1203

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1203 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1203
MCCIII
Ab urbe condita 1956
Armenian calendar 652
ԹՎ ՈԾԲ
Assyrian calendar 5953
Balinese saka calendar 1124–1125
Bengali calendar 610
Berber calendar 2153
English Regnal year 4  Joh. 1   5  Joh. 1
Buddhist calendar 1747
Burmese calendar 565
Byzantine calendar 6711–6712
Chinese calendar 壬戌(Water  Dog)
3899 or 3839
     to 
癸亥年 (Water  Pig)
3900 or 3840
Coptic calendar 919–920
Discordian calendar 2369
Ethiopian calendar 1195–1196
Hebrew calendar 4963–4964
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1259–1260
 - Shaka Samvat 1124–1125
 - Kali Yuga 4303–4304
Holocene calendar 11203
Igbo calendar 203–204
Iranian calendar 581–582
Islamic calendar 599–600
Japanese calendar Kennin 3
(建仁3年)
Javanese calendar 1111–1112
Julian calendar 1203
MCCIII
Korean calendar 3536
Minguo calendar 709 before ROC
民前709年
Nanakshahi calendar −265
Thai solar calendar 1745–1746
Tibetan calendar 阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1329 or 948 or 176
     to 
阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1330 or 949 or 177

Year 1203 ( MCCIII ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. It was also the first year to have all digits different from each other since 1098.

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  • First evidence that the Temple in London is extending loans to the king of England. The sums remain relatively small, but are often used for critical operations, such as the ransoming of the king’s soldiers captured by the French. [1]

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Related Research Articles

Alexios III Angelos Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Alexios III Angelos was Byzantine Emperor from March 1195 to 17/18 July 1203. A member of the extended imperial family, Alexios came to throne after deposing, blinding and imprisoning his younger brother Isaac II Angelos. The most significant event of his reign was the attack of the Fourth Crusade on Constantinople in 1203, on behalf of Alexios IV Angelos. Alexios III took over the defence of the city, which he mismanaged, and then fled the city at night with one of his three daughters. From Adrianople, and then Mosynopolis, he attempted unsuccessfully to rally his supporters, only to end up a captive of Marquis Boniface of Montferrat. He was ransomed, sent to Asia Minor where he plotted against his son-in-law Theodore Laskaris, but was eventually captured and spent his last days confined to the Monastery of Hyakinthos in Nicaea, where he died.

Alexios V Doukas Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Alexios V Doukas, in Latinised spelling Alexius V Ducas, was Byzantine emperor from 5 February to 12 April 1204, just prior to the sack of Constantinople by the participants of the Fourth Crusade. His family name was Doukas, but he was also known by the nickname Mourtzouphlos or Murtzuphlus (Μούρτζουφλος), referring to either bushy, overhanging eyebrows or a sullen, gloomy character. He achieved power through a palace coup, killing his predecessors in the process. Though he made vigorous attempts to defend Constantinople from the crusader army, his military efforts proved ineffective. His actions won the support of the mass of the populace, but he alienated the elite of the city. Following the fall, sack, and occupation of the city, Alexios V was blinded by another ex-emperor and later executed by the new Latin regime. He was the last Byzantine emperor to rule in Constantinople until the Byzantine recapture of Constantinople in 1261.

12th century Century

The 12th century is the period from 1101 to 1200 in accordance with the Julian calendar. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages and is sometimes called the Age of the Cistercians. The Golden Age of Islam kept experiencing significant developments, particularly in Islamic Spain, Seljuk and Ghurid territories. Most of the Crusader states including the Kingdom of Jerusalem fell to the Ayyubid dynasty founded by Saladin, who overtook the Fatimids. In Song dynasty of China faced an invasion by Jurchens, which caused a political schism of north and south. The Khmer Empire of Cambodia flourished during this century. Following the expansions of the Ghaznavids and Ghurid Empire, the Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent till Bengal began to place in the end of the century.

Year 1204 (MCCIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1142 (MCXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

The 1080s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1080, and ended on December 31, 1089.

Year 1118 (MCXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1153 Calendar year

Year 1153 (MCLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1103 Calendar year

Year 1103 (MCIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1081 Calendar year

Year 1081 (MLXXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1261 Calendar year

Year 1261 (MCCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Isaac II Angelos Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Isaac II Angelos was Byzantine Emperor from 1185 to 1195, and again from 1203 to 1204.

Fourth Crusade 1204 Crusade that captured Constantinople rather than Jerusalem

The Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) was a Latin Christian armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III. The stated intent of the expedition was to recapture the Muslim-controlled city of Jerusalem, by first conquering the powerful Egyptian Ayyubid Sultanate, the strongest Muslim state of the time. However, a sequence of economic and political events culminated in the Crusader army's 1204 Sack of Constantinople, the capital of the Greek Christian-controlled Byzantine Empire, rather than Egypt as originally planned.

Alexios IV Angelos Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Alexios IV Angelos or Alexius IV Angelus was Byzantine Emperor from August 1203 to January 1204. He was the son of Emperor Isaac II Angelus and his first wife, an unknown Palaiologina, who became a nun with the name Irene. His paternal uncle was his predecessor Emperor Alexius III Angelus.

Komnenos, is a noble family who ruled the Byzantine Empire from 1081 to 1185, and later, as the Grand Komnenoi founded and ruled the Empire of Trebizond (1204–1461). Through intermarriages with other noble families, notably the Doukai, Angeloi, and Palaiologoi, the Komnenos name appears among most of the major noble houses of the late Byzantine world.

Byzantine Empire under the Angelos dynasty

The Byzantine Empire was ruled by emperors of the Angeloi dynasty between 1185 and 1204 AD. The Angeloi rose to the throne following the deposition of Andronikos I Komnenos, the last male-line Komnenos to rise to the throne. The Angeloi were female-line descendants of the previous dynasty. While in power, the Angeloi failed to stop the invasions of the Turks by the Sultanate of Rum, the successful uprising and resurrection of the Bulgarian Empire, and the loss of the Dalmatian coast and much of the Balkan areas won by Manuel I Komnenos to the Kingdom of Hungary.

Siege of Constantinople (1203) 1203 siege

The Siege of Constantinople in 1203 was a Crusader siege of the capital of the Byzantine Empire, in support of the deposed emperor Isaac II Angelos and his son Alexios IV Angelos. It marked the main outcome of the Fourth Crusade.

Pretenders to the Byzantine throne

The Byzantine Empire, the medieval continuation of the ancient Roman Empire, ceased to exist with the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, ending its line of emperors stretching from Augustus in 27 BC to the final emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos in 1453. After the Fall of Constantinople, both the Ottoman Empire and Moscow, proclaimed themselves as Byzantium's successors as the "Third Rome".

The timeline of the Latin Empire is a chronological list of events of the history of the Latin Empire—the crusader state that developed on the ruins of the Byzantine Empire after the Fourth Crusade in the 13th century.

References

  1. Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).