1204

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1204 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1204
MCCIV
Ab urbe condita 1957
Armenian calendar 653
ԹՎ ՈԾԳ
Assyrian calendar 5954
Balinese saka calendar 1125–1126
Bengali calendar 611
Berber calendar 2154
English Regnal year 5  Joh. 1   6  Joh. 1
Buddhist calendar 1748
Burmese calendar 566
Byzantine calendar 6712–6713
Chinese calendar 癸亥(Water  Pig)
3900 or 3840
     to 
甲子年 (Wood  Rat)
3901 or 3841
Coptic calendar 920–921
Discordian calendar 2370
Ethiopian calendar 1196–1197
Hebrew calendar 4964–4965
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1260–1261
 - Shaka Samvat 1125–1126
 - Kali Yuga 4304–4305
Holocene calendar 11204
Igbo calendar 204–205
Iranian calendar 582–583
Islamic calendar 600–601
Japanese calendar Kennin 4 / Genkyū 1
(元久元年)
Javanese calendar 1112–1113
Julian calendar 1204
MCCIV
Korean calendar 3537
Minguo calendar 708 before ROC
民前708年
Nanakshahi calendar −264
Thai solar calendar 1746–1747
Tibetan calendar 阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1330 or 949 or 177
     to 
阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1331 or 950 or 178

Year 1204 ( MCCIV ) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Events

Conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders ConquestOfConstantinopleByTheCrusadersIn1204.jpg
Conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

Alexios III Angelos Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Alexios III Angelos was Byzantine Emperor from March 1195 to July 17/18, 1203. A member of the extended imperial family, Alexios came to throne after deposing, blinding, and imprisoning his younger brother Isaac II Angelos. The most significant event of his reign was the attack of the Fourth Crusade on Constantinople in 1203, on behalf of Alexios IV Angelos. Alexios III took over the defense of the city, which he mismanaged, then fled the city at night with one of his three daughters. From Adrianople, and then Mosynopolis, he unsuccessfully attempted to rally his supporters, only to end up a captive of Marquis Boniface of Montferrat. He was ransomed, sent to Asia Minor where he plotted against his son-in-law Theodore Laskaris, but was eventually captured and spent his last days confined to the Monastery of Hyakinthos in Nicaea, where he died.

The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

Theodore I Laskaris Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans

Theodoros I Komnenos Laskaris was the first Emperor of Nicaea—a successor state of the Byzantine Empire—from 1205 to his death. Although he was born to an obscure Byzantine aristocratic family, his mother was related to the imperial Komnenos clan. He married a younger daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Alexios III Angelos in 1200. He received the title of despot before 1203, demonstrating his right to succeed his father-in-law on the throne.

Latin Empire Feudal Crusader state (1204–1261) founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Byzantine Empire

The Latin Empire, also referred to as the Latin Empire of Constantinople, was a feudal Crusader state founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Byzantine Empire. The Latin Empire was intended to replace the Byzantine Empire as the recognized Roman Empire in the east, with a Western Catholic emperor enthroned in place of the Eastern Orthodox Roman emperors.

Boniface I, Marquis of Montferrat King of Thessalonica

Boniface I, usually known as Boniface of Montferrat, was the ninth Marquis of Montferrat, the leader of the Fourth Crusade (1201–04) and king of Thessalonica.

Theodore Branas or Vranas, sometimes called Theodore Komnenos Branas, was a general under the Byzantine Empire and afterwards under the Latin Empire of Constantinople. Under the Latin regime he was given the title Caesar and in 1206 he became governor and lord of Adrianople. He is called Livernas by western chroniclers of the Fourth Crusade, including Geoffroi de Villehardouin.

Kingdom of Thessalonica 13th Century short-lived Crusader State founded after the Fourth Crusade, 1204-1224

The Kingdom of Thessalonica was a short-lived Crusader State founded after the Fourth Crusade over conquered Byzantine lands in Macedonia and Thessaly.

AlexiosBranas or Vranas was a Byzantine nobleman, attempted usurper, and the last Byzantine military leader of the 12th century to gain a notable success against a foreign enemy.

The Duchy of Philippopolis was a short-lived duchy of the Latin Empire founded after the collapse and partition of the Byzantine Empire by the Fourth Crusade in 1204. It included the city of Philippopolis and the surrounding region.

