|1270 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1270 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2023|
|Balinese saka calendar||1191–1192|
|English Regnal year||54 Hen. 3 – 55 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 己巳年 (Earth Snake)|
3966 or 3906
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3967 or 3907
|- Vikram Samvat||1326–1327|
|- Shaka Samvat||1191–1192|
|- Kali Yuga||4370–4371|
|Japanese calendar|| Bun'ei 7|
|Minguo calendar||642 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1812–1813|
1396 or 1015 or 243
— to —
1397 or 1016 or 244
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1270 .|
Year 1270 ( MCCLXX ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 1270th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 270th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 13th century, and the 1st year of the 1270s decade.
Louis IX, commonly known as Saint Louis or Louis the Saint, is the only king of France to be canonized in the Catholic Church. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom as regent until he reached maturity. During Louis' childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and obtained a definitive victory in the Albigensian Crusade, which had started 20 years earlier.
The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.
Year 1252 (MCCLII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
The 1250s decade ran from January 1, 1250, to December 31, 1259.
The 1220s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1220, and ended on December 31, 1229.
The 1230s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1230, and ended on December 31, 1239.
The 1240s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1240, and ended on December 31, 1249.
The 1260s is the decade starting January 1, 1260 and ending December 31, 1269.
The 1270s is the decade starting January 1, 1270, and ending December 31, 1279.
Year 1251 (MCCLI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1213 (MCCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1235 (MCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1260 (MCCLX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1265 (MCCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Philip III, called the Bold, was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. Philip, who was accompanying him, returned to France and was anointed king at Reims in 1271.
The Eighth Crusade was a crusade launched by Louis IX of France against the Hafsid dynasty in 1270. The Eighth Crusade is sometimes counted as the Seventh, if the Fifth and Sixth Crusades of Frederick II are counted as a single crusade. The Ninth Crusade is sometimes also counted as part of the Eighth. The crusade is considered a failure after Louis died shortly after arriving on the shores of Tunisia, with his disease-ridden army dispersing back to Europe shortly afterwards.
The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254. Louis' Christian army was defeated by the Ayyubid army led by Fakhr al-Din ibn Shaykh al-Shuyukh and their allies, the Bahriyya Mamluks, led by Faris ad-Din Aktai, Baibars al-Bunduqdari, Qutuz, Aybak and Qalawun. Shaykh al-Shuyukh was killed in the war, and Louis was captured. Approximately 800,000 bezants were paid in ransom for his return.
Philip Ι of Montfort, was Lord of La Ferté-Alais and Castres-en-Albigeois 1228–1270, Lord of Tyre 1246–1270, and Lord of Toron aft. 1240–1270. He was the son of Guy of Montfort and Helvis of Ibelin.
Several attempts at a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Islamic caliphates, their common enemy, were made by various leaders among the Frankish Crusaders and the Mongol Empire in the 13th century. Such an alliance might have seemed an obvious choice: the Mongols were already sympathetic to Christianity, given the presence of many influential Nestorian Christians in the Mongol court. The Franks were open to the idea of support from the East, in part owing to the long-running legend of the mythical Prester John, an Eastern king in an Eastern kingdom who many believed would one day come to the assistance of the Crusaders in the Holy Land. The Franks and Mongols also shared a common enemy in the Muslims. However, despite many messages, gifts, and emissaries over the course of several decades, the often-proposed alliance never came to fruition.
1270 Louis IX.