Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1141 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1141
Ab urbe condita 1894
Armenian calendar 590
Assyrian calendar 5891
Balinese saka calendar 1062–1063
Bengali calendar 548
Berber calendar 2091
English Regnal year 6  Ste. 1   7  Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar 1685
Burmese calendar 503
Byzantine calendar 6649–6650
Chinese calendar 庚申(Metal  Monkey)
3837 or 3777
辛酉年 (Metal  Rooster)
3838 or 3778
Coptic calendar 857–858
Discordian calendar 2307
Ethiopian calendar 1133–1134
Hebrew calendar 4901–4902
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1197–1198
 - Shaka Samvat 1062–1063
 - Kali Yuga 4241–4242
Holocene calendar 11141
Igbo calendar 141–142
Iranian calendar 519–520
Islamic calendar 535–536
Japanese calendar Hōen 7 / Eiji 1
Javanese calendar 1047–1048
Julian calendar 1141
Korean calendar 3474
Minguo calendar 771 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −327
Seleucid era 1452/1453 AG
Thai solar calendar 1683–1684
Tibetan calendar 阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1267 or 886 or 114
(female Iron-Rooster)
1268 or 887 or 115

Year 1141 ( MCXLI ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.





Related Research Articles

The 1040s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1040, and ended on December 31, 1049.

Year 1163 (MCLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

The 1060s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1060, and ended on December 31, 1069.

Year 1130 (MCXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

The 1050s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1050, and ended on December 31, 1059.

The 1130s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1130, and ended on December 31, 1139.

Year 1139 (MCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

The 1140s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1140, and ended on December 31, 1149.

1050 Calendar year

Year 1050 (ML) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1060 Calendar year

Year 1060 (MLX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1047 Calendar year

Year 1047 (MXLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1159 (MCLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1260 Calendar year

Year 1260 (MCCLX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Empress Matilda, also known as the Empress Maude, was one of the claimants to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy. The daughter of King Henry I of England, she moved to Germany as a child when she married the future Holy Roman Emperor Henry V. She travelled with her husband into Italy in 1116, was controversially crowned in St Peter's Basilica, and acted as the imperial regent in Italy. Matilda and Henry V had no children, and when he died in 1125, the imperial crown was claimed by his rival Lothair of Supplinburg.

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou Duke of the Normans

Geoffrey V, called the Handsome, the Fair or Plantagenet, was the Count of Anjou, Touraine and Maine by inheritance from 1129, and also Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. His marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, produced a son, Henry Curtmantle. Henry succeeded to the English throne as King Henry II (1154–1189) and was the first of the Plantagenet dynasty to rule England for centuries. The name "Plantagenet" was taken from Geoffrey's epithet. Geoffrey's ancestral domain of Anjou gave rise to the name Angevin, and what became known as the Angevin Empire in the 12th century.

Judah Halevi

Judah Halevi was a Spanish Jewish physician, poet and philosopher. He was born in Spain, either in Toledo or Tudela, in 1075 or 1086, and died shortly after arriving in the Holy Land in 1141, at that point the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Nizami Ganjavi 12-century Persian Sunni Muslim poet

Nizami Ganjavi, Nizami Ganje'i, Nizami, or Nezāmi, whose formal name was Jamal ad-Dīn Abū Muḥammad Ilyās ibn-Yūsuf ibn-Zakkī, was a 12th-century Persian Sunni Muslim poet. Nezāmi is considered the greatest romantic epic poet in Persian literature, who brought a colloquial and realistic style to the Persian epic. His heritage is widely appreciated and shared by Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, the Kurdistan region and Tajikistan.

Alexander of Lincoln 12th century Bishop of Lincoln

Alexander of Lincoln was a medieval English Bishop of Lincoln, a member of an important administrative and ecclesiastical family. He was the nephew of Roger of Salisbury, a Bishop of Salisbury and Chancellor of England under King Henry I, and he was also related to Nigel, Bishop of Ely. Educated at Laon, Alexander served in his uncle's diocese as an archdeacon in the early 1120s. Unlike his relatives, he held no office in the government before his appointment as Bishop of Lincoln in 1123. Alexander became a frequent visitor to King Henry's court after his appointment to the episcopate, often witnessing royal documents, and he served as a royal justice in Lincolnshire.

Robert de Bethune 12th-century Bishop of Hereford

Robert de Bethune was a medieval Bishop of Hereford. From a knightly family, he became a teacher before becoming a canon by 1115. He was elected prior of Llanthony Priory in the middle 1120s, and was named bishop by King Henry I of England in 1130. As bishop, he was often appointed a judge by the papacy, and was known for the care he took of his diocese.

Events from the 1140s in England.


