Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1124 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1124
Ab urbe condita 1877
Armenian calendar 573
Assyrian calendar 5874
Balinese saka calendar 1045–1046
Bengali calendar 531
Berber calendar 2074
English Regnal year 24  Hen. 1   25  Hen. 1
Buddhist calendar 1668
Burmese calendar 486
Byzantine calendar 6632–6633
Chinese calendar 癸卯(Water  Rabbit)
3820 or 3760
甲辰年 (Wood  Dragon)
3821 or 3761
Coptic calendar 840–841
Discordian calendar 2290
Ethiopian calendar 1116–1117
Hebrew calendar 4884–4885
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1180–1181
 - Shaka Samvat 1045–1046
 - Kali Yuga 4224–4225
Holocene calendar 11124
Igbo calendar 124–125
Iranian calendar 502–503
Islamic calendar 517–518
Japanese calendar Hōan 5 / Tenji 1
Javanese calendar 1029–1030
Julian calendar 1124
Korean calendar 3457
Minguo calendar 788 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −344
Seleucid era 1435/1436 AG
Thai solar calendar 1666–1667
Tibetan calendar 阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
1250 or 869 or 97
(male Wood-Dragon)
1251 or 870 or 98

Year 1124 ( MCXXIV ) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A leap year starting on Tuesday is any year with 366 days that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are FE, such as the years 1884, 1924, 1952, 1980, 2008, 2036, 2064, 2092, and 2104 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 1964, 1992, and 2020 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Tuesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this leap year occurs in June. Common years starting on Wednesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC/BCE), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC/BCE), by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.



By place


March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 280 days remain until the end of the year.

Henry I of England 12th-century King of England and Duke of Normandy

Henry I, also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death in 1135. He was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and was educated in Latin and the liberal arts. On William's death in 1087, Henry's elder brothers Robert Curthose and William Rufus inherited Normandy and England, respectively, but Henry was left landless. He purchased the County of Cotentin in western Normandy from Robert, but his brothers deposed him in 1091. He gradually rebuilt his power base in the Cotentin and allied himself with William against Robert.

April 27 is the 117th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 248 days remain until the end of the year.

North America

Greenland autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark

Greenland is the world's largest island, located between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. It is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe for more than a millennium. The majority of its residents are Inuit, whose ancestors migrated from Alaska through Northern Canada, gradually settling across the island by the 13th century. Nowadays the population is largely concentrated on the southwest coast of the island while the rest of the island is sparsely populated. Greenland is divided into five municipalities — Sermersooq, Kujalleq, Qeqertalik, Qeqqata, and Avannaata. It has two unincorporated areas — the Northeast Greenland National Park and the Thule Air Base. The last one, even if under Danish control, is administered by the United States Air Force.

Middle East


Ottokar III of Styria Marggrave of Styria

Ottokar III was Margrave of Styria from 1129 until 1164. He was the son of Leopold the Strong and Sophia of Bavaria, and father of Ottokar IV, the last of the dynasty of the Otakars. His wife was Kunigunde of Chamb-Vohburg.

Year 1164 (MCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Eleanor of Aquitaine 12th-century Duchess of Aquitaine and queen-consort of France and England

Eleanor of Aquitaine was queen consort of France (1137–1152) and England (1154–1189) and duchess of Aquitaine in her own right (1137–1204). As a member of the Ramnulfids rulers in southwestern France, she was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe during the High Middle Ages. She was patron of literary figures such as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-Maure, and Bernart de Ventadorn. She led armies several times in her life and was a leader of the Second Crusade.


Alexander I of Scotland Alexander I (Alba) i.JPG
Alexander I of Scotland
Pope Callixtus II Callistus II.png
Pope Callixtus II

February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 332 days remain until the end of the year.

Bořivoj II, Duke of Bohemia Duke of Bohemia

Bořivoj II was the Duke of Bohemia from 25 December 1100 until May 1107 and from December 1117 until 16 August 1120. He was the younger half-brother and successor of Bretislaus II. His father was Vratislav II of Bohemia, his mother Świętosława of Poland.

