|1249 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1249 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2002|
|Balinese saka calendar||1170–1171|
|English Regnal year||33 Hen. 3 – 34 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 戊申年 (Earth Monkey)|
3945 or 3885
— to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
3946 or 3886
|- Vikram Samvat||1305–1306|
|- Shaka Samvat||1170–1171|
|- Kali Yuga||4349–4350|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōji 3 / Kenchō 1|
|Minguo calendar||663 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1791–1792|
1375 or 994 or 222
— to —
1376 or 995 or 223
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1249 .|
Year 1249 ( MCCXLIX ) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:
A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The most recent year of such kind was 2010 and the next one will be 2021 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2011 and 2022 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 2100, will also be a common year starting on Friday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in August. Leap years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another one in February.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC/BCE), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC/BCE), by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
Louis IX, commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France, and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom as regent until he reached maturity. During Louis' childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and obtained a definitive victory in the Albigensian Crusade which had started 20 years earlier.
Damietta is a port and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt, a former bishopric and present multiple Catholic titular see. It is located at the Damietta branch, an eastern distributary of the Nile, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the Mediterranean Sea, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Cairo.
Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in the northeast corner of Africa, whose territory in the Sinai Peninsula extends beyond the continental boundary with Asia, as traditionally defined. Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.
The Kingdom of Sukhothai was an early kingdom in the area around the city Sukhothai, in north central Thailand. The Kingdom existed from 1238 until 1438. The old capital, now 12 km outside Sukhothai in Tambon Mueang Kao, is in ruins and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Historical Park.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th-largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. It is a unitary state. Although nominally the country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup, in 2014, established a de facto military dictatorship under a junta.
The Hikitsuke or Hikitsuke-kata (引付方) was one of the judicial organs of the Kamakura and Muromachi shogunates of Japan.
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Year 1550 (MDL) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
1592 (MDXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. As of the start of 1592, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar.
Year 1095 (MXCV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1147 (MCXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1297 (MCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1248 (MCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
The 1250s decade ran from January 1, 1250, to December 31, 1259.
Year 1055 ('MLV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
The 1240s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1240, and ended on December 31, 1249.
Year 1363 (MCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1291 (MCCXCI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1272 (MCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1218 (MCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1167 (MCLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1160 (MCLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 990 (CMXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1240 (MCCXL) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1242 (MCCXLII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1254 (MCCLIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1263 (MCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.