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|990 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1743|
|Balinese saka calendar||911–912|
|Chinese calendar|| 己丑年 (Earth Ox)|
3686 or 3626
— to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
3687 or 3627
|- Vikram Samvat||1046–1047|
|- Shaka Samvat||911–912|
|- Kali Yuga||4090–4091|
|Japanese calendar|| Eiso 3 / Shōryaku 1|
|Minguo calendar||922 before ROC |
|Seleucid era||1301/1302 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1532–1533|
1116 or 735 or −37
— to —
1117 or 736 or −36
Year 990 ( CMXC ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2015 and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 199 days remaining until the end of the year.
Theophanu, was an Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire by marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Otto II, and regent of the Holy Roman Empire during the minority of her son from 983 until her death in 990. She was the niece of the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes.
Nijmegen is a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland, on the Waal river close to the German border.
The Ghana Empire, properly known as Wagadou, was a West African empire located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. Complex societies based on trans-Saharan trade with salt and gold had existed in the region since ancient times, but the introduction of the camel to the western Sahara in the 3rd century CE opened the way to great changes in the area that became the Ghana Empire. By the time of the Muslim conquest of North Africa in the 7th century the camel had changed the ancient, more irregular trade routes into a trade network running from Morocco to the Niger river. The Ghana Empire grew rich from this increased trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, allowing for larger urban centres to develop. The traffic furthermore encouraged territorial expansion to gain control over the different trade routes.
Berbers, or Amazighs are an ethnic group of several nations indigenous to North Africa.
Aoudaghost is a former Berber town in Hodh El Gharbi, Mauritania. It was an important oasis town at the southern end of a trans-Saharan caravan route that is mentioned in a number of early Arabic manuscripts. The archaeological ruins at Tegdaoust in southern Mauritania are thought to be the remains of the medieval town.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2016. As the world's "oldest continuously functioning international institution", it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope. Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, an enclave within the city of Rome in Italy.
The Kingdom of France was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. It was one of the most powerful states in Europe and a great power since the Late Middle Ages and the Hundred Years' War. It was also an early colonial power, with possessions around the world.
Charroux Abbey, is a ruined monastery in Charroux, in the Vienne department of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, western France.
November 11 is the 315th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 50 days remaining until the end of the year.
Gisela of Swabia, a member of the Conradiner dynasty, was Queen consort of Germany from 1024 to 1039 and Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 to 1039 by her third marriage with Emperor Conrad II. She was the mother of Emperor Henry III. She was regent of Swabia for her minor son Duke Ernest II of Swabia in 1015.
Year 1043 (MXLIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 291 days remaining until the end of the year.
Siegfried I the Older, Count of Walbeck and Möckerngau, son of Lothar II the Old, Count of Walbeck, and Mathilde von Arneburg. He succeeded his father as Count of Walbeck upon his death.
Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary. The privileges associated with nobility may constitute substantial advantages over or relative to non-nobles, or may be largely honorary, and vary by country and era. The Medieval chivalric motto "noblesse oblige", meaning literally "nobility obligates", explains that privileges carry a lifelong obligation of duty to uphold various social responsibilities of, e.g., honorable behavior, customary service, or leadership roles or positions, that lives on by a familial or kinship bond.
Year 1040 (MXL) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1000 (M) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. In the proleptic Gregorian calendar, it was a non-leap century year starting on Wednesday. It was also the last year of the 10th century as well as the last year of the 1st millennium of the Dionysian era ending on December 31st, but the first year of the 1000s decade.
Year 840 (DCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 955 (CMLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1001 (MI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. It is the first year of the 11th century and the 2nd millennium.
Year 1050 (ML) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1060 (MLX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1070 (MLXX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 875 (DCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 980 (CMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1034 (MXXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1027 (MXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1033 (MXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1035 (MXXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1038 (MXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 985 (CMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 975 (CMLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 915 (CMXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 940 (CMXL) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.