March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 291 days remain until the end of the year.

Related Research Articles

The 1040s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1040, and ended on December 31, 1049.

Year 1204 (MCCIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1150s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1150, and ended on December 31, 1159.

The 1200s began on January 1, 1200, and ended on December 31, 1209.

The 1170s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1170, and ended on December 31, 1179.

Year 1252 (MCCLII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1130 (MCXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

The 1120s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1120, and ended on December 31, 1129.

The 1130s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1130, and ended on December 31, 1139.

Year 1139 (MCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1060 Year

Year 1060 (MLX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1192 (MCXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1047 Year

Year 1047 (MXLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1159 (MCLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1241 (MCCXLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Ralph dEscures 12th-century Norman Archbishop of Canterbury

Ralph d'Escures was a medieval Abbot of Séez, Bishop of Rochester and then Archbishop of Canterbury. He studied at the school at the Abbey of Bec. In 1079 he entered the abbey of St Martin at Séez, and became abbot there in 1091. He was a friend of both Anselm of Canterbury and Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester, whose see, or bishopric, he took over on Gundulf's death.

Geoffrey was an illegitimate son of Henry II, King of England, who became bishop-elect of Lincoln and archbishop of York. The identity of his mother is uncertain, but she may have been named Ykenai. Geoffrey held several minor clerical offices before becoming Bishop of Lincoln in 1173, though he was not ordained as a priest until 1189. In 1173–1174, he led a campaign in northern England to help put down a rebellion by his legitimate half-brothers; this campaign led to the capture of William, King of Scots. By 1182, Pope Lucius III had ordered that Geoffrey either resign Lincoln or be consecrated as bishop; he chose to resign and became Chancellor instead. He was the only one of Henry II's sons present at the king's death.

Hugh de Puiset was a medieval Bishop of Durham and Chief Justiciar of England under King Richard I. He was the nephew of King Stephen of England and Henry of Blois, who both assisted Hugh's ecclesiastical career. He held the office of treasurer of York for a number of years, which led him into conflict with Henry Murdac, Archbishop of York. In 1153, Hugh was elected bishop of Durham despite the opposition of Murdac.

Hilary of Chichester 12th century Bishop of Chichester

Hilary (c. 1110–1169) was a medieval Bishop of Chichester in England. English by birth, he studied canon law and worked in Rome as a papal clerk. During his time there, he became acquainted with a number of ecclesiastics, including the future Pope Adrian IV, and the writer John of Salisbury. In England, he served as a clerk for Henry of Blois, who was the Bishop of Winchester and brother of King Stephen of England. After Hilary's unsuccessful nomination to become Archbishop of York, Pope Eugene III compensated him by promoting him to the bishopric of Chichester in 1147.

Events from the 1200s in England.


