1066

Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1066 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1066
MLXVI
Ab urbe condita 1819
Armenian calendar 515
ԹՎ ՇԺԵ
Assyrian calendar 5816
Balinese saka calendar 987–988
Bengali calendar 473
Berber calendar 2016
English Regnal year 1  Will. 1
Buddhist calendar 1610
Burmese calendar 428
Byzantine calendar 6574–6575
Chinese calendar 乙巳(Wood  Snake)
3762 or 3702
     to 
丙午年 (Fire  Horse)
3763 or 3703
Coptic calendar 782–783
Discordian calendar 2232
Ethiopian calendar 1058–1059
Hebrew calendar 4826–4827
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1122–1123
 - Shaka Samvat 987–988
 - Kali Yuga 4166–4167
Holocene calendar 11066
Igbo calendar 66–67
Iranian calendar 444–445
Islamic calendar 458–459
Japanese calendar Jiryaku 2
(治暦2年)
Javanese calendar 969–971
Julian calendar 1066
MLXVI
Korean calendar 3399
Minguo calendar 846 before ROC
民前846年
Nanakshahi calendar −402
Seleucid era 1377/1378 AG
Thai solar calendar 1608–1609
Tibetan calendar 阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1192 or 811 or 39
     to 
阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
1193 or 812 or 40
William I (the Conqueror) (r. 1066-1087) King William I ('The Conqueror') from NPG.jpg
William I (the Conqueror) (r. 1066–1087)

1066 ( MLXVI ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Events

By place

England

Europe

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

1060s

The 1060s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1060, and ended on December 31, 1069.

Harold Godwinson 11th-century Anglo-Saxon King of England

Harold Godwinson, also called Harold II, was the last crowned Anglo-Saxon king of England. Harold reigned from 6 January 1066 until his death at the Battle of Hastings, fighting the Norman invaders led by William the Conqueror during the Norman conquest of England. His death marked the end of Anglo-Saxon rule over England.

1064 Calendar year

Year 1064 (MLXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Battle of Hastings Battle between English and Normans on 14 October 1066

The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England. It took place approximately 7 mi (11 km) northwest of Hastings, close to the present-day town of Battle, East Sussex, and was a decisive Norman victory.

Harald Hardrada King of Norway from 1046 to 1066

Harald Sigurdsson, also known as Harald of Norway and given the epithet Hardrada in the sagas, was King of Norway from 1046 to 1066. In addition, he unsuccessfully claimed both the Danish throne until 1064 and the English throne in 1066. Before becoming king, Harald had spent around fifteen years in exile as a mercenary and military commander in Kievan Rus' and of the Varangian Guard in the Byzantine Empire.

Battle of Stamford Bridge 1066 battle near York between Harald Hardrada and King Harold II of England

The Battle of Stamford Bridge took place at the village of Stamford Bridge, East Riding of Yorkshire, in England, on 25 September 1066, between an English army under King Harold Godwinson and an invading Norwegian force led by King Harald Hardrada and the English king's brother Tostig Godwinson. After a bloody battle, both Hardrada and Tostig, along with most of the Norwegians, were killed. Although Harold Godwinson repelled the Norwegian invaders, his army was defeated by the Normans at Hastings less than three weeks later. The battle has traditionally been presented as symbolising the end of the Viking Age, although major Scandinavian campaigns in Britain and Ireland occurred in the following decades, such as those of King Sweyn Estrithson of Denmark in 1069–1070 and King Magnus Barefoot of Norway in 1098 and 1102–1103.

Norman Conquest 11th-century invasion and conquest of England by Normans

The Norman Conquest was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army made up of thousands of Normans, Bretons, Flemish, and men from other French provinces, all led by the Duke of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.

Tostig Godwinson was an Anglo-Saxon Earl of Northumbria and brother of King Harold Godwinson. After being exiled by his brother, Tostig supported the Norwegian king Harald Hardrada's invasion of England, and was killed alongside Hardrada at the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066.

Battle of Fulford 1066 battle near York between Harald Hardrada and two English earls

The Battle of Fulford was fought on the outskirts of the village of Fulford just south of York in England, on 20 September 1066, when King Harald III of Norway, also known as Harald Hardrada, and Tostig Godwinson, his English ally, fought and defeated the Northern Earls Edwin and Morcar.

Gytha Thorkelsdóttir, also called Githa, was a Danish noblewoman. She was the mother of King Harold Godwinson and of Edith of Wessex, queen consort of King Edward the Confessor of England.

Edith of Wessex 11th-century Queen consort of England

Edith of Wessex was Queen of England from her marriage to Edward the Confessor in 1045 until Edward died in 1066. Unlike most English queens in the 10th and 11th centuries, she was crowned. The principal source on her life is a work she herself commissioned, the Vita Ædwardi Regis or the Life of King Edward who rests at Westminster, which is inevitably biased.

Morcar was the son of Ælfgār and brother of Ēadwine. He was the earl of Northumbria from 1065 to 1066, when he was replaced by William the Conqueror with Copsi.

Edwin was the elder brother of Morcar, Earl of Northumbria, son of Ælfgār, Earl of Mercia and grandson of Leofric, Earl of Mercia. He succeeded to his father's title and responsibilities on Ælfgār's death in 1062. He appears as Earl Edwin in the Domesday Book.

Events from the 1060s in England.

William I of England has been depicted in a number of modern works.

House of Godwin Anglo-Saxon dynasty

The House of Godwin was an Anglo-Saxon family and one of the leading noble families in England during the last 50 years before the Norman Conquest. Its most famous member was Harold Godwinson, king of England for nine months in 1066.

<i>Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar</i>

Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar is an Old Icelandic king's saga focusing on the career of King Haraldr Sigurðarson of Norway.

Judith of Flanders (died 1095) Countess of Northumbria

Judith of Flanders was, by her successive marriages to Tostig Godwinson and Welf I, Countess of Northumbria and Duchess of Bavaria.

The Year of the Three Kings may refer to the following years in the history of England and the United Kingdom:

The Treaty of Abernethy was signed at the Scottish village of Abernethy in 1072 where king Malcolm III of Scotland paid homage to William I, King of England, acknowledging William as his feudal overlord.

References

  1. "Coronations - Westminster Abbey". web.archive.org. December 12, 2009.
  2. Christopher Gravett (1992). Osprey: Hastings: The Fall of Saxon England, p. 50–51. ISBN   1-85532-164-5.
  3. "Tain Community Website - History & Heritage". www.tain.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2016-06-13. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
  4. Philibert Schmitz, "Theoduin", in Biographie Nationale de Belgique , vol. 24 (Brussels, 1929), 757-758.
  5. Nancy Marie Brown. "The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman". p. 95. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  6. Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 44. ISBN   88-8289-529-7.
  7. Norman Roth (1994). Jews, Visigoths, and Muslims in Medieval Spain: Cooperation and Conflict. Netherlands: E.J. Brill, p. 110. ISBN   90-04-09971-9.