1270

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1270 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1270
MCCLXX
Ab urbe condita 2023
Armenian calendar 719
ԹՎ ՉԺԹ
Assyrian calendar 6020
Balinese saka calendar 1191–1192
Bengali calendar 677
Berber calendar 2220
English Regnal year 54  Hen. 3   55  Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar 1814
Burmese calendar 632
Byzantine calendar 6778–6779
Chinese calendar 己巳(Earth  Snake)
3966 or 3906
     to 
庚午年 (Metal  Horse)
3967 or 3907
Coptic calendar 986–987
Discordian calendar 2436
Ethiopian calendar 1262–1263
Hebrew calendar 5030–5031
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1326–1327
 - Shaka Samvat 1191–1192
 - Kali Yuga 4370–4371
Holocene calendar 11270
Igbo calendar 270–271
Iranian calendar 648–649
Islamic calendar 668–669
Japanese calendar Bun'ei 7
(文永7年)
Javanese calendar 1180–1181
Julian calendar 1270
MCCLXX
Korean calendar 3603
Minguo calendar 642 before ROC
民前642年
Nanakshahi calendar −198
Thai solar calendar 1812–1813
Tibetan calendar 阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1396 or 1015 or 243
     to 
阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
1397 or 1016 or 244
The cathedral atop the Rock of Cashel in Ireland was completed in 1270. Rock of Cashel-castle interior.jpg
The cathedral atop the Rock of Cashel in Ireland was completed in 1270.

Year 1270 ( MCCLXX ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 1270th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 270th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 13th century, and the 1st year of the 1270s decade.

Contents

Events

Africa

The Eighth Crusade

Other events

Asia

Europe

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

Louis IX of France 13th-century King of France

Louis IX, commonly known as Saint Louis or Louis the Saint, is the only king of France to be canonized in the Catholic Church. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom as regent until he reached maturity. During Louis' childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and obtained a definitive victory in the Albigensian Crusade, which had started 20 years earlier.

1200s (decade)

The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

Year 1252 (MCCLII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

The 1250s decade ran from January 1, 1250, to December 31, 1259.

The 1220s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1220, and ended on December 31, 1229.

The 1230s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1230, and ended on December 31, 1239.

The 1240s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1240, and ended on December 31, 1249.

The 1260s is the decade starting January 1, 1260 and ending December 31, 1269.

The 1270s is the decade starting January 1, 1270, and ending December 31, 1279.

Year 1251 (MCCLI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1213 (MCCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1235 (MCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1260 Calendar year

Year 1260 (MCCLX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1265 Calendar year

Year 1265 (MCCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Philip III of France King of France, 1270 to 1285

Philip III, called the Bold, was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. Philip, who was accompanying him, returned to France and was anointed king at Reims in 1271.

Eighth Crusade Crusade against Ifriqiya in 1270

The Eighth Crusade was a crusade launched by Louis IX of France against the Hafsid dynasty in 1270. The Eighth Crusade is sometimes counted as the Seventh, if the Fifth and Sixth Crusades of Frederick II are counted as a single crusade. The Ninth Crusade is sometimes also counted as part of the Eighth. The crusade is considered a failure after Louis died shortly after arriving on the shores of Tunisia, with his disease-ridden army dispersing back to Europe shortly afterwards.

Seventh Crusade 13th-century crusade in Egypt

The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254. Louis' Christian army was defeated by the Ayyubid army led by Fakhr al-Din ibn Shaykh al-Shuyukh and their allies, the Bahriyya Mamluks, led by Faris ad-Din Aktai, Baibars al-Bunduqdari, Qutuz, Aybak and Qalawun. Shaykh al-Shuyukh was killed in the war, and Louis was captured. Approximately 800,000 bezants were paid in ransom for his return.

Philip of Montfort, Lord of Tyre

Philip Ι of Montfort, was Lord of La Ferté-Alais and Castres-en-Albigeois 1228–1270, Lord of Tyre 1246–1270, and Lord of Toron aft. 1240–1270. He was the son of Guy of Montfort and Helvis of Ibelin.

Franco-Mongol alliance Attempts at an alliance between the Mongols and the French during the 13th-century

Several attempts at a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Islamic caliphates, their common enemy, were made by various leaders among the Frankish Crusaders and the Mongol Empire in the 13th century. Such an alliance might have seemed an obvious choice: the Mongols were already sympathetic to Christianity, given the presence of many influential Nestorian Christians in the Mongol court. The Franks were open to the idea of support from the East, in part owing to the long-running legend of the mythical Prester John, an Eastern king in an Eastern kingdom who many believed would one day come to the assistance of the Crusaders in the Holy Land. The Franks and Mongols also shared a common enemy in the Muslims. However, despite many messages, gifts, and emissaries over the course of several decades, the often-proposed alliance never came to fruition.

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