1140

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1140 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1140
MCXL
Ab urbe condita 1893
Armenian calendar 589
ԹՎ ՇՁԹ
Assyrian calendar 5890
Balinese saka calendar 1061–1062
Bengali calendar 547
Berber calendar 2090
English Regnal year 5  Ste. 1   6  Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar 1684
Burmese calendar 502
Byzantine calendar 6648–6649
Chinese calendar 己未(Earth  Goat)
3836 or 3776
     to 
庚申年 (Metal  Monkey)
3837 or 3777
Coptic calendar 856–857
Discordian calendar 2306
Ethiopian calendar 1132–1133
Hebrew calendar 4900–4901
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1196–1197
 - Shaka Samvat 1061–1062
 - Kali Yuga 4240–4241
Holocene calendar 11140
Igbo calendar 140–141
Iranian calendar 518–519
Islamic calendar 534–535
Japanese calendar Hōen 6
(保延6年)
Javanese calendar 1046–1047
Julian calendar 1140
MCXL
Korean calendar 3473
Minguo calendar 772 before ROC
民前772年
Nanakshahi calendar −328
Seleucid era 1451/1452 AG
Thai solar calendar 1682–1683
Tibetan calendar 阴土羊年
(female Earth-Goat)
1266 or 885 or 113
     to 
阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1267 or 886 or 114

Year 1140 ( MCXL ) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are GF, such as the years 1720, 1748, 1776, 1816, 1844, 1872, 1912, 1940, 1968, 1996, 2024, 2052, 2080, and 2120 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2008, 2036, and 2064 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Monday, Wednesday or Thursday has two Friday the 13ths. This leap year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Common years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC), by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematicians and Greek astronomers such as Sosigenes of Alexandria.

Contents

Events

By area

Europe

  • April – Henry Jasomirgott is made count palatine of the Rhine.
  • Summer – The Assizes of Ariano are enacted by Roger II of Sicily.
  • December 21Conrad III of Germany besieges Weinsberg, the stronghold of Welfs.
  • Date unknown
    Roger II of Sicily King of Sicily

    Roger II was King of Sicily and Africa, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, then King of Sicily in 1130 and King of Africa in 1148.. By the time of his death at the age of 58, Roger had succeeded in uniting all the Norman conquests in Italy into one kingdom with a strong centralized government.

    Medicine The science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of physical and mental illnesses

    Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.

    Lanark town in Scotland

    Lanark is a small town in the central belt of Scotland. The name is believed to come from the Cumbric Lanerc meaning "clear space, glade".

A count palatine, also count of the palace or palsgrave, was originally an official attached to a royal or imperial palace or household and later a nobleman of a rank above that of an ordinary count. The title originated in the late Roman Empire. In the Middle Ages especially and into modern times, it is associated with the Holy Roman Empire.

Rhine River in Western Europe

The Rhine is one of the major European rivers, which has its sources in Switzerland and flows in a mostly northerly direction through Germany and the Netherlands, emptying into the North Sea. The river begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

Assizes of Ariano constitution of the Norman Kingdom of Sicily

The Assizes of Ariano were a series of laws for the Kingdom of Sicily promulgated in the summer of 1140 at Ariano, near Benevento, by Roger II of Sicily. Having recently pacified the peninsula, constantly in revolt, he had decided to make a move to more centralised government. The assizes established the large Sicilian bureaucracy and sought to maintain the feudal system under strict royal control. It contained forty clauses that touched on all possible topics of contemporary legal concern: private property, public property, the church, civil law, royal finances, and the military. The work was advanced for its day, deriving its precepts not only from Norman and French, but also Muslim and Byzantine legal theories.

Asia

August 21 is the 233rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 132 days remain until the end of the year.

Jin–Song Wars series of Jurchen military campaigns against the Song Dynasty

The Jin–Song Wars were a series of conflicts between the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) and Han Chinese Song dynasty (960–1279). In 1115, Jurchen tribes rebelled against their overlords, the Khitan Liao dynasty (907–1125), and declared the formation of the Jin. Allying with the Song against their common enemy the Liao dynasty, the Jin promised to return to the Song the Sixteen Prefectures that had fallen under Liao control since 938. The Chinese agreed but the Jurchens' quick defeat of the Liao dynasty combined with Song dynasty military failures made the Jin reluctant to cede these territories. After a series of negotiations that embittered both sides, the Jurchens attacked the Song dynasty in 1125, dispatching one army to Taiyuan and the other to Bianjing, the Song capital.

Battle of Yancheng

The Battle of Yancheng took place in 1140 near modern-day Luohe City in Henan Province, China between the main armies of China under the Song dynasty and the Jurchen or Jin invaders from the north. The battle was a major clash in the wars between the Jin Empire and China. The Chinese forces, under the leadership of General Yue Fei, won a decisive victory despite being outnumbered.

By topic

Religion

June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 211 days remain until the end of the year.

Heresy belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs

Heresy is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs, in particular the accepted beliefs of a church or religious organization. A heretic is a proponent of such claims or beliefs. Heresy is distinct from both apostasy, which is the explicit renunciation of one's religion, principles or cause, and blasphemy, which is an impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things.

Sens Subprefecture and commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Sens is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France, 120 km from Paris.

Births

May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 217 days remain until the end of the year.

Xin Qiji Chinese poet

Xin Qiji was a great Chinese poet and military leader during the Southern Song dynasty.

Year 1207 (MCCVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

Related Research Articles

Year 1451 (MCDLI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1142 (MCXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1140s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1140, and ended on December 31, 1149.

Year 1126 (MCXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1110 Year

Year 1110 (MCX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1341 (MCCCXLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1214 (MCCXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

952 Year

Year 952 (CMLII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1456 (MCDLVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1340 (MCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1353 (MCCCLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1409 (MCDIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1302 (MCCCII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1305 (MCCCV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1329 (MCCCXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1330 (MCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1292 (MCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1150 (MCL) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1175 (MCLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1249 (MCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Fletcher, R. A. (1987). "Reconquest and Crusade in Spain c. 1050-1150". Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 5. 37: 31–47 [45]. JSTOR   3679149.