Marie of Brienne Latin Empress consort

Marie of Brienne was Latin Empress as the wife of Baldwin II of Courtenay. She served as regent during the absence of Baldwin II twice: in 1237–1239, and in 1243–1257.

Filocalo Navigajoso was a Venetian nobleman and first Latin ruler of the island of Lemnos in Greece.

Battle of the Rhyndacus (1211)

The Battle of the Rhyndacus was fought on 15 October 1211 between the forces of two of the main successor states of the Byzantine Empire, the Latin Empire and the Byzantine Greek Empire of Nicaea, established following the dissolution of the Byzantine state after the Fourth Crusade.

The Battle of Poimanenon or Poemanenum was fought in early 1224 between the forces of the two main successor states of the Byzantine Empire; the Latin Empire and the Byzantine Greek Empire of Nicaea. The opposing forces met at Poimanenon, south of Cyzicus in Mysia, near Lake Kuş.

Isaac Laskaris was a brother of Nicaean emperor Theodore I Laskaris, who along with his brother Alexios Laskaris fled to the Latin Empire and unsuccessfully tried to topple Theodore's successor, John III Doukas Vatatzes, in 1224.

Alexios Laskaris was a brother of Nicaean emperor Theodore I Laskaris, who along with his brother Isaac Laskaris fled to the Latin Empire and unsuccessfully tried to topple Theodore's successor, John III Doukas Vatatzes, in 1224.

Berthold II von Katzenelnbogen was a German nobleman of the family of the Counts of Katzenelnbogen and a participant in the Fourth Crusade (1202–04), who became lord of Velestino (c.1205–17) and regent of the Kingdom of Thessalonica (c.1217) in Frankish Greece. He was a patron of poets and in politics a Ghibelline.

Constantine Komnenos Maliasenos Doukas Bryennios was a Byzantine Greek nobleman and magnate active in Thessaly in the first half of the 13th century.

The First Parliament of Ravennika was convened in May 1209 by Latin Emperor Henry of Flanders in the town of Ravennika in Central Greece in an attempt to resolve the rebellion of the Lombard barons of the Kingdom of Thessalonica.

Eustace of Flanders or Eustace of Hainaut was a member of the House of Flanders, brother of the Latin Emperors Baldwin I and Henry, and regent of the Kingdom of Thessalonica in 1209–1216.

The Podestà of Constantinople was the official in charge of Venetian possessions in the Latin Empire and the Venetian quarter of Constantinople during the 13th century. Nominally a vassal to the Latin Emperor, the Podestà functioned as a ruler in his own right, and answered to the Doge of Venice. The podestà was also officially known as Governor of One-Fourth and One-Half of the Empire of Romania and was entitled to wearing the crimson buskins as the emperors.

