990

Last updated

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
990 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 990
CMXC
Ab urbe condita 1743
Armenian calendar 439
ԹՎ ՆԼԹ
Assyrian calendar 5740
Balinese saka calendar 911–912
Bengali calendar 397
Berber calendar 1940
Buddhist calendar 1534
Burmese calendar 352
Byzantine calendar 6498–6499
Chinese calendar 己丑(Earth  Ox)
3686 or 3626
     to 
庚寅年 (Metal  Tiger)
3687 or 3627
Coptic calendar 706–707
Discordian calendar 2156
Ethiopian calendar 982–983
Hebrew calendar 4750–4751
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1046–1047
 - Shaka Samvat 911–912
 - Kali Yuga 4090–4091
Holocene calendar 10990
Iranian calendar 368–369
Islamic calendar 379–380
Japanese calendar Eiso 3 / Shōryaku 1
(正暦元年)
Javanese calendar 891–892
Julian calendar 990
CMXC
Korean calendar 3323
Minguo calendar 922 before ROC
民前922年
Nanakshahi calendar −478
Seleucid era 1301/1302 AG
Thai solar calendar 1532–1533
Tibetan calendar 阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
1116 or 735 or −37
     to 
阳金虎年
(male Iron-Tiger)
1117 or 736 or −36
Castle of Montemor-o-Velho (Portugal) MontemorVelho-CCBY-4.jpg
Castle of Montemor-o-Velho (Portugal)

Year 990 ( CMXC ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Europe

June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 199 days remaining until the end of the year.

Theophanu Queen consort of Germany

Theophanu, was an Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire by marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Otto II, and regent of the Holy Roman Empire during the minority of her son from 983 until her death in 990. She was the niece of the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes.

Nijmegen City and municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Nijmegen is a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland, on the Waal river close to the German border.

Africa

Ghana Empire former country

The Ghana Empire, properly known as Wagadou, was a West African empire located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. Complex societies based on trans-Saharan trade with salt and gold had existed in the region since ancient times, but the introduction of the camel to the western Sahara in the 3rd century CE opened the way to great changes in the area that became the Ghana Empire. By the time of the Muslim conquest of North Africa in the 7th century the camel had changed the ancient, more irregular trade routes into a trade network running from Morocco to the Niger river. The Ghana Empire grew rich from this increased trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, allowing for larger urban centres to develop. The traffic furthermore encouraged territorial expansion to gain control over the different trade routes.

Berbers ethnic group indigenous to North Africa

Berbers, or Amazighs are an ethnic group of several nations indigenous mostly to North Africa and in some northern parts of Western Africa.

Aoudaghost Site of mediaeval town in Mauritania

Aoudaghost is a former Berber town in Hodh El Gharbi, Mauritania. It was an important oasis town at the southern end of a trans-Saharan caravan route that is mentioned in a number of early Arabic manuscripts. The archaeological ruins at Tegdaoust in southern Mauritania are thought to be the remains of the medieval town.

By topic

Religion

  • June The Pax Ecclesiae, an edict by the Catholic Church is promulgated. Held at three synods in different parts of southern and central France – at Charroux, Narbonne and Puy – attempting to outlaw acts of war against non-combatants and the clergy.
Catholic Church Christian church led by the Bishop of Rome

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2017. As the world's "oldest continuously functioning international institution", it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope. Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, an enclave within the city of Rome in Italy.

Kingdom of France kingdom in Western Europe from 843 to 1791

The Kingdom of France was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. It was one of the most powerful states in Europe and a great power since the Late Middle Ages and the Hundred Years' War. It was also an early colonial power, with possessions around the world.

Charroux Abbey abbey located in Vienne, in France

Charroux Abbey, is a ruined monastery in Charroux, in the Vienne department of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, western France.

Births

November 11 is the 315th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 50 days remaining until the end of the year.

Gisela of Swabia Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire

Gisela of Swabia, a member of the Conradiner dynasty, was Queen consort of Germany from 1024 to 1039 and Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 to 1039 by her third marriage with Emperor Conrad II. She was the mother of Emperor Henry III. She was regent of Swabia for her minor son Duke Ernest II of Swabia in 1015.

1043 Year

Year 1043 (MXLIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 291 days remaining until the end of the year.

Siegfried I the Older, Count of Walbeck and Möckerngau, son of Lothar II the Old, Count of Walbeck, and Mathilde von Arneburg. He succeeded his father as Count of Walbeck upon his death.

Nobility privileged social class

Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary. The privileges associated with nobility may constitute substantial advantages over or relative to non-nobles, or may be largely honorary, and vary by country and era. The Medieval chivalric motto "noblesse oblige", meaning literally "nobility obligates", explains that privileges carry a lifelong obligation of duty to uphold various social responsibilities of, e.g., honorable behavior, customary service, or leadership roles or positions, that lives on by a familial or kinship bond.

Related Research Articles

1040 Year

Year 1040 (MXL) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1000 (M) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. In the proleptic Gregorian calendar, it was a non-leap century year starting on Wednesday. It was also the last year of the 10th century as well as the last year of the 1st millennium of the Dionysian era ending on December 31st, but the first year of the 1000s decade.

840 Year

Year 840 (DCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

955 Year

Year 955 (CMLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1001 (MI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. It is the first year of the 11th century and the 2nd millennium.

1050 Year

Year 1050 (ML) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1060 Year

Year 1060 (MLX) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1070 (MLXX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

875 Year

Year 875 (DCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

980 Year

Year 980 (CMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1034 Year

Year 1034 (MXXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1027 Year

Year 1027 (MXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1033 Year

Year 1033 (MXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1035 Year

Year 1035 (MXXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1038 Year

Year 1038 (MXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

985 Year

Year 985 (CMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

960 Year

Year 960 (CMLX) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 915 (CMXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

940 Year

Year 940 (CMXL) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. "Conrad II - Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 8 April 2018.