|1146 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1146 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1899|
|Balinese saka calendar||1067–1068|
|English Regnal year||11 Ste. 1 – 12 Ste. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 乙丑年 (Wood Ox)|
3842 or 3782
— to —
丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
3843 or 3783
|- Vikram Samvat||1202–1203|
|- Shaka Samvat||1067–1068|
|- Kali Yuga||4246–4247|
|Japanese calendar|| Kyūan 2|
|Minguo calendar||766 before ROC |
|Seleucid era||1457/1458 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1688–1689|
1272 or 891 or 119
— to —
1273 or 892 or 120
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1146 .|
Year 1146 ( MCXLVI ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The Kingdom of Jerusalem, also known as the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, was a Crusader state established in the Southern Levant by Godfrey of Bouillon in 1099 after the First Crusade. The kingdom lasted nearly two hundred years, from 1099 until 1291 when its last remaining possession, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks. Its history is divided into two distinct periods. The First Kingdom of Jerusalem lasted from 1099 to 1187 before being almost entirely overrun by Saladin. Following the Third Crusade, the kingdom was re-established in Acre in 1192, and lasted until the city's destruction in 1291, except for the two decades which followed Frederick II of Hohenstaufen regaining the city of Jerusalem from the Ayyubids in the Sixth Crusade through diplomacy. This second kingdom is sometimes called the Second Kingdom of Jerusalem or the Kingdom of Acre, after its new capital. The vast majority of the crusaders who established and settled the Kingdom of Jerusalem were from the Kingdom of France, as were the knights and troops who made up the bulk of the steady flow of reinforcements throughout the two-hundred-year span of its existence. Its rulers and elite were therefore of French or Norman origin.The French Crusaders also brought the French language to the Levant, thus making Old French the lingua franca of the Crusader states.
Year 1135 (MCXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1142 (MCXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
The 1100s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1100, and ended on December 31, 1109.
The 1140s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1140, and ended on December 31, 1149.
Year 1147 (MCXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1097 (MXCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1145 (MCXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1148 (MCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1102 (MCII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
The Second Crusade (1147–1150) was the second major crusade launched from Europe. The Second Crusade was started in response to the fall of the County of Edessa in 1144 to the forces of Zengi. The county had been founded during the First Crusade (1096–1099) by King Baldwin I of Jerusalem in 1098. While it was the first Crusader state to be founded, it was also the first to fall.
The Zengid or Zangid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Oghuz Turk origin, which ruled parts of the Levant and Upper Mesopotamia on behalf of the Seljuk Empire. The dynasty was founded by Imad ad-Din Zengi.
Nūr ad-Dīn Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd ibn ʿImād ad-Dīn Zengī, often shortened to his laqabNur ad-Din and in Turkish also known as Nûreddin Mahmud Zengi, was a member of the Oghuz Turkish Zengid dynasty, which ruled the Syrian province of the Seljuk Empire. He reigned from 1146 to 1174.
The County of Edessa was one of the Crusader states in the 12th century. Its seat was the city of Edessa.
The Principality of Antioch was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade which included parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria. The principality was much smaller than the County of Edessa or the Kingdom of Jerusalem. It extended around the northeastern edge of the Mediterranean, bordering the County of Tripoli to the south, Edessa to the east, and the Byzantine Empire or the Kingdom of Armenia to the northwest, depending on the date.
The Battle of Inab, also called Battle of Ard al-Hâtim or Fons Muratus, was fought on 29 June 1149, during the Second Crusade. The Zengid army of Atabeg Nur ad-Din Zangi destroyed the combined army of Prince Raymond of Antioch and the Assassins of Ali ibn-Wafa. The Principality of Antioch was subsequently pillaged and reduced in size as its eastern border was pushed west.
The Siege of Damascus took place between 24 and 28 July 1148, during the Second Crusade. It ended in a decisive crusader defeat and led to the disintegration of the crusade. The two main Christian forces that marched to the Holy Land in response to Pope Eugene III and Bernard of Clairvaux's call for the Second Crusade were led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany. Both faced disastrous marches across Anatolia in the months that followed, with most of their armies being destroyed. The original focus of the crusade was Edessa (Urfa), but in Jerusalem, the preferred target of King Baldwin III and the Knights Templar was Damascus. At the Council of Acre, magnates from France, Germany, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem decided to divert the crusade to Damascus.
The siege of Edessa took place from November 28 to December 24, 1144, resulting in the fall of the capital of the crusader County of Edessa to Zengi, the atabeg of Mosul and Aleppo. This event was the catalyst for the Second Crusade.
Mu'in ad-Din Unur al-Atabeki was the Turkish ruler of Damascus in the mid-12th century.