References

  1. 1 2 Þórðarson, Sturla (2012). "The Saga of Hacon, Hacon's Son". Icelandic Sagas and Other Historical Documents Relating to the Settlements and Descents of the Northmen of the British Isles. Volume 4: The Saga of Hacon, and a Fragment of the Saga of Magnus, with Appendices. Translated by George Webbe Dasent. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 2. ISBN   9781108052498.
  2. 1 2 Saint-Guillain, Guillaume (2011). "Tales of San Marco: Venetian Historiography and Thirteenth-century Byzantine Prosopography". In Herrin, Judith; Saint-Guillain, Guillaume (eds.). Identities and Allegiances in the Eastern Mediterranean After 1204. Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 274. ISBN   9781409410980.
  3. Melton, J. Gordon (2014). Faiths Across Time: 5,000 Years of Religious History. Volume 2: 500 - 1399 CE. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 798. ISBN   9781610690263.
  4. Queller, Donald E.; Madden, Thomas F. (1997). The Fourth Crusade: The Conquest of Constantinople. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 195. ISBN   9780812217131.
  5. Tricht, Filip Van (2011). The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228). The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies and Cultures, 400 - 1500. Translated by Peter Longbottom. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 127. ISBN   9789004203921.
  6. Tricht, Filip Van (2011). The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium: The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228). Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 351. ISBN   9789004203235.
  7. Finlay, George (1877). A History of Greece: From Its Conquest by the Romans to the Present Time, B.C. 146 to A.D. 1864. Volume IV: Mediaeval Greece and the empire of Trebizond, A.D. 1204-1461. Clarendon Press. p. 121.
  8. Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1976). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571. Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society: 114. Volume I: The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society. p. 21. ISBN   9780871691149.
  9. Ciucu, Cristina (2018). "Being Truthful to 'Reality'. Grounds of non-violence in ascetic and mystical traditions.". In Chandra, Sudhir (ed.). Violence and Non-Violence across Time: History, Religion and Culture. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 275. ISBN   9780429880933.
  10. Loos, Milan (1974). Dualist Heresy in the Middle Ages. Prague: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 227. ISBN   9789024716739.
  11. Orfield, Lester B. (2002). The Growth of Scandinavian Law. Union, NJ: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. p. 137. ISBN   9781584771807.
  12. Kibler, William W.; Zinn, Grover A. (2016) [1995]. Routledge Revivals: Medieval France (1995): An Encyclopedia. New York and London: Taylor & Francis. p. 33. ISBN   9781351665667.
  13. Jordan, Alyce A. (2016). "The St Thomas Becket Windows at Angers and Coutances: Devotion, Subversion and the Scottish Connection". In Webster, Paul; Gelin, Marie-Pierre (eds.). The Cult of St Thomas Becket in the Plantagenet World, C.1170-c.1220. Boydell & Brewer. p. 178. ISBN   9781783271610.
  14. Berlis, Angela (2017). "The Power of Place: Port-Royal, a Wounded Place Transfigured". In Berlis, Angela; Korte, Anne-Marie; Biezeveld, Kune (eds.). Everyday Life and the Sacred: Re/configuring Gender Studies in Religion. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 174. ISBN   9789004353794.
  15. Heyberger, Joseph (1863). Bavaria: Landes- und Volkskunde des Königreichs Bayern : mit einer Uebersichtskarte des diesseitigen Bayerns in 15 Blättern. Oberpfalz und Regensburg, Schwaben und Neuburg ; Abth. 1, Oberpfalz und Regensburg. 2,1 (in German). Munich: Cotta. p. 467.
  16. Wihoda, Martin (2015). Vladislaus Henry: The Formation of Moravian Identity. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 91. ISBN   9789004303836.
  17. Church, Stephen (2015). King John: England, Magna Carta and the Making of a Tyrant. Basingstoke and Oxford: Pan Macmillan. ISBN   9780230772465.
  18. Farran, Sue; Örücü, Esin (2016). A Study of Mixed Legal Systems: Endangered, Entrenched or Blended. London and New York: Routledge. p. 90. ISBN   9781317186496.
  19. Thomas, Joseph (1870). Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott and Company. p. 1166.
  20. 1 2 Wise, Leonard F.; Hansen, Mark Hillary; Egan, E. W. (2005). Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 218. ISBN   9781402725920.
  21. Martin, Therese, ed. (2012). Reassessing the Roles of Women as 'Makers' of Medieval Art and Architecture (2 Vol. Set). Visualizing the Middle Ages. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 1078. ISBN   9789004185555.
  22. "Latin Emperors". Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  23. State, Paul F. (2015). Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 30. ISBN   9780810879218.
  24. Carr, John (2015). Fighting Emperors of Byzantium. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. p. 269. ISBN   9781473856400.
  25. Koestler-Grack, Rachel A. (2005). Eleanor of Aquitaine: Heroine of the Middle Ages. Philadelphia, PA: Infobase Publishing. p. 138. ISBN   9781438104164.
  26. Henshall, Kenneth (2013). Historical Dictionary of Japan to 1945. Lanham, Toronto, Plymouth: Scarecrow Press. p. 257. ISBN   9780810878723.
  27. Jaritz, Gerhard; Szende, Katalin (2016). Medieval East Central Europe in a Comparative Perspective: From Frontier Zones to Lands in Focus. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN   9781317212249.
  28. Bartlett, Robert (2013) [2000]. England under the Norman and Angevin Kings: 1075-1225. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780192547378.
  29. Clancy, Tim (2017) [2004]. Bosnia & Herzegovina 5. Chalfont St Peter and Guilford: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 260. ISBN   9781784770181.
  30. Seeskin, Kenneth (1991). Maimonides: A Guide for Today's Perplexed. Millburn, NJ: Behrman House, Inc. pp. xv. ISBN   9780874415094.
  31. Laale, Hans Willer (2011). Ephesus (Ephesos): An Abbreviated History from Androclus to Constantine XI. Bloomington, IN: WestBow Press. p. 394. ISBN   9781449716189.
  32. Eleyot, Lawrence (2016). Philosophy of One on the Many. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. ISBN   9781524635817.