1146

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1146 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1146
MCXLVI
Ab urbe condita 1899
Armenian calendar 595
ԹՎ ՇՂԵ
Assyrian calendar 5896
Balinese saka calendar 1067–1068
Bengali calendar 553
Berber calendar 2096
English Regnal year 11  Ste. 1   12  Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar 1690
Burmese calendar 508
Byzantine calendar 6654–6655
Chinese calendar 乙丑(Wood  Ox)
3842 or 3782
     to 
丙寅年 (Fire  Tiger)
3843 or 3783
Coptic calendar 862–863
Discordian calendar 2312
Ethiopian calendar 1138–1139
Hebrew calendar 4906–4907
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1202–1203
 - Shaka Samvat 1067–1068
 - Kali Yuga 4246–4247
Holocene calendar 11146
Igbo calendar 146–147
Iranian calendar 524–525
Islamic calendar 540–541
Japanese calendar Kyūan 2
(久安2年)
Javanese calendar 1052–1053
Julian calendar 1146
MCXLVI
Korean calendar 3479
Minguo calendar 766 before ROC
民前766年
Nanakshahi calendar −322
Seleucid era 1457/1458 AG
Thai solar calendar 1688–1689
Tibetan calendar 阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1272 or 891 or 119
     to 
阳火虎年
(male Fire-Tiger)
1273 or 892 or 120
Bernard of Clairvaux (left) preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay (Burgundy). LouisVIIatVezelay.jpg
Bernard of Clairvaux (left) preaches the Second Crusade at Vézelay (Burgundy).

Year 1146 ( MCXLVI ) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Climate

  • A rainy year causes the harvest to fail in Europe; one of the worst famines of the century ensues. [6]

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Related Research Articles

Kingdom of Jerusalem Crusader state established in the Southern Levant by Godfrey of Bouillon in 1099 after the First Crusade

The Kingdom of Jerusalem, also known as the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, was a Crusader state established in the Southern Levant by Godfrey of Bouillon in 1099 after the First Crusade. The kingdom lasted nearly two hundred years, from 1099 until 1291 when its last remaining possession, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks. Its history is divided into two distinct periods. The First Kingdom of Jerusalem lasted from 1099 to 1187 before being almost entirely overrun by Saladin. Following the Third Crusade, the kingdom was re-established in Acre in 1192, and lasted until the city's destruction in 1291, except for the two decades which followed Frederick II of Hohenstaufen regaining the city of Jerusalem from the Ayyubids in the Sixth Crusade through diplomacy. This second kingdom is sometimes called the Second Kingdom of Jerusalem or the Kingdom of Acre, after its new capital. The vast majority of the crusaders who established and settled the Kingdom of Jerusalem were from the Kingdom of France, as were the knights and troops who made up the bulk of the steady flow of reinforcements throughout the two-hundred-year span of its existence. Its rulers and elite were therefore of French or Norman origin.The French Crusaders also brought the French language to the Levant, thus making Old French the lingua franca of the Crusader states.

1135 Calendar year

Year 1135 (MCXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1142 (MCXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1100s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1100, and ended on December 31, 1109.

The 1140s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1140, and ended on December 31, 1149.

1147 Calendar year

Year 1147 (MCXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1097 Calendar year

Year 1097 (MXCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1145 Calendar year

Year 1145 (MCXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1148 Calendar year

Year 1148 (MCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1102 Calendar year

Year 1102 (MCII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Second Crusade 12th-century crusade, the second major crusade

The Second Crusade (1147–1150) was the second major crusade launched from Europe. The Second Crusade was started in response to the fall of the County of Edessa in 1144 to the forces of Zengi. The county had been founded during the First Crusade (1096–1099) by King Baldwin I of Jerusalem in 1098. While it was the first Crusader state to be founded, it was also the first to fall.

Zengid dynasty Oghuz Turk dynasty 1127-1250, founded by Imad ad-Din Zengi

The Zengid or Zangid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Oghuz Turk origin, which ruled parts of the Levant and Upper Mesopotamia on behalf of the Seljuk Empire. The dynasty was founded by Imad ad-Din Zengi.

Nur ad-Din (died 1174) Emir of Damascus and Aleppo

Nūr ad-Dīn Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd ibn ʿImād ad-Dīn Zengī, often shortened to his laqabNur ad-Din and in Turkish also known as Nûreddin Mahmud Zengi, was a member of the Oghuz Turkish Zengid dynasty, which ruled the Syrian province of the Seljuk Empire. He reigned from 1146 to 1174.

County of Edessa Crusader state in the 12th century

The County of Edessa was one of the Crusader states in the 12th century. Its seat was the city of Edessa.

Principality of Antioch Crusader state formed by Bohemond of Taranto

The Principality of Antioch was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade which included parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria. The principality was much smaller than the County of Edessa or the Kingdom of Jerusalem. It extended around the northeastern edge of the Mediterranean, bordering the County of Tripoli to the south, Edessa to the east, and the Byzantine Empire or the Kingdom of Armenia to the northwest, depending on the date.

Battle of Inab Frankish defeat to Zengid forces-1149

The Battle of Inab, also called Battle of Ard al-Hâtim or Fons Muratus, was fought on 29 June 1149, during the Second Crusade. The Zengid army of Atabeg Nur ad-Din Zangi destroyed the combined army of Prince Raymond of Antioch and the Assassins of Ali ibn-Wafa. The Principality of Antioch was subsequently pillaged and reduced in size as its eastern border was pushed west.

Siege of Damascus (1148)

The Siege of Damascus took place between 24 and 28 July 1148, during the Second Crusade. It ended in a decisive crusader defeat and led to the disintegration of the crusade. The two main Christian forces that marched to the Holy Land in response to Pope Eugene III and Bernard of Clairvaux's call for the Second Crusade were led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany. Both faced disastrous marches across Anatolia in the months that followed, with most of their armies being destroyed. The original focus of the crusade was Edessa (Urfa), but in Jerusalem, the preferred target of King Baldwin III and the Knights Templar was Damascus. At the Council of Acre, magnates from France, Germany, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem decided to divert the crusade to Damascus.

The siege of Edessa took place from November 28 to December 24, 1144, resulting in the fall of the capital of the crusader County of Edessa to Zengi, the atabeg of Mosul and Aleppo. This event was the catalyst for the Second Crusade.

Mu'in ad-Din Unur al-Atabeki was the Turkish ruler of Damascus in the mid-12th century.

References

  1. Picard C. (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  2. Abulafia, David (1985). The Norman kingdom of Africa and the Norman expeditions to Majorca and the Muslim Mediterranean. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN   0-85115-416-6.
  3. 1 2 Williams, John B. (1997). "The making of a crusade: the Genoese anti-Muslim attacks in Spain 1146-1148". Journal of Medieval History. 23 (1): 29–53. doi:10.1016/s0304-4181(96)00022-x.
  4. David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 37. ISBN   978-1-84603-354-4.
  5. Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" [Sicily and the Libyan space in the Middle Ages](PDF) (in French). Retrieved January 17, 2012.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. Chester Jordan, William (1997). The great famine: northern Europe in the early fourteenth century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN   0-691-05891-1.