Guide to Military History. Volume 3: Jap-Pel. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press. p. 854. ISBN   9780893560171.
  9. Strabone, Jeff (2018). Poetry and British Nationalisms in the Bardic Eighteenth Century: Imagined Antiquities. Palgrave Studies in the Enlightenment, Romanticism and Cultures of Print. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 126–127. ISBN   9783319952550.
  10. Corte-Real, Antonio (2005). "The Conflict Between Trade Marks and Geographical Indications - The Case of Budweiser in Portugal". In Heath, Christopher; Sanders, Anselm Kamperman (eds.). New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: IP and Cultural Heritage – Geographical Indications – Enforcement – Overprotection. Oxford and Portland, OR: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 155. ISBN   9781847312563.
  11. Aavitsland, Kristin B. (2012). Imagining the Human Condition in Medieval Rome: The Cistercian Fresco Cycle at Abbazia Delle Tre Fontane. Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 174. ISBN   9781409438182.
  12. Kunz, George Frederick (1973) [1917]. Rings for the Finger: From the Earliest Known Times to the Present, with Full Descriptions of the Origin, Early Making, Materials, the Archaeology, History, for Affection, for Love, for Engagement, for Wedding, Commemorative, Mourning, etc. New York: Dover Publications. p. 263. ISBN   9780486144245.
  13. Izbicki, Thomas M. (2016) [1995]. "Clement IV". In Kibler, William W.; Zinn, Grover A. (eds.). Routledge Revivals: Medieval France (1995): An Encyclopedia. New York and London: Taylor & Francis. p. 230. ISBN   9781351665667.
  14. Stanton, Charles D. (2015). Medieval Maritime Warfare. Barnsley, UK: Pen and Sword. p. 104. ISBN   9781473856431.
  15. Slack, Corliss K. (2013). Historical Dictionary of the Crusades. Lanham, Toronto, Plymouth, UK: Scarecrow Press. pp. xxxii. ISBN   9780810878310.
  16. Okazaki, Hisahiko (1986). A grand strategy for Japanese defense. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. p. 4. ISBN   9780819153258.
  17. Goitein, S. D. (1999). A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Volume I: Economic Foundations. Berkeley, CA, Los Angeles, CA and London: University of California Press. p. 19. ISBN   9780520221581.
  18. Dwivedi, Rakesh (2010). Gs In 60 Days. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 1.49. ISBN   9780070670785.
  19. Mostow, Joshua S. (2014). Courtly Visions: The Ise Stories and the Politics of Cultural Appropriation. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 99. ISBN   9789004249431.
  20. Tonʼa (2003). Just Living: Poems and Prose by the Japanese Monk Tonna. Translated by Steven D. Carter. New York and Chichester, UK: Columbia University Press. p. 232. ISBN   9780231125536.
  21. Tonʼa (2003). Just Living: Poems and Prose by the Japanese Monk Tonna. New York and Chichester, UK: Columbia University Press. p. 232. ISBN   9780231125536.
  22. Mass, Jeffrey P. (1997). The Origins of Japan's Medieval World: Courtiers, Clerics, Warriors, and Peasants in the Fourteenth Century. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 274. ISBN   9780804743792.
  23. Thomas, Joseph (2009). The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. Volume I: A - CLU. New York: Cosimo, Inc. p. 91. ISBN   9781616400699.
  24. Toynbee, Paget (2005). "Part II: Dante in Florence". Dante Alighieri: His Life and Works. Mineola, NY: Courier Corporation. p. 36. ISBN   9780486146423.
  25. Martin, Therese (2012). Reassessing the Roles of Women as 'Makers' of Medieval Art and Architecture. Visualising the Middle Ages. Volume Two. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 1083. ISBN   9789004185555.
  26. Roberson, Gloria G. (2003). The World of Toni Morrison: A Guide to Characters and Places in Her Novels . Wesport, CT and London: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp.  13. ISBN   9780313323805. 1265 Beatrice Portinari.
  27. Dyer, Ray (2016). Lady Muriel: The Victorian Romance by Lewis Carroll. Kibworth Beauchamp, UK: Troubador Publishing Ltd. pp. l. ISBN   9781785890314.
  28. The Chetham Society (1890). Remains, Historical and Literary, Connected with the Palatine Counties of Lancaster and Chester. Manchester, UK: Chetham Society. pp.  721. 1265 John maunsell.
  29. Browne, Edward G. (2013) [1920]. A History of Persian Literature under Tartar Dominion (AD 1265–1502). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN   9781107682412.
  30. Guiley, Rosemary (2001). The Encyclopedia of Saints. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 305–306. ISBN   9781438130262.
  31. Bartlett, Robert (2013). Why Can the Dead Do Such Great Things?: Saints and Worshippers from the Martyrs to the Reformation. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. p. 218. ISBN   9781400848782.
  32. Crabb, George (1825). Universal Historical Dictionary: Or, Explanation of the Names of Persons and Places in the Departments of Biblical, Political, and Ecclesiastical History, Mythology, Heraldry, Biography, Bibliography, Geography, and Numismatics. Illustrated by Portraits and Medallic Cuts. Volume II. London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy.
  33. 1 2 Wilkinson, Louise J. (2012). Eleanor de Montfort: A Rebel Countess in Medieval England. London and New York: A&C Black. p. 208. ISBN   9781441182197.
  34. Imsen, Steinar (2010). The Norwegian Domination and the Norse World, C.1100-c.1400. "Norgesveldet", Occasional Papers No. 1. Trondheim, Norway: Tapir Academic Press. p. 104. ISBN   9788251925631.
  35. Dongen, Emanuel van (2014). Contributory Negligence: A Historical and Comparative Study. Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 120. ISBN   9789004278721.
  36. Kadens, Emily (2019). "Convergence and the colonization of customs in pre-modern Europe". In Moréteau, Olivier; Masferrer, Aniceto; Modéer, Kjell A. (eds.). Comparative Legal History. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 178. ISBN   9781781955222.
  37. Eichner, Heidrun (2011). "Essence and Existence. Thirteenth-Century Perspectives in Arabic-Islamic Philosophy and Theology". In Hasse, Dag Nikolaus; Bertolacci, Amos (eds.). The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna's Metaphysics. Berlin and Boston: Walter de Gruyter. p. 125. ISBN   9783110215762.