  1. Verbruggen, J. F. (1997) [1954]. The Art of Warfare in Western Europe During the Middle Ages: From the Eighth Century to 1340. Translated by Wilard, Sumner; Southern, R. W. (Second ed.). Woodbridge, UK: Boydell & Brewer. p. 129. ISBN   9780851155708.
  2. Bennett, Matthew (1998). The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient & Medieval Warfare. Chicago and London: Taylor & Francis. p. 192. ISBN   9781579581169.
  3. Yoshitake, Kenji (June 1, 1988). "The arrest of the bishops in 1139 and its consequences". Journal of Medieval History. 14 (2): 97–114. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(88)90022-X. ISSN   0304-4181.
  4. Bauer, S. Wise (2013). The History of the Renaissance World: From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Conquest of Constantinople. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 154. ISBN   9780393059762.
  5. Christie, Olav H. J.; Rácz, Anita; Elek, János; Héberger, Károly (2014). "Classification and unscrambling a class-inside-class situation by object target rotation: Hungarian silver coins of the Árpád Dynasty, ad 997–1301" (PDF). Journal of Chemometrics. 28 (4): 287–292. doi:10.1002/cem.2601. ISSN   1099-128X. S2CID   54977823.
  6. Ruud, Jay (2006). Encyclopedia of medieval Literature, Jay Ruud, 2006: Encyclopedia of medieval Literature. Facts on File Library of World Literature. New York: Facts on File. p. 355. ISBN   0-8160-5497-5.
  7. Brann, Ross (2006). Menocal, María Rosa; Scheindlin, Raymond P.; Sells, Michael (eds.). The Literature of Al-Andalus. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 273. ISBN   9780521030236. For example, in four poems written in 1141 as the anxious pilgrim awaited favorable gusts to take him by ship from Alexandria to the coast of northern Palestine
  8. Goitein, Shelomo Dov (1959). "The Biography of Rabbi Judah Ha-Levi in the Light of the Cairo Geniza Documents". Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research. 28: 41–56. doi:10.2307/3622446. ISSN   0065-6798. JSTOR   3622446.
  9. Biran, Michal (2005). The Empire of the Qara Khitai in Eurasian History: Between China and the Islamic World. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 110. ISBN   9780521842266.
  10. Sinor, D. (1999). "The Kitan and the Kara Khitay". In Asimov, Muchamed Sajfutdinovič; Bosworth, C. E. (eds.). History of Civilizations of Central Asia. Volume IV: The Age of Achievement A.D. 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century (Part One: The historical, social and economic setting). Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited. p. 238. ISBN   9788120815957.
  11. Hamilton, Alastair (January 1, 2016). "Prester John. The Legend and its Sources, written by Keagan Brewer (editor and translator)". Church History and Religious Culture. 96 (3): 379–380. doi:10.1163/18712428-09603008. ISSN   1871-2428.
  12. Patterson, Robert B. (2018). The Earl, the Kings, and the Chronicler: Robert Earl of Gloucester and the Reigns of Henry I and Stephen. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780192518675.
  13. Heath, Ian (2016). Armies of Feudal Europe 1066-1300 (Second ed.). Cambridge, UK: Wargames Research Group. p. 117. ISBN   9781326686215.
  14. Painter, Sidney (January 1932). "The Rout of Winchester". Speculum. 7 (1): 70–75. doi:10.2307/2848323. ISSN   0038-7134. JSTOR   2848323.
  15. Lancelott, Francis (1859). "Matilda of Bolougne, Queen of Stephen". The Queens of England and Their Times: From Matilda, Queen of William the Conqueror, to Adelaide, Queen of William the Fourth. Volume I. New York: D. Appleton and Company. pp. 53–54.
  16. Annals of England: A Senior Class Date-Book of English History. The Royal School Series. London, Edinburgh and New York: T. Nelson and Sons. 1875. p. 17.
  17. Crouch, David (January 1, 1988). "Earl William of Gloucester and the end of the Anarchy: new evidence relating to the honor of Eudo Dapifer". The English Historical Review. CIII (CCCCVI): 69–75. doi:10.1093/ehr/CIII.CCCCVI.69. ISSN   0013-8266.
  18. Gordon, Kim Hunter (2012). Breaking God's Flail: Chan Sculpture and the Death of a Great Khan in Song Dynasty Hechuan. Beijing: Kim Hunter Gordon. p. 15. ISBN   9787502256630.
  19. San, Tan Koon (2014). Dynastic China: An Elementary History. Petaling Jaya: The Other Press. p. 289. ISBN   9789839541885.
  20. Liu, Shi-Yee (January 2010). "Epitome of National Disgrace: A Painting Illuminating Song-Jin Diplomatic Relations". Metropolitan Museum Journal. 45: 55–82. doi:10.1086/met.45.41558052. ISSN   0077-8958. It was not until the autumn of 1141, after the Song army had scored a few significant victories, that the two states began negotiating a peace treaty, which was completed in October 1142. Although this Peace Treaty of the Shaoxing Era (Shaoxing heyi) ended the ravaging decade-long military conflict, the Song empire was degraded to a vassal state of the Jin in a hierarchical relationship defined as minister to ruler.
