1053

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1053 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1053
MLIII
Ab urbe condita 1806
Armenian calendar 502
ԹՎ ՇԲ
Assyrian calendar 5803
Balinese saka calendar 974–975
Bengali calendar 460
Berber calendar 2003
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 1597
Burmese calendar 415
Byzantine calendar 6561–6562
Chinese calendar 壬辰(Water  Dragon)
3749 or 3689
     to 
癸巳年 (Water  Snake)
3750 or 3690
Coptic calendar 769–770
Discordian calendar 2219
Ethiopian calendar 1045–1046
Hebrew calendar 4813–4814
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1109–1110
 - Shaka Samvat 974–975
 - Kali Yuga 4153–4154
Holocene calendar 11053
Igbo calendar 53–54
Iranian calendar 431–432
Islamic calendar 444–445
Japanese calendar Eishō 8 / Tengi 1
(天喜元年)
Javanese calendar 956–957
Julian calendar 1053
MLIII
Korean calendar 3386
Minguo calendar 859 before ROC
民前859年
Nanakshahi calendar −415
Seleucid era 1364/1365 AG
Thai solar calendar 1595–1596
Tibetan calendar 阳水龙年
(male Water-Dragon)
1179 or 798 or 26
     to 
阴水蛇年
(female Water-Snake)
1180 or 799 or 27
Map of Battle of Civitate (Southern Italy). Papal forces (left) with blue banners. Battaglia di Civitate - 18 06 1053.svg
Map of Battle of Civitate (Southern Italy). Papal forces (left) with blue banners.

Year 1053 ( MLIII ) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The most recent year of such kind was 2010 and the next one will be 2021 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2011 and 2022 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 2100, will also be a common year starting on Friday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in August. Leap years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another one in February.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

  • End of the Pecheneg Revolt: Emperor Constantine IX (Monomachos) makes peace with the Pechenegs. However, Pecheneg raids do not cease – they not only damage the economy by plundering – but Constantine also is forced to buy protection or peace from them by gifts, land grants, privileges and titles. [1]
Constantine IX Monomachos Byzantine emperor

Constantine IX Monomachos, Latinized as Constantine IX Monomachus, reigned as Byzantine emperor from 11 June 1042 to 11 January 1055. He had been chosen by the Empress Zoë as a husband and co-emperor in 1042, although he had been exiled for conspiring against her previous husband, Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian. They ruled together until Zoë died in 1050.

Pechenegs historical ethnical group

The Pechenegs or Patzinaks were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia speaking the Pecheneg language which belonged to the Oghuz branch of Turkic language family.

Europe

June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 196 days remaining until the end of the year.

Battle of Civitate middle ages battle

The Battle of Civitate was fought on 18 June 1053 in southern Italy, between the Normans, led by the Count of Apulia Humphrey of Hauteville, and a Swabian-Italian-Lombard army, organised by Pope Leo IX and led on the battlefield by Gerard, Duke of Lorraine, and Rudolf, Prince of Benevento. The Norman victory over the allied papal army marked the climax of a conflict between the Norman mercenaries who came to southern Italy in the eleventh century, the de Hauteville family, and the local Lombard princes. By 1059 the Normans would create an alliance with the papacy, which included a formal recognition by Pope Nicholas II of the Norman conquest in south Italy, investing Robert Guiscard as Duke of Apulia and Calabria, and Count of Sicily.

Humphrey of Hauteville, surnamed Abagelard, was the Count of Apulia and Calabria from 1051 to his death.

England

Harold Godwinson 11th-century Anglo-Saxon King of England

Harold Godwinson, often called Harold II, was the last crowned Anglo-Saxon king of England. Harold reigned from 6 January 1066 until his death at the Battle of Hastings, fighting the Norman invaders led by William the Conqueror during the Norman conquest of England. His death marked the end of Anglo-Saxon rule over England.

Godwin of Wessex was one of the most powerful earls in England under the Danish king Cnut the Great and his successors. Cnut made him the first Earl of Wessex. Godwin was the father of King Harold Godwinson and Edith of Wessex, wife of King Edward the Confessor.

Wessex Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain

Wessex was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in the early 10th century.

By topic

Religion

Jōchō, also known as Jōchō Busshi, was a Japanese sculptor of the Heian period. He popularized the yosegi technique of sculpting a single figure out of many pieces of wood, and he redefined the canon used to create Buddhist imagery. His style spread across Japan and defined Japanese sculpture for the next 150 years. Today, art historians cite Jōchō as "the first of a new kind of master sculptor" and "one of the most innovative artists Japan has ever produced."

Amitābha celestial Buddha

Amitābha, also known as Amida or Amitāyus, is a celestial buddha according to the scriptures of Mahayana Buddhism. Amitābha is the principal buddha in Pure Land Buddhism, a branch of East Asian Buddhism. In Vajrayana Buddhism, Amitābha is known for his longevity attribute, magnetising red fire element, the aggregate of discernment, pure perception and the deep awareness of emptiness of phenomena. According to these scriptures, Amitābha possesses infinite merit resulting from good deeds over countless past lives as a bodhisattva named Dharmakāra. Amitābha means "Infinite Light", and Amitāyus means "Infinite Life" so Amitābha is also called "The Buddha of Immeasurable Light and Life".

Byōdō-in Buddhist temple in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan

Byōdō-in (平等院) is a Buddhist temple in the city of Uji in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, built in late Heian period. It is jointly a temple of the Jōdo-shū and Tendai-shū sects.

Births

July 7 is the 188th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 177 days remaining until the end of the year.

Emperor Shirakawa Emperor of Japan

Emperor Shirakawa was the 72nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 1040s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1040, and ended on December 31, 1049.

The 1050s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1050, and ended on December 31, 1059.

1015 Year

Year in topic Year 1015 (MXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1018 Year

Year 1018 (MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1055 Year

Year 1055 (MLV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1042 Year

Year 1042 (MXLII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1043 Year

Year 1043 (MXLIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1047 Year

Year 1047 (MXLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1049 Year

Year 1049 (MXLIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1051 Year

Year 1051 (MLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1052 Year

Year 1052 (MLII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1059 Year

Year 1059 (MLIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1131 (MCXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 210. ISBN   978-0-472-08149-3.
  2. "Vladimir II Monomakh - grand prince of Kiev". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 June 2018.