1282

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1282 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1282
MCCLXXXII
Ab urbe condita 2035
Armenian calendar 731
ԹՎ ՉԼԱ
Assyrian calendar 6032
Balinese saka calendar 1203–1204
Bengali calendar 689
Berber calendar 2232
English Regnal year 10  Edw. 1   11  Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar 1826
Burmese calendar 644
Byzantine calendar 6790–6791
Chinese calendar 辛巳(Metal  Snake)
3978 or 3918
     to 
壬午年 (Water  Horse)
3979 or 3919
Coptic calendar 998–999
Discordian calendar 2448
Ethiopian calendar 1274–1275
Hebrew calendar 5042–5043
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1338–1339
 - Shaka Samvat 1203–1204
 - Kali Yuga 4382–4383
Holocene calendar 11282
Igbo calendar 282–283
Iranian calendar 660–661
Islamic calendar 680–681
Japanese calendar Kōan 5
(弘安5年)
Javanese calendar 1192–1193
Julian calendar 1282
MCCLXXXII
Korean calendar 3615
Minguo calendar 630 before ROC
民前630年
Nanakshahi calendar −186
Thai solar calendar 1824–1825
Tibetan calendar 阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
1408 or 1027 or 255
     to 
阳水马年
(male Water-Horse)
1409 or 1028 or 256

Year 1282 ( MCCLXXXII ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Europe

March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the second of seven months to have a length of 31 days. In the Northern Hemisphere, the meteorological beginning of spring occurs on the first day of March. The March equinox on the 20th or 21st marks the astronomical beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere, where September is the seasonal equivalent of the Northern Hemisphere's March.

Dafydd ap Gruffydd Prince of Wales and last independent ruler of Wales

Dafydd ap Gruffydd was Prince of Wales from 11 December 1282 until his execution on 3 October 1283 by King Edward I of England. He was the last independent ruler of Wales.

Prince of Wales title granted to princes born in Wales

Prince of Wales was a title granted to princes born in Wales from the 12th century onwards; the term replaced the use of the word king. One of the last Welsh princes, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, was killed in battle in 1282 by Edward I, King of England, whose son Edward was invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.

By topics

Education

Hertford College, Oxford college of the University of Oxford

Hertford College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. It is located on Catte Street in the centre of Oxford, directly opposite the main gate to the Bodleian Library. The College is known for its iconic bridge, the Bridge of Sighs. There are around 600 students at the College at any one time, comprising undergraduates, graduates and visiting students from overseas. As of 2015, the college had a financial endowment of £56m.

University of Oxford Collegiate research university in Oxford, England

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge. The two 'ancient universities' are frequently jointly referred to as 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Markets

  • The form for the Trial of the Pyx, during which it is confirmed that newly minted coins conform to required standards, is established.
  • The first evidence is discovered of the existence of consolidated public debt in Bruges, confirming the expansion of use of annuities, to fund government expenditure to the Low Countries. [3]
Trial of the Pyx

The Trial of the Pyx is the procedure in the United Kingdom for ensuring that newly minted coins conform to the required standards. These trials have been held from the twelfth century to the present day, normally once per calendar year.

A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used in currency.

Bruges Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Bruges is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.

Nature

Larderello Frazione in Tuscany, Italy

Larderello is a frazione of the comune of Pomarance, in Tuscany in central Italy.

Tuscany Region of Italy

Tuscany is a region in central Italy with an area of about 23,000 square kilometres and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013). The regional capital is Florence (Firenze).

Technology

Watermark faint image or device in paper that appears as various shades of lightness/darkness when viewed by transmitted light

A watermark is an identifying image or pattern in paper that appears as various shades of lightness/darkness when viewed by transmitted light, caused by thickness or density variations in the paper. Watermarks have been used on postage stamps, currency, and other government documents to discourage counterfeiting. There are two main ways of producing watermarks in paper; the dandy roll process, and the more complex cylinder mould process.

Bologna Comune in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Bologna is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy. It is the seventh most populous city in Italy, at the heart of a metropolitan area of about one million people.

Religion

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

Year 1277 (MCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1223 (MCCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

The 1240s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1240, and ended on December 31, 1249.

The 1260s is the decade starting January 1, 1260 and ending December 31, 1269.

The 1270s is the decade starting January 1, 1270, and ending December 31, 1279.

The 1280s is the decade starting January 1, 1280 and ending December 31, 1289.

1271 Year

Year 1271 (MCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1258 Year

Year 1258 (MCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1267 (MCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1287 Year

Year 1287 (MCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Peter III of Aragon King of Aragon, Sicily and Valencia, count of Barcelona

Peter III of Aragon, known as Peter the Great, was King of Aragon, King of Valencia, and Count of Barcelona from 1276 to his death,. At the invitation of some rebels, he conquered the Kingdom of Sicily and became King of Sicily in 1282, pressing the claim of his wife, Constance II of Sicily, uniting the kingdom to the crown. He was one of the greatest of medieval Aragonese monarchs.

Philip III of France Capetian King of France, 1270 to 1285

Philip III, called the Bold, was King of France from 1270 to 1285, the tenth from the House of Capet.

Edmund Crouchback 13th-century English prince and nobleman

Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, 1st Earl of Leicester, of Grosmont Castle in Monmouthshire, Wales, a member of the House of Plantagenet, was the second surviving son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. In his childhood he had a claim on the Kingdom of Sicily, but he never ruled there. He was granted all the lands of Simon de Montfort in 1265, and from 1267 he was titled Earl of Leicester. In that year he also began to rule Lancashire, but he did not take the title Earl of Lancaster until 1276. Between 1276 and 1284 he governed the counties of Champagne and Brie with his second wife, Blanche of Artois, in the name of her daughter Joan. His nickname, "Crouchback", refers to his participation in the Ninth Crusade.

This article presents a timeline of events in British history from 1000 AD until 1499 AD.

This article is about the particular significance of the century 1201–1300 to Wales and its people.

References

  1. Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 163. ISBN   978-2-7071-5231-2.
  2. Lourie, Elena (2004). Jews, Muslims, and Christians in and around the Crown of Aragon: essays in honour of Professor Elena Lourie. Brill. p. 295. ISBN   90-04-12951-0. Archived from the original on November 7, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  3. Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN   978-90-04-17565-5.
  4. Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades. Routledge. p. 120. ISBN   9781135131371.