  21. Radspieler, T. (1955). The Ethnic German Refugee in Austria 1945 to 1954. The Hague, Netherlands: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 23. ISBN   9789401179102.
  22. Sigerus, Emil; Kiewe, Heinz Edgar (1977). Charted Peasant Designs from Saxon Transylvania. New York: Courier Corporation. p. 6. ISBN   9780486234250.
  23. Koranyi, James; Wittlinger, Ruth (March 11, 2011). "From Diaspora to Diaspora: The Case of Transylvanian Saxons in Romania and Germany" (PDF). Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. 17 (1): 96–115. doi:10.1080/13537113.2011.550248. ISSN   1353-7113. S2CID   22425866. Most academic literature on the topic suggests that the majority of early settlers colonized the area following a call by the Hungarian King Géza II (1141-1162) acting as “defenders” of Christianity and, later, of the Kingdom of Hungary.5
  24. Montanari, Stefano; Di Toma, Paolo; Lazzini, Arianna (2012). "Entrepreneurial strategies and corporate governance: experiences from the Italian wine industry". Corporate Board. 8: 44–60. Our analysis is focused on the wine industry in Italy and analyzes the case of Barone Ricasoli Spa an estate owned by the family Ricasoli since 1141.
  25. Brincat, Ivan (February 3, 2016). "Barone Ricasoli: A visit to the oldest winery in Italy and the one which created the Chianti Classico". Food and Wine Gazette. Retrieved July 9, 2019. The first stones of Brolio Castle date back to the middle ages. The castle passed into the hands of the Ricasoli family thanks to an exchange of lands in 1141.
  26. Potter, Philip J. (2009). Gothic Kings of Britain: The Lives of 31 Medieval Rulers, 1016-1399. Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland. p. 141. ISBN   9780786452484.
  27. Panton, James (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 314. ISBN   9780810874978.
  28. Chelkowski, Peter J.; Ganǧawī, Ilyās Ibn-Yūsuf Niẓāmī (1975). Mirror of the Invisible World: Tales from the Khamseh of Nizami . New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp.  iv, 2. ISBN   9780870991424. 1140 Nizami Ganjavi.
  29. Tillett, Barbara B.; Klerk, Tienie de; Walt, Hester van der; Cristán, Ana Lupe (2008). IFLA Cataloguing Principles: Steps towards an International Cataloguing Code, 5: Report from the 5th IFLA Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code, Pretoria, South Africa, 2007. Series on Bibliographical Control. Volume 35. Munich, Germany: Walter de Gruyter. p. 293. ISBN   9783598441028.
  30. Elmeligi, Wessam (2018). "Narrative Fluidity: Intermedial Interpretation of the Persian Legend, Khosrow and Shirin: Abbas Kiarostami's film Shirin, Fredowsi's miniatures, and Nizami Ganjavi's 12th Century Epic, Khamsa". Image & Narrative. 19 (2): 105. The first major creative narrative of the legend is a quintet by Nizami Ganji (1141-1209) entitled Khamsa or Panj Ganj (Five Treasures)
  31. Grant, Edward (2007). A History of Natural Philosophy: From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 109. ISBN   9781139461092.
  32. Deferrari, Roy J. (1951). Hugh of Saint Victor on the Sacraments of the Christian Faith (PDF). Cambridge, MA: The Medieval Academy of America. pp. ix.
  33. Rudolph, Conrad (2010). "Inventing the Gothic portal: Suger, Hugh of Saint Victor, and the construction of a new public art at Saint-Denis". Art History: Journal of the Association of Art Historians. 33 (4): 568–595. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8365.2010.00767.x. ISSN   0141-6790. Hugh of Saint Victor (d. 1141), an early scholastic often described as the greatest theologian of Europe during his lifetime, was the leading scholar of the highly respected abbey of Saint Victor, an Augustinian house of canons regular on the left bank in Paris,
  34. Fine, John Van Antwerp (2000) [1983]. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. p. 236. ISBN   9780472081493.
  35. Vardy, Steven Bela (February 1, 1991). "Z. J. Kosztolnyik. From Coloman the Learned to Béla III (1095–1196): Hungarian Domestic Policies and Their Impact upon Foreign Affairs. (East European Monographs, number 220) Boulder, Colo.: East European Monographs; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York. 1987. Pp. 356. $38.00". The American Historical Review. 96 (1): 205–206. doi:10.1086/ahr/96.1.205. ISSN   0002-8762.