  1. Connolly, Peter; Gillingham, John; Lazenby, John (2016). The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval Warfare. London and New York: Routledge. p. 44. ISBN   9781135936747.
  2. Freeman, Edward Augustus (1876). The History of the Norman Conquest of England: The effects of the Norman conquest. 1876. Volume V: The Effects of the Norman Conquest. Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press. p. 131.
  3. Bliese, John R. E. (December 11, 2009). "The Courage of the Normans. A Comparative Study of Battle Rhetoric". Nottingham Medieval Studies. 35: 1–26. doi:10.1484/J.NMS.3.189.
  4. Keltie, Sir John Scott (1875). "Chapter V: A.D. 1107 - A.D. 1411". A History of the Scottish Highlands, Highland Clans and Highland Regiments: With an Account of the Gaelic Language, Literature, and Music. Volume I. Edinburgh and London: A. Fullarton. p. 59.
  5. David I. (King of Scotland) (1999). Barrow, G. W. S. (ed.). The Charters of King David I: The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry Earl of Northumberland, 1139-52. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. p. 1. ISBN   9780851157313.
  6. Green, Judith A. (April 1, 1996). "David I and Henry I". The Scottish Historical Review. 75 (1): 1–19. doi:10.3366/shr.1996.75.1.1. ISSN   0036-9241.
  7. Silvestri, Angelo (2014). Power, Politics and Episcopal Authority: The Bishops of Cremona and Lincoln in the Middle Ages (1066-1340). Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 17–18. ISBN   9781443871723.
  8. Thomas, P. C. (2001). "Chapter 10: The Tenth General Council of the Church. The Second Council of the Lateran 1139 A.D.". General Councils of the Church: A Compact History. Bangalore, India: St Paul Press. p. 71. ISBN   9788171091812.
  9. Melton, J. Gordon (2014). Faiths Across Time: 5,000 Years of Religious History. Volume 2: 500 - 1399 CE. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver CO, and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 738. ISBN   9781610690263.
  10. Campbell, Alexander (1802). A Journey from Edinburgh Through Parts of North Britain: Containing Remarks on Scotish Landscape; and Observations on Rural Economy, Natural History, Manufactures, Trade, and Commerce ... Volume II. London: Longman and Rees. p. 354.
  11. Gordon, James Frederick S. (1868). Monasticon: an Account, Based on Spottiswoode's, of All the Abbeys, Priories Collegiate Churches, and Hospitals in Scotland, at the Reformation. Glasgow: John Tweed. p. 399.
  12. Keith, Robert (1824). An Historical Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops, Down to the Year 1688; Also an Account of All the Religious Houses That Were in Scotland at the Time of the Reformation. Edinburgh, Aberdeen and London: Bell & Bradfute, A. Brown, and C. & J. Rivington. p. 403.
  13. Galway City Council (2013). Environmental Impact Statement for the Ballinasloe Wastewater Treatment Plant Upgrade (PDF). Volume III: Technical Appendices. Galway, Ireland: Galway City Council. p. 49.
  14. Hardiman, James (1820). The History of the Town and County of the Town of Galway, From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, Embellished With Several Engravings to Which is Added a Copious Appendix Containing the Principal Charters and Other Original Documents. Dublin: W. Folds. p. 39.
  15. O'Hanlon, John (1859). The Life of Saint Malachy O'morgair, Bishop of Down and Connor, Archbishop of Armagh, Patron of These Several Dioceses and Delegate Apostolic of the Holy See for the Kingdom of Ireland. Dublin: J. O'Daly. p. 52.
  16. Curta, Florin; Holt, Andrew (2016). Great Events in Religion: An Encyclopedia of Pivotal Events in Religious History. Volume II: AD 600 to 1450. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 547. ISBN   9781610695664.
  17. Duffy, Sean (2017) [2005]. Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia. Routledge Revivals. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 313. ISBN   9781351666176.
  18. Diamond, Jared (2011) [2005]. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed: Revised Edition. New York and London: Penguin. p. 236. ISBN   9781101502006.
  19. Seaver, Kirsten A. (2004). Maps, Myths, and Men: The Story of the Vinland Map. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 292. ISBN   9780804749633.
  20. Neale, John Mason (1860). The Northern Light: a Tale of Iceland and Greenland in the Eleventh Century. London: John Henry and James Parker. p. 119.
  21. Cruse, Mark (2011). Illuminating the Roman D'Alexandre: Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 264 : the Manuscript as Monument. Woodbridge, UK and Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 163. ISBN   9781843842804.
