1217

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1217 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1217
MCCXVII
Ab urbe condita 1970
Armenian calendar 666
ԹՎ ՈԿԶ
Assyrian calendar 5967
Balinese saka calendar 1138–1139
Bengali calendar 624
Berber calendar 2167
English Regnal year 1  Hen. 3   2  Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1761
Burmese calendar 579
Byzantine calendar 6725–6726
Chinese calendar 丙子(Fire  Rat)
3913 or 3853
     to 
丁丑年 (Fire  Ox)
3914 or 3854
Coptic calendar 933–934
Discordian calendar 2383
Ethiopian calendar 1209–1210
Hebrew calendar 4977–4978
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1273–1274
 - Shaka Samvat 1138–1139
 - Kali Yuga 4317–4318
Holocene calendar 11217
Igbo calendar 217–218
Iranian calendar 595–596
Islamic calendar 613–614
Japanese calendar Kenpō 5
(建保5年)
Javanese calendar 1125–1126
Julian calendar 1217
MCCXVII
Korean calendar 3550
Minguo calendar 695 before ROC
民前695年
Nanakshahi calendar −251
Thai solar calendar 1759–1760
Tibetan calendar 阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
1343 or 962 or 190
     to 
阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
1344 or 963 or 191
The Battle of Sandwich (13th century) EustaceTheMonk.jpg
The Battle of Sandwich (13th century)

Year 1217 ( MCCXVII ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Events

By place

Fifth Crusade

  • Summer Various groups of French knights reach the Italian ports. King Andrew II of Hungary arrives with his army in Split, in Dalmatia. He is joined by German forces, led by Duke Leopold VI (the Glorious). At the end of July, Pope Honorius III orders the crusaders assembled in Italy and Sicily to proceed to Cyprus, but there is no transport provided by the Italian city-states, Venice, Genoa and Pisa. Finally, in September, Leopold finds some ships in Split, that bring him and a small force to Acre. Andrew follows him about a fortnight later; in Split, he receives only two ships. The rest of Andrew's army is left behind. Meanwhile, King Hugh I of Cyprus lands at Acre, with troops to support the Crusade. [1]
  • November The Crusader army (some 15,000 men) under Andrew II sets out from Acre, and marches up the Plain of Esdraelon. Sultan Al-Adil I, on hearing that the crusaders are assembling, sends some Muslim troops to Palestine, to halt their advance. The crusaders move towards Beisan, while Al-Adil waits at Ajloun Castle, ready to intercept any attack on Damascus. He sends his son, Al-Mu'azzam, to cover Jerusalem. On November 10, Andrew's well-mounted army defeats Al-Adil at Bethsaida, on the Jordan River. Beisan is occupied and sacked; the Muslims retreat to their fortresses and towns. [2]
  • December King John I of Jerusalem leads an expedition into Lebanon. On December 3, he undertakes fruitless assaults on Muslim fortresses and on Mount Tabor. Meanwhile, the Crusader army under Andrew II wanders across the Jordan Valley and up the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee. During the occupation, Andrew spends his time collecting alleged relics. By the end of December, supplies run out, and the crusaders retreat to Acre. [3]

England

  • Spring First Barons' War: English forces of King Henry III besiege the French-controlled Mountsorrel Castle in Leicestershire. Prince Louis sends reinforcements (some 20,000 men) to assist the Barons in the castle. The English army lifts the siege and withdraws to Nottingham. Louis makes the mistake of moving the French forces to Lincoln Castle – where the English garrison holds out against previous attacks. Meanwhile, Henry's forces return to Mountsorrel Castle. This time Louis fails to arrive in time to prevent the razing to the ground of the castle. [4]
  • May 20 Battle of Lincoln: Henry III's forces led by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke defeat the French army of Prince Louis and the rebel barons who are besieging Lincoln Castle. During the battle, Thomas, Comte du Perche is killed and Louis is expelled from his base in the southeast of England. The looting that takes place afterward is known as the "Lincoln Fair". The citizens of Lincoln are loyal to Louis so Henry's forces sack the city. To the south, inhabitants of towns between Lincoln and London ambush and kill many of the French soldiers. [5]
  • August 24 Battle of Sandwich: An English fleet under Hubert de Burgh defeats the French armada (10 large ships and 70 supply ships) in the English Channel, near Sandwich. The French fleet is commanded by Eustace the Monk, a mercenary and pirate, who fights for both the French and English when it suits his needs. The French fleet is bringing more men and supplies to assist Prince Louis, in his quest to take the English throne. The English capture Eustace's flagship, and Eustace himself is (while offering 10,000 marks for ransom) beheaded. [6]
  • September 12 Treaty of Kingston: The First Baron's War ends. After the defeat of the French fleet, Prince Louis is without hope of taking the English throne. William Marshall blockades London from the sea and land. At Lambeth Louis accepts peace terms. He waives his claim for the throne and promises to restore Normandy to Henry III but does not. The French and Scots are to leave England, and an amnesty is granted to the rebels. [7]

Europe

Asia

By topic

Literature

  • Alexander Neckam, English scholar and theologian, writes De naturis rerum ("On the Nature of Things"), a scientific encyclopedia. [11]

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

The 1120s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1120, and ended on December 31, 1129.

1123 Calendar year

Year 1123 (MCXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

The 1190s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1190, and ended on December 31, 1199.

1220 Calendar year

Year 1220 (MCCXX) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1221 (MCCXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1189 Calendar year

Year 1189 (MCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. In English law, 1189 - specifically the beginning of the reign of Richard I - is considered the end of time immemorial.

1125 Calendar year

Year 1125 (MCXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1205 Calendar year

Year 1205 (MCCV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1200 Calendar year

1200 (MCC) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1200th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 200th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 12th century, and the 1st year of the 1200s decade. As of the start of 1200, the Gregorian calendar was 7 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was the dominant calendar of the time.

The 1210s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1210, and ended on December 31, 1219.

The 1220s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1220, and ended on December 31, 1229.

1216 Calendar year

Year 1216(MCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1218 Calendar year

Year 1218 (MCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1219 Year 1219 in the Gregorian calendar

Year 1219 (MCCXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1193 Calendar year

Year 1193 (MCXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1191 Calendar year

Year 1191 (MCXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1190 Calendar year

Year 1190 (MCXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1197 Calendar year

Year 1197 (MCXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1198 Calendar year

Year 1198 (MCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 124–125. ISBN   978-0-241-29877-0.
  2. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 125. ISBN   978-0-241-29877-0.
  3. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 125. ISBN   978-0-241-29877-0.
  4. Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). The Buildings of England: Leicestershire and Rutland, p. 195. Penguin Books.
  5. Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 77–79. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  6. Powicke, Frederick Maurice (1947). King Henry III and the Lord Edward, pp. 15–16. Oxford: Clarendon. OCLC   1044503.
  7. Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History, pp. 77–79. London: Century Ltd. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  8. Ostrogorsky, George (1995). History of the Byzantine State, p. 433. Translated by Hussey, Joan. Rutgers University Press.
  9. Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN   2-7068-1398-9.
  10. Linehan, Peter (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–671. ISBN   0-521-36289-X.
  11. Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 135. ISBN   0-304-35730-8.