  36. Rady, Martyn C.; Veszpremy, Laszlo; Bak, Janos M. (2010). Anonymus and Master Roger: The Deeds of the Hungarians. Epistle to the Sorrowful Lament upon the Destruction of the Kingdom of Hungary by the Tatars. Central European Medieval Texts. Budapest and New York: Central European University Press. pp. XXI. ISBN   9789639776951.
  37. Loud, Graham A.; Schenk, Jochen (2017). The Origins of the German Principalities, 1100-1350: Essays by German Historians. New York and London: Taylor & Francis. pp. xxxii. ISBN   9781317022008.
  38. Lyon, Jonathan (2012). "The Withdrawal of Aged Noblemen into Monastic Communities: Interpreting the Sources from Twelfth-Century Germany". In Classen, Albrecht (ed.). Old Age in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Interdisciplinary Approaches to a Neglected Topic. Fundamentals of Medieval and Early Modern Culture. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 147. ISBN   9783110925999.
  39. Štih, P. (2010). "XV. The Beginnings Of Ljubljana And The Bavarian Nobility". The Middle Ages between the Eastern Alps and the Northern Adriatic. Leiden, Boston: Brill. pp. 274–317. ISBN   9789004187702.
  40. Saul, Nigel (2009). English Church Monuments in the Middle Ages: History and Representation. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 32. ISBN   9780199606139.
  41. Weis, Frederick Lewis; Beall, William Ryland (2006) [1955]. The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215: The Barons Named in the Magna Charta, 1215, and Some of Their Descendants who Settled in America During the Early Colonial Years (Fifth ed.). Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 186. ISBN   9780806316093.
  42. Wilson, Peter H. (2016). Heart of Europe: A History of the Holy Roman Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 931. ISBN   9780674058095.
  43. Oexle, Otto (1993). "Lignage et parenté, politique et religion dans la noblesse du XIIe s. : l'evangéliaire de Henri le Lion". Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale. 36 (144): 339–354. doi:10.3406/ccmed.1993.2568. Richenza de Northeim (t 1141)
  44. Brandt, Hartwin (2011). Genus & generatio: Rollenerwartungen und Rollenerfüllungen im Spannungsfeld der Geschlechter und Generationen in Antike und Mittelalter. Bamberger Historische Studien (in German). 6. Bamberg and Nuremberg: University of Bamberg Press. p. 214. ISBN   9783863090432.
  45. Morby, John (2014). Dynasties of the World (Second ed.). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780192518484.
  46. Bradbury, Jim (2004). The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare. London and New York: Routledge. p. 166. ISBN   9781134598472.
  47. Lewis, Charlton Thomas (1878). A History of Germany, from the Earliest Times Founded on Dr. David Müllerʼs History of the German People by Charlton T. Lewis. New York: Harper. p. 185.
  48. Moayyad, Heshmat; Lewis, Franklin (2004). The Colossal Elephant and His Spiritual Feats: Shaykh Ahmad-e Jām : the Life and Legend of a Popular Sufi Saint of 12th Century Iran. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers. p. 14. ISBN   9781568591193.
  49. Manz, Beatrice Forbes (2007). Power, Politics and Religion in Timurid Iran. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 224. ISBN   9781139462846.
  50. Mahendrarajah, Shivan (January 1, 2016). "A Revised History of Mongol, Kart, and Timurid Patronage of the Shrine of Shaykh Al-Islam Ahmad-I Jam". Iran. 54 (2): 107–128. doi:10.1080/05786967.2016.11879216. ISSN   0578-6967. S2CID   192374570.
  51. Berdichevsky, Micah Joseph (1990). Mimekor Yisrael: Selected Classical Jewish Folktales. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. p. 178. ISBN   9780253205889.
  52. Bronner, Leila Leah (2011). Journey to Heaven: Exploring Jewish Views of the Afterlife. Jerusalem and New York: Urim Publications. p. 107. ISBN   9789655241006.
  53. Scheindlin, Raymond P. (2008). The Song of the Distant Dove: Judah Halevi's Pilgrimage. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 4. ISBN   9780195315424.
  54. Connell, Charles W. (2016). Popular Opinion in the Middle Ages: Channeling Public Ideas and Attitudes. Fundamentals of Medieval and Early Modern Culture. Volume 18. Berlin and Boston: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. p. 105. ISBN   9783110432398.
  55. Bumke, Joachim (1991) [1986]. Courtly Culture: Literature and Society in the High Middle Ages. Berkeley, CA, Los Angeles, CA and Oxford: University of California Press. pp.  69. ISBN   9780520066342. 1141 Alberich of Reims.
  56. Stegmüller, F. (1939). "Sententiae Berolinenses: Eine neugefundene Sentenzensammlung aus der Schule des Anselm von Laon". Recherches de Théologie Ancienne et Médiévale. 11: 33–61. ISSN   0034-1266. JSTOR   26184102.