  22. M'Burney, Isaiah, ed. (1857). Chronological Tables: Comprehending the Chronology and History of the World, from the Earliest Records to the Close of the Russian War. London and Glasgow: Richard Griffin and Company. p. 205.
  23. Procter, George (1876). Fighting Their Way; Or, The History of the Crusades: Their Rise, Progress, and Results. New York: World Publishing House. p. 189.
  24. Buchberger, Michael; Kasper, Walter; Baumgartner, Konrad (2001). Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche (in German). Freiburg, Basel, Rom, Wien: Herder. p. 471. ISBN   9783451220111.
  25. Swabey, Ffiona (2004). "Chapter I: Narrative Historical Overview". Eleanor of Aquitaine, Courtly Love, and the Troubadours . Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Medieval World. Wesport, CT and London: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1. ISBN   9780313325236.
  26. Lewis, Andrew B. (2006) [2002]. "The Birth and Childhood of King John: Some Revisions". In Wheeler, Bonnie; Parsons, John Carmi (eds.). Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady. The New Middle Ages. New York and Basingstoke, UK: Springer. p. 165. ISBN   9781137052629.
  27. Beech, George T. (1992). "The Eleanor of Aquitaine Vase: Its Origins and History to the Early Twelfth Century". Ars Orientalis. 22: 69–79. ISSN   0571-1371. JSTOR   4629425.
  28. Wolverton, Lisa (2001). Hastening Toward Prague: Power and Society in the Medieval Czech Lands. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 95. ISBN   9780812204223.
  29. Antonín, Robert (2017). The Ideal Ruler in Medieval Bohemia. Leiden and Boston: BRILL. p. 393. ISBN   9789004341128.
  30. Štih, Peter (2010). The Middle Ages between the Eastern Alps and the Northern Adriatic: Select Papers on Slovene Historiography and Medieval History. Leiden and Boston: BRILL. p. 284. ISBN   9789004187702.
  31. King, Richard John (1876). Handbook to the Cathedrals of England: Southern Division. Volume II: Pt. 2. Chichester. Canterbury. Rochester. St. Albans. London: John Murray. p. 608.
  32. Little, Lester K. (2018). Benedictine Maledictions: Liturgical Cursing in Romanesque France. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press. p. 8. ISBN   9781501727702.
  33. Truax, Jean (2012). Archbishops Ralph D'Escures, William of Corbeil, and Theobald of Bec: Heirs of Anselm and Ancestors of Becket. The Archbishops of Canterbury Series. Farnham, England and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 68. ISBN   9780754668336.
  34. Lang, Andrew (2016). The History Of Scotland. Volume 1: From The Romans to Mary of Guise. Altenmünster, Germany and North Charleston, SC: Jazzybee Verlag. p. 75. ISBN   9783849685621.
  35. Taylor, Alice (2016). The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 5. ISBN   9780198749202.
  36. Brown, P. Hume (2012). History of Scotland: Volume 1, To the Accession of Mary Stewart: To the Present Time. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 72. ISBN   9781107600331.
  37. Herwaarden, J. Van (2003). "Chapter 10: The Integrity of the Text of Liber Sancti Jacobi in the Codex Calixtinus". Between Saint James and Erasmus: Studies in Late-Medieval Religious Life : Devotions and Pilgrimages in the Netherlands. Leiden and Boston: BRILL. p. 355. ISBN   9789004129849.
  38. Blumenthal, Uta-Renate (2004). "Calixtus II, Pope". In Kleinhenz, Christopher (ed.). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 171–172. ISBN   9781135948801.
  39. Melton, J. Gordon (2007). The Encyclopedia of Religious Phenomena. Detroit, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 293. ISBN   9781578592593.
  40. Old, Hughes Oliphant (1998). The Reading and Preaching of the Scriptures in the Worship of the Christian Church. Volume 3: The Medieval Church. Grand Rapids, MI and Cambridge, England: William B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 249. ISBN   9780802846198.
  41. Grant, Lindy; Bates, David (2013) [1998]. Abbot Suger of St-Denis: Church and State in Early Twelfth-Century France. The Medieval World. London and New York: Routledge. p. 15. ISBN   9781317899693.
  42. Pelikan, Jaroslav (1979). "A First-Generation Anselmian, Guibert of Nogent". In Williams, George Huntston; Church, Frank Forrester; George, Timothy Francis (eds.). Continuity and Discontinuity in Church History: Essays Presented to George Huntston Williams on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Leiden, Netherlands: BRILL. p. 71. ISBN